G R O U P N O . 2
A C H I N T K U M A R
G I R I S H M A T H U R
K S H I T I Z
P R I Y A M V A D A R I C H A
S H I K H A Y A D A V
Research proposal on:
•The constitution of India offers all citizens,
including children, certain basic fundamental rights.
• The directive principles of state policy emphasizes
that the state needs to ensure that all children are
provided with services and opportunities to grow and
develop in a safe and secure environment.
However, in the Indian context, the adverse social
attitude towards daughters has left girl children
vulnerable and at a disadvantage.
Their survival, education, health care, development,
security and well being are a matter of national concern.
A significant impact of this discrimination is reflected in
the deterioration of the male-female ratio, particularly
Child Sex Ratio
The overall sex ratio in the country has shown an
encouraging trend since Census 1991 throughout the
country. However, the same is not true pertaining to child
It has continuously diminished and by more than 60
points in last 60 years
Trend in Child Sex Ratio and Overall Sex
Ratio in India (1961-2011)
Their survival, education, health care,
development, security and well being are a matter
of national concern.
A significant impact of this discrimination is
reflected in the deterioration of the male-female
ratio, particularly among children.
Persisting gender inequalities in India-
lack of health care and nutrition
Special financial incentive schemes for girls are crucial for
improving the survival and welfare of girls and reverse the
distorted sex ratio at birth (SRB).
Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT)
All the currently active special financial incentive schemes in India
CCT is the process through which the families receive the
specified financial benefits against the fulfillment of certain
minimum requirements such as registration of birth, childhood
immunization, enrollment and retention in school, and delaying the
age of marriage beyond 18 years.
Several special financial incentive schemes for girls have been
initiated in 15 states.
Bhagyalakshmi scheme- Karnataka
Ladli lakshmi yojana- Madhya Pradesh
Rajalakshmi scheme (DISCONTINUED)- Rajasthan
Mukhyamantri kanya suraksha yojana- Bihar
SEX RATIO IN EAG STATES (2011 CENSUS)
Discontinued Rajalakshmi scheme- Reasons
Lack of financial resources and unrealistic financial resources
Absence of a proper grievance redressal mechanism
Lack of coordination across different sectors such as health,
education and social welfare
Lack of coordination between implementing departments and
financial institutions (LIC, UTI, Banks, etc.) led to delays in
Whether the conditional cash transfer to parents of
girl child through the “Anandi scheme” improve the
child-sex ratio and change the attitude of parents
towards girl child as a liability, in Rajasthan state?
Aim of the Research
To propose the detailed implementation plan of the financial
incentive scheme “Anandi scheme” for the girls in Rajasthan.
To monitor and evaluate the change in sex ratio at birth from
baseline status (926) to expected status ( ) after (three) years
of implementation of “Anandi scheme” in Rajasthan.
To evaluate the change in attitude of parents towards girl child as
a liability in Rajasthan.
It is decided that in the first stage, the scheme would
be implemented for a period of five years and
depending on its success it would be reviewed for an
extension of another five years or beyond.
The phases of intervention according to eligibility
criteria for availing the scheme is as follows:
Phases of Intervention
Phases for intervention Tim
1 Incentive under JSSY scheme At
1400 /- 1400/-
2 Incentive to female child for
completing immunization programme
3 Incentive at enrollment for
No. of years x
4 At primary schooling level (1ST to 5th
5 At secondary level (6th to 10th ) 150/-
6 Senior secondary level (11th -12th ) 170/-
7 Graduation level* (pass course/
Current rate of interest on the total amount to be given at the time of
Sum of all this money would be approximately
The deposited amount calculated on Current
rate of interest on the total amount to be
given at the time of maturity.*
This scheme will restrict incentives up to two girls
The study discovered that the promise of cash transfers
provided a sense of security and instilled a sense of
confidence in these families to invest in their girls.
Wherever benefits were availed, to a large extent families
ensured birth registration, immunization, school
enrolment and delayed age of marriage of their
It may be appropriate to consider a proposal wherein
both the centre and the state governments jointly finance
these schemes through improved targeting and attractive
This could be more specifically measured through
improved SRB and CSR, increased school enrolment
and attendance in primary, middle and high schools,
and an enhanced age of marriage.