Cutting The Trees Of Knowledge


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This presentation looks at how our engagement with the internet has changed the way knowledge is created, communicated and searched. Not only is information more readily available to us but, thanks to online networks and knowledge-sharing tools, the way that it is organised and accessed, and even the way that it is validated and accepted into professional and everyday use, is different and – ultimately – better.

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Cutting The Trees Of Knowledge

  1. 1. Cutting the trees of knowledge: social software, information architecture & their epistemic consequences M Schiltz, F Truyen & H Coppens
  2. 2. the cost of knowledge <ul><li>cost of production </li></ul><ul><li>= cost of information </li></ul>knowledge as commodity EXCLUSIVITY OF INFORMATION
  3. 3. <ul><li>minimal </li></ul><ul><li>production cost </li></ul>the (new) cost of knowledge OPEN ACCESS
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ Open Access is a major step forward, if only by indicating that it is to the advantage of scientific production if it is generous and ubiquitous – an idea to which even scientific publishers must eventually concede.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Schiltz et al) </li></ul><ul><li>Open Access is characterised by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>removing price barriers – ie. Information must be free of monetary costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>removing permission barriers – ie. Information must be free of copyright & licensing restrictions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 6. more open access journals <ul><li>LivRe! ( ) – developed by the Brazilian National Nuclear Energy Commission, publishes scientific journals, magazines, bulletins and newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>JURN ( ) – curated academic search-engine, indexing 3,598 free ejournals in the arts & humanities </li></ul><ul><li>Revistas ( ) - scientific journals published by CSIC </li></ul><ul><li>University of Nevada Collection of Free Electronic Journals ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>ABC Chemistry ( - free full-text journals in chemistry </li></ul>
  7. 7. social software <ul><li>“ Social software” refers to the use of computer-mediated communication to form communities, by means of one-to-one, one-to-many and many-to-many communication modes. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of social software include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It integrates various aspects of group interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is simple to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It enables groups to self-organise rather than impose structure or organisation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. taxonomy noun chiefly Biology 1 the branch of science concerned with classification. 2 a scheme of classification. (
  9. 9. <ul><li>Folksonomy refers to a system of classification premised on the practice of collaboratively creating and managing tags to categorize content. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as collaborative tagging , social classification , social indexing , and social tagging . </li></ul>
  10. 10. tag clouds refer to a visual depiction of user-generated tags, as a way to visualize tags in a folksonomy
  11. 11. what is “knowledge”? knowledge noun 1 information and skills acquired through experience or education. 2 the sum of what is known. 3 awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation: he denied all knowledge of the incident. (
  12. 13. in summary … Printing Press Internet Open Access Social Software Minimised Publishing costs New, improved & more accessible kind of knowledge Folksonomies