CHINESE HIGHEREDUCATION AND CURRENTHOT TOPICS Yung-Hwa Anna Chow Washington State University
What We will Cover Today: 4 things you should know about Chinese higher ed. Current hot topics: Use of paid agents Plagiarism Community college enrollment Best practices from international programs around the nation ―Tiger mom‖ and our perception of Chinese international students
4 Things You Should Know aboutChinese Higher Ed. Chinese Higher Ed: Cultural Values Major differences between Chinese and U.S. higher ed. Why are students coming to the U.S.? Facts and figures about Chinese international students in the U.S.
Chinese Higher Ed: CulturalValues Confucian influence = great emphasis on education Meritocracy Harmony and group mentality vs. individualism Population with degrees = 9 % (Chronicle of Higher Education) Class inequalities and education attainment
Major Differences BetweenChinese and U.S. Higher Ed. College entrance—gao kao Majors Cohorts Mentoring/advising
Why Are Students Coming to theU.S.? Prestige—Institute of International Education survey (2009) Growing middle class in China Marketability Flexibility of U.S. education system Recruitment
Facts and Figures about ChineseInternational Students in the U.S. 1 in 5 international student is Chinese 2010 – 2011: 157,558 students came from China (up 23% from previous year) 67% with personal funding = major contribution to U.S. economy Top majors: 1) BUS/MGMT; 2) ENG/MATH; 3) PHYS/Life Sciences/Social Sciences Data from Open Door (opendoor.iie.org)
Hot topic # 1: Use of paidagents Define types of education agents Commissioned Hired by university vs. students Data from 2010 National Association for College Admissions Counseling 421member institutions surveyed about the use of agents for international recruitment
Agents—cont’d Pros Saves institutions money Essential for small universities and community colleges in the U.S. Local agents are helpful to families with little English = local access
Agents—cont’d Cons Paid based on numbers = leads to abuse Uncertified, lack of training, not regulated Unfair to students that can’t pay Conflict of interest = transcript and test score integrity (Zinch China 2011 survey)
Discussion Do you agree with the use of agents? Implications for advisors? How does your institution recruit international students?
Hot topic # 2: Plagiarism Define plagiarism Statistics of plagiarism Plagiarism and Chinese international students
Discussion Have you dealt with students who were confronted about plagiarism? How do your institutions educate international students about plagiarism? As advisors, how can we curtail plagiarism?
Hot topic # 3: Community CollegeEnrollment Data from Open Door—leading inst. by type # of Students PhD M.A B.A/B.S # of Students AA 0 5000 10000
Community college, cont’d Perceptions Different student population Visa process Green River Community College, WA
Discussion What are the advantages of starting at a community college?
Hot topic # 4: Best Practices Good transfer agreements International outreach Cross-cultural training for advisors Bilingual counselors Living and learning communities that foster exchange between Chinese and domestic students From Karen Doss Bowman, International Educator, Mar. + Apr. 2012
Discussion What are exemplary practices on your campuses? How do you envision a ―good‖ international program?
Hot topic # 5: Tiger moms and ourPerception of the Chinese InternationalStudent What is a tiger mom? Quote from Amy Chua attend a sleepover have a playdate be in a school play complain about not being in a school play watch TV or play computer games choose their own extracurricular activities get any grade less than an A not be the No. 1 student in every subject except gym and drama play any instrument other than the piano or violin not play the piano or violin.
Tiger moms, cont’d PISA: Programm for International Student Assessment (65 countries) Countries Reading Science Math (496) (493) (501) Shanghai- 556 575 600 China Korea 539 538 546 Finland 536 554 541 Hong Kong- 533 549 555 China Singapore 526 542 562
Tiger moms, cont’d Tiger moms in China? What the "Chinese mom" debate swirling around Amy Chuas book fails to adequately consider is the fact that American classrooms—and society in general—are more conducive to individual expression and innovation. The rote learning that she stresses might work when her daughters, outside the home, are encouraged to think independently. But in China, where authoritarian parenting is coupled with an ossified higher education system, creativity is stifled. The father-knows-best Confucian approach is applied to a repressive degree. (Indeed, Chinese men dominate academia, and the "Chinese dad" phenomenon would be considered more relevant than that of the "Chinese mom" to begin with.) Quote from thedailybeast.com
Discussion How does the ―tiger mom‖ phenomenon influence our perception of Chinese (international) students?