In the Simple Past, a specific time is used to show when an action began or finished. In the Past Continuous, a specific time only interrupts the action.Examples: Last night at 6 PM, I ate dinner. I STARTED EATING AT 6 PM. Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner. I STARTED EARLIER; AND AT 6 PM, I WAS IN THE PROCESS OF EATING DINNER.
Simple Past Past Progressiveirregular verbs: see 2nd column of past form of be + ing form of verbirregular verbs I was speaking you were speaking I spoke he / she / it was speakingregular verbs: verb + ed we were speaking they were speaking I worked Exceptions•Exceptions when adding ed :when the final letter is e, •Exceptions when adding ing :silent e is dropped (but:only add d.Example: love - loved does not apply for -ee)Example: come - coming•after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is but: agree - agreeingdoubledExample: admit - admitted •after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is•final l is always doubled in British English (not in American doubledExample: sit - sittingEnglish)Example: travel - travelled •final l is always doubled in British English (not in American•after a consonant, final y becomes i. (but: not after a English)Example: travel - travellingvowel)Example: worry - he worried •final ie becomes y.Example: lie - lyingbut: play - he played
After another or at the same time?Do you want to express that the actions in thepast happened one after another or at the sametime? Simple Past Past Progressiveafter another at the same timeShe came home, switched on the computer Simon was playing on the computer whileand checked her e-mails. his brother was watching TV.
New action or already in progress?If you want to express that a new action happened in the middle of another action,you need both tenses: Simple Past the new action and Past Progressive for theaction already in progress. Simple Past Past Progressivenew action action already in progressMy mobile rang (when I was sitting in a While I was sitting in a meeting, (mymeeting.) mobile suddenly rang.)
Only mentioning or emphasizing progress?Do you just want to mention that an action took place in thepast (also used for short actions)? Or do you want to putemphasis on the progress, e.g. that an action was taking placeat a certain time? Simple Past Past Progressivejust mentioning emphasising progressColin played football yesterday. Yesterday at six oclock, Colin was playing football.
state: be, cost, fit, mean, suit Example: We were on holiday. possession: belong, have Example: Sam had a cat. senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touch Example: He felt the cold. feelings: hate, hope, like, love, prefer, regret, want, wish Example: Jane loved pizza. brain work: believe, know, think, understand Example: I did not understand him. introductory clauses for direct speech: answer, ask, reply, say Example: “I am watching TV,“ he said.
Simple Past Past Progressive•first •when•then •while•If-Satz Typ II •as long as(If I talked, …)
Comprehension Quiz• Hello everybody! My name is Past Simple Boy because I am very nostalgic and I always talk about the past. This is an old picture of me. I was eighteen in this picture. It was thirteen years ago.• I studied at University at that time. I lived with my friends Paco and Javi in a big and old flat. We didnt study much and we enjoyed our life. Every weekend we went to the disco and met new girls. I remember I had a girlfriend called Margarita.• I finished my studies in 1995. A year later I started to work as a Language teacher in a Secondary school. Life is not too bad, but those days were fantastic!• Do you know about your parents life when they were young?