National Council of Social Studies<br />http://www.ncss.org<br />Publications:<br />Social Education<br />Middle Level Learning<br />Social Studies & the Young Learner<br />The Social Studies Professional<br />
Basal Reader<br /><ul><li>Basal readers are textbooks used to teach reading and associated skills to schoolchildren.
Commonly called "reading books" or "readers" they are usually published as anthologies that combine previously published short stories, excerpts of longer narratives, and original works</li></li></ul><li>Leveled Books<br />(multiple trade books)<br />
Read-A-Loud<br />Read~Aloud Handbook <br />by Jim Trelease<br />
The Rainstick<br />A song to the spirits <br />The legend: Somewhere in Africa, before the birth of Christ, rainsticks were played to remind spirits that rain was welcome. The rainstick serenades the gods of Diaguitas, a native Chilean people. From windswept hillsides and Barrancas beneath the Andes, artisans with burros collect dead and dried cactus which might otherwise be used for firewood. (Absolutely no live cactus is cut.) The thorns are then pressed into hollow shafts. Pebbles cascading over the thorns create the water sound of this ancient instrument which is still head in the music of the Andes. <br />Play it - pray for rain OR pray for tranquility and peace<br />The rainstick is magic.<br />
The Talking Stick - Nation Unknown<br />Talking Stick<br />used in many Native American Traditions when a council is called. <br />passed from person to person as they speak and only the person holding the stick is allowed to talk during that time period. <br />member of the meeting must listen closely to the words being spoken, so when their turn comes, they do not repeat unneeded information or ask impertinent questions. I<br />Indian children are taught to listen from age three forward; they are also taught to respect another's viewpoint. <br />materials used in the Talking Stick speaks of the personal Medicine of the stick owner, each Talking Stick will be different. <br />Answering Feather<br />Answering Feather is also held by the person speaking unless the speaker address a question to another council member. At that time, the Answering Feather is passed to the person asked to answer the query. <br />type of feathers and hide used on a Talking Stick are very important as well. <br />usually an Eagle Feather, which represents high ideals, truth as viewed from the expansive eye of the eagle, and the freedom that comes from speaking total truth to the best of one's ability. <br />can also be the feather of a Turkey, the Peace Eagle of the south, which brings peaceful attitudes as well as the give and take necessary in successful completion of disputes. <br />the Owl feather may also be used to stop deception from entering the Sacred Space of the Council.<br />http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/TraditionalTalkingStick-Unknown.html<br />
TN History for Kids<br />http://www.tnhistoryforkids.org/<br />http://www.tennesseeanytime.org/about/history.html<br />
Creating Games<br />Land and Water Forms<br />peninsula — an area of land surrounded on three sides by water <br />bay— a area of water surrounded by land on three sides by land<br />lake— a body of fresh water that is relatively still<br />island— an area of land smaller than a continent that is surrounded by water on all sides<br />isthmus — a narrow piece of land between two larger bodies of water <br />strait— a narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water<br />