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Communnity Based Forest Management


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Presentation about what a communnity Based Forest Management is all about with a case analysis

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Communnity Based Forest Management

  1. 1. Community Based Forest Management<br />
  2. 2. What is CFM?<br />Relevant info + Inclusive participation = CFM<br />
  3. 3. JFM v/s CFM<br />Social Composition<br />JFM – women, cast and tribe<br />CFM - Existing village council structure<br />Type<br />JFM – Formal,<br />CFM – Informal, autonomous<br />Ownership<br />JFM – State<br />CFM - Private<br />
  4. 4. Why CFM ?<br />Development of poor forest communities <br />Potential to generate income and employment<br />Sustainable management<br />Enhance the capacity of NTFP stakeholders<br />Micro and small enterprise products such as matchsticks, pencils, toothpicks, skewer sticks, blinds etc, as well as medium-scale industrial panel products that rival wood products<br />
  5. 5. CFM: Community Driven<br />Variable land ownership<br />Strong community use rights<br />Communities make decisions<br /> State monitors, regulates and guides<br />Forests meet local needs first<br />Often strong commercial focus<br />
  6. 6. India and CFM<br /><ul><li>Communities – Keepers
  7. 7. To restore denuded forests
  8. 8. NE – 12000 to 15000 villages involved
  9. 9. Protecting 1-2 million ha</li></li></ul><li>Continued..<br />Decentralized, grassroots moment<br />Coordinated through traditional or informal cultural institutions<br />Major states<br />S- Bihar<br />West Bengal<br />Orissa<br />N-Andhra Pradesh<br />NE ( Meghalya, Manipur)<br />MP – recent survey informal groups<br />
  10. 10. Characteristics of Indian CFM<br />Forest – Tribal interface <br />cultural and economic ties<br />Local Environment concern<br />Resource depletion<br />Changing microclimate<br />Ground water<br />Supportive actors<br />NGO<br />Forest field staff<br />
  11. 11. Case Study<br />Report on Difficulties in CFM affecting forest dependent communities in Orissa<br />
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  13. 13. Legal Non recognition of CFM<br />Why?<br />Non-monetary philosophy of CFM<br />Unidirectional nature of govt.<br />Homogenizing tendencies of the modern law making process by government.<br />
  14. 14. Difficulties<br />It is difficult to motivate villagers for protection of forest without giving them incentives.<br />Technical competence, capacity to raise resources of community forestry enterprises questioned<br />Villagers may not get any incentives by protecting forest against smugglers, poachers etc.<br />Creating a focus on strengthening forest based livelihood rather than immediate benefits . <br />
  15. 15. Findings<br />Undertake forest protection and management involving communities based on the local needs.<br />Take baby steps rather than chasing a target in a small time span.<br />The community should be given power to protect and manage forest. <br />Recognition to community forest management initiative<br />
  16. 16. Members of Bajrakot Forest Protection Committee, Ranpur, Orissa, beginning a night watch of the forest.<br />
  17. 17. CFM and Rural Development <br />Vast potential for vast potential for poverty reduction and rural economic wellfare while also supporting conservative goals.<br />Requires integrated solutions:<br /> - like WB/JBIC aided projects <br />
  18. 18. Some Progress … <br />DFID supported and planning work in Orissa and Himachal Pradesh <br />ISRO work in Karnataka and Kerala on monitoring with forest inventory, watershed, biodiversity<br />Bank-supported work in Jharkhand on forest livelihoods monitoring systems<br />
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  20. 20. Information and Communication Technology (ICT)<br />ICT can make significant contributions.<br />Two area of Forest Management<br />Resource monitoring by Firehawk.<br />Raising awareness of sustainable practices<br />
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  22. 22. ICT and CFM<br />Using specially developed mapping tools<br />Non-literate indigenous map their resources prior to any logging in their traditional forest<br />Development of computer mapping tools, automated GPS<br />Maps provide the community with evidence of their key resources and forest use<br />
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  24. 24. Strengths of CFM<br />Due to absence of govt. control , decision making process is faster . <br />Presence of strong motivational factor as the projects are initiated by the people living around the forests rather than a third party.<br />Better control over the various aspects due to limited size . <br />Villages feel responsible for the protected areas & use their indigenous knowledge for its protection to the max. effect . <br />
  25. 25. Limitations<br />How long can you sustain CFM?<br />What guarantee is there that the forest won’t be mismanagement<br />Not fully inclusive participation<br />
  26. 26. Thank you<br />