Swot analysis of managment of cauvery wl sanctury

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Mitigation of Threats Cauvery WLS

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Swot analysis of managment of cauvery wl sanctury

  1. 1. Management of Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary, Chamrajangar Extent – 526.955 Sq. Kms Notified vide GOK order No. AHFF – FWL 87 dated : 14-01-1987
  2. 2. Chaos & Disorder in Division Office Action Plans, Estimates, kept in lockers hidden. Release Orders under various schemes concealed. Tappals ,Progress Reports, Govt Notifications, Circulars, Govt Orders not put up on table completely. Pilferage of number of tappals. Revenue Records disorganized. Audit Reports, High Court Parawise Reports kept displaced. FOC Registers disorganized, Cash Books not updated. Wild Life Crimes Reports unavailable. Investigation Reports untraceable even after a week rigorous search. Encroachment FIRs, Mahazars, Investigation Reports not traceable in the office. Records built for regularization of temporary PCP workers. Leakage of Sensitive Information, Pilferage of Data. Factionalism, Politics, Petitions, Blackmail, extortion & rent seeking
  3. 3. Struggle for Achieving National Mandate Improve the Environment Safe Guard the Forests and Wild Life ( Art 48 A ) ( D P S P ) Protect & Improve Natural Environment Protect Forests, Rivers, Wild Life Compassion for living creatures ( Art 51 g ) ( F D ) Concurrent List = Forests 17 A Chief Wild Life Warden may take “such measures”, in the interests of wild life, as “he may consider necessary” for the improvement of wild life habitat. ( CEC 14th Feb 2000 ) Clarified Habitat Improvement, Protection Camps, Waterholes, Chowkies, Checkpost, Civil Works, Entry barrier, Watch Tower, Research & Monitoring Activities ( for conservation and protection for better management of the protected areas).
  4. 4. 527 Sq Km
  5. 5. STRENGTHS Approved Management Plan & Prescriptions Information Technology Newly Recruited Foresters & Forest Guards & Forest Watchers Young Energetic, Enthusiastic Forest Force, Newly Employed Tiger Task Force Arms, Ammunition & Weapons Forensic Science Knowledge Eco Development Committee Presidents & Members Jungle Lodges & Resorts, Private Resorts on boundaries Available Scientific Research Study Publications Wild animals Census & Population Density Data Solar Power, NREGS-SMC Works & Lantana removals etc Fringe Area Young Energetic Unemployed Working Force Degraded Forest Lands requiring replenishment Fringe Area Revenue Villages-Afforestation, Fodder Develop
  6. 6. •Inadequate funds, lack of infrastructural support and lack of awareness among the people about importance of conservation of wildlife. • Enormous biotic pressure over the Sanctuary area by the human and cattle population in 8 enclosure villages and 37 villages with in 5 kms radius of the sanctuary. • The sanctuary area being highly undulating and desiccating during summer fire plays havoc which makes it impossible to fight forest fires. • Many places of worship located inside the sanctuary drawing hundreds of pilgrims makes the local administration helpless to have a check on their movement within the sanctuary. • Lack of adequate staff and motor able roads in the undulating area is a big hindrance with regard to protection of the wildlife. WEAKNESS
  7. 7. OPPORTUNITIES Building Infrastructure –Supporting Staff Qtrs, Forest Guest Houses. RIDF Rural Infrastructure Development Fund Information Technology Wireless, Telecommunication, Information Networking, Intelligence Gathering, Collection of Information GIS, Geographical Information System, GPS Global Positioning System Remote Sensing Satellite Images Raster & Vector Landsat Images, Digital Elevation Modelling, GIS Software –Arc-View, Arc-Info, Arc-GIS ESRI Prouducts. NREGA- Employment for Anti-Crop Depradation, Protection Duty, Protection Camp Development, Soil & Moisture Conservation, Water Harvesting Structure, Nursery Development, Watershed Development
  8. 8. 1. Hunting & Poaching of wild animals, Tuskers, leopards, tigers 2. Cattle grazing, commercial cattle business 3. Fire hazards during summer months. 4. Encroachment of Forest lands Almabadi & Dantalli 5. Smuggling of Timber and Firewood across TN borders 6. Man and animal conflict at Conflict Zones 7. Lack of Perennial waterholes 8. Soil Erosion & Need of Water Harvesting Structures 9. Unregulated tourism at Hoganekal TN Borders 10. Disease and pests THREATS
  9. 9. Threat Mitigation Steps 10 New Anti Poaching Sheds under Operation Carriage of sufficient Arms & Ammunition to combat the poachers & hunters. Regular Weapon upkeep and maintenance Weapon Training to the Foresters & Forests Guards Infrastructure development of the Protection Camps Massive Perambulation & Cross Borders co ordination with TN Forests/Police Tele-Communication and Information Networking across the borders Intelligence Gathering and Information Collections from Informants across TN Borders Detection of FOC & Wild Life Crimes from different areas Regular Boundary Perambulation by Forest Guards and Protection Camps along with GPS and GPS Report Plotting on Arc Info Maps.
  10. 10. • Conducting Workshops & Awareness Camps for Staff. • Education and Awareness Camps for public & schools • Nature Awareness Camps • Elephant Days • Maintenance of Patrol Paths, Inspection Roads • Fire Control • Vaccination • Crop Compensation • NREGA-Soil & Moisture Conservation Works, Weed Removal • Habitat improvement-Firelines, Water Holes, Seed dibbling • Solar Fencing at Indignatha, EPT at Padsalanatha Threat Mitigation Steps
  11. 11. •Creation of water holes. •Lantana Weed eradication programs. •Augmentation of natural regeneration by ANR •Planting of native species in the degraded lands ANR •Soil and moisture conservation. •Water Harvesting Structure like Check Dams •Desilting of Water Tanks, check dams etc •Restricting Minor Forest Produce withdrawals Micro-plan work shop, writing and documentation. Workshops and training. Compensation for crop depredation, attack on livestock and Human beings. Habitat improvement works Eco- Developmental Activities
  12. 12. • Problem of man and animal specially wild elephants conflict along the boundary areas of the sanctuary abutting agricultural fields. • Maintenance of the existing elephant proof trench and formation of elephant proof trench on the remaining stretch of the sanctuary. • Improving source of water availability and fodder within the sanctuary. • Timely payment of compensation to the farmers & victim families. • By arranging scaring teams and providing crackers to farmers to scare away the crop raiding wild animals. • Propaganda and publicity regarding the importance of wildlife MAN AND ANIMAL CONFLICT
  13. 13. 527 Sq Km
  14. 14. Sl. No. Year Detailed of cases No. of cases Amount Paid 1. 1998-1999 Nil Nil --- 2. 1999-2000 Crop Compensation cases 171 Cases 1,08,100.00 3. 1999-2000 Human killed by Wild Elephant 2 Cases 2,00,000.00 4. 2000-2001 Crop Compensation cases 82 Cases 73,400.00 5. 2000-2001 Human killed by Wild Elephant 1Case 1,00,000.00 6. 2001-2002 Crop Compensation cases 52 Cases 50,800.00 7. 2001-2002 Human killed by Wild Elephant 1Case 1,00,000.00 8. 2002-2003 Human killed by Wild Elephant 1Case 1,00,000.00 9. 2002-2003 Crop Compensation cases 8 Cases 7,000.00 10. 2003-2004 Crop Compensation cases 34 cases 67,500.00 11. 2004-2005 Human killed by Wild Elephant 2 cases 2,00,000.00 12. 2005-2006 Crop compensation cases 49 cases 50,000.00 Human killed by wild Elephant 1 case 1,00,000.00 13. 2006-07 Crop compensation cases 39 case 34,400.00 Human killed by wild Elephant 1 case 1,00,000.00 14. 2007-08 Crop compensation cases 478 Cases 4,60,725.00 Human killed by wild Elephant 12 Cases 13,50,000.00 Human Injury 1 case 20,000.00 15 2008-09 Human Killed by Elephant 2 case 3,00,000.00 Crop compensation cases 56 cases 59,125.00 16 2009-10 Upto feb 2010 Crop compensation cases 22 cases 68,610.00 Human killed by wild Elephant (payment paid in IDWH (S) & (C) 75000 each scheme 1 case 1,50,000.00 15 TOTAL 11,01,660.00 Crop Compensation, Human Deaths, Injury
  15. 15. STEPS FOR MAN ANIMAL CONFLICT MITIGATION Elephant Crop Anti Depredation Camps : 4 Camps 5 Watchers each camp, Crackers, Torch, Fire burning, EPT covering during night 6 PM to 6 AM one gun staff Hanur Wild Life Range :Chikkailur, Ganigmanagala, Kallidoddi, Beerota Cowdaahlli Wild Life Range : 2 Camps at Dantalli, Arabagere, Changadi, Ponachi, Asthur Kanakapura Wild Life Range : Soligere, Madivala, Kolkote MM Hills : Gopinatham, Indignatha-Padsalnatha, Ponachi EPT maintenance and fresh EPT constructions at Padsalnatha Solar Fencing of Indignatha Awareness Camps Elephant Days Celebration Wild Life Week Celebration
  16. 16. Statement Showing the Detail of FOC Cases from 1992 to 2010 Sl. No Year Openin g Balnce cases booked during the year Total Dispose during the year Balance Remarks Court Others Total 1 1992-93 4cases 4 3cases - - - 2 1993-94 1 17cases 18 12cases 4 2 6 3 1994-95 6 5cases 11 5cases 4 2 6 4 1995-96 6 26cases 32 25cases 5 2 7 5 1996-97 7 34cases 41 32cases 5 4 9 6 1997-98 9 36cases 45 34cases 5 6 11 7 1998-99 11 36cases 47 34cases 5 8 13 8 1999-00 13 28cases 41 26cases 5 10 15 9 2000-01 15 41cases 56 34cases 5 17 22 10 2001-02 22 36cases 58 35cases 5 18 23 11 2002-03 23 169cases 192 25cases 147 20 167 including 140 encroachment cases for the year 2002-03 12 2003-04 167 700cases 867 24cases 822 21 843 including 675 encroachment cases for the year 2003-04 13 2004-05 843 18cases 861 18cases 822 21 843 14 2005-06 843 33cases 876 - 839 37 876 15 2006-07 876 12cases 888 - 850 38 888 16 2007-08 888 27cases 915 - 869 46 915 including 3 encroachment cases for the year 2007-08 17 2008-09 915 21cases 936 - 890 46 936 18 2009-10 936 27Cases 963 - 896 67 963 Forest Offence Cases
  17. 17. Developmental Projects Approved from Govt Of India Project Cost = Rs 1 Cr 10 Tents = Rs 41 L Dormitory = Rs 8 L Store Room = Rs 4 L Gol Ghar = Rs 5 L Forest IB = Rs 5 L Reception = Rs 4 L Children Park =Rs 4 L Car Parking =Rs 3 L Kitchen = Rs 5L Articles = Rs 20 L Total Cost = Rs 1 Cr
  18. 18. The Ladybird Beetle Jungle Camps & Mystery Trails
  19. 19. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd. Erkam Valley Mystery Trails 2008-10 Gopinatham
  20. 20. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd. Ventilation, Bedroom, Living
  21. 21. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd.
  22. 22. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd.
  23. 23. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd.
  24. 24. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd. Platform for ladybird
  25. 25. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd. Close up of ventilation
  26. 26. © 2007 Adventure Products & Services Pvt. Ltd. The entry point
  27. 27. Hoganekal Falls TN Border
  28. 28. Hoganekal Eco Tourism Karnataka Tamilnadu Cross Border Issue Basic Infrastructure Public Convinience Rs 20 L Toilet, Bathroom, Changing Rooms Drinking Water Facility Parking Stand Rs 5 L Resting Place with chairs Rs 3 L Paragola Resting Place Rs 2 L Canteen Rs 15L Steps & Plateform Rs 10 L Watch Tower Rs 10 L Interpretation Centre Rs 10 L Fencing of Tourism Area Rs 20 L Signage Boards Education/Awareness Rs 3 L Trekking Trails Rs 2 L Total Rs100 Lakhs
  29. 29. Budgetary Plan Adequate budgetary support is of utmost importance for the success of the management plan. All activities are solely dependent on the availability of funds for execution of various works proposed in the plan. Hence, the plan budget prepared here would try to incorporate provisions for all the strategies of proposed management and related activities. •Pay and allowances for existing staff. •Pay and allowances for proposed staff. •Wages for existing staff. •Wages for proposed staff. •TA for existing staff. •TA for Proposed staff. •Office expenditure. •Rent, rates, and Taxes •Motor vehicles. •Other Expenses.
  30. 30. Repair and maintenance •Roads, Bridges, Culverts. •Buildings and watch towers, checking gates. •Vehicles. •Wireless sets. •Other equipments. •Water holes. •Fire lines. Protection activities •Purchase of vehicles. •Purchase of Mobile sets. •Demarcation of boundary of sanctuary. •Rewards and incentives. •Secret service fund. •Procurement of weapons and ammunition. •Supply of uniforms & Accoutrements. •Supply of ration to anti poaching camps. •Construction of buildings. •Other expenses.
  31. 31. Eco-Tourism activities •Creation of infrastructure. •Development of Interpretation centre and orientation center. •Development and maintenance of Signage's and wayside exhibits. •Publications of brochures. •Salary for nature guides. •Other expenses. Research, Monitoring and training •Establishment of Research centre. •Purchase of equipments. •Census operations. •Trainings and work shops. •Maintenance and Development of infrastructure. •Other miscellaneous expenditures.
  32. 32. Requirement of additional vehicles • The existing number of vehicles is minimal when compare to the vast, rugged forest area of the sanctuary. The existing old vehicles shall be replaced with new ones and also provided with additional vehicles like four wheel drive jeeps. Sl. No. Designation Existing vehicle (in Nos) Required vehicles Jeeps Motor bikes 1. Deputy Conservator of Forests 1 - - 2. Assistant conservator of Forests Kanakapura WL sub Division - 1 - 3. Assistant conservator of Forests M.M.Hills WL sub Division 1 - - 4. RFO WL Kanakapura 1 - 2 5. RFO WL Hanur - 1 2 6. RFO WL Cowdally 1 - 2 7. RFO WL M.M.Hills 1 - 2 8. RFO WL Alambadi - 1 1 Total 05 03 09
  33. 33. •Total length of the patrolling roads inside the sanctuary = 200.70 kms. PATROLLING PATHS STRENGTHENING OF WIRELESS NETWORKS • No of static wireless stations = 6. • Repeaters station = 1 (at Soligere). • Mobile Wireless sets = 5 Nos. (fitted to the Jeeps). • Walkie-Talkies = 30 Nos. FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION • 0.315 rifles = 11 Nos. • Revolver = 1 No. • Slide action 12 bore guns = 6 Nos. • 12 bore guns = 11 Nos
  34. 34. PUBLICITY AND PUBLIC RELATION • Publicity material to create awareness among school children, tourists and general public on conservation of wildlife. FIRE CONTROL • Control of Forest fire, a very difficult task because of the highly undulating terrain and thick under growth of grass. • Maintenance of existing fire lines by clearing and early burning before the last week of december. • Employing adequate number of fire watchers in the first week of January. CONTROL OF ILLEGAL REMOVAL OF FOREST PRODUCE: • Stray cases of illegal removal of timber and fuel wood noticed • Collection of NTFP not allowed. TRANS BOUNDARY PROBLEMS: • Scope for smugglers and poachers to operate across the interstate boundary of Tamilanadu. • Frequent meetings with officers from both the states required.
  35. 35. PLANTING • Rigid protection to be given to the root stock of indigenous tree species in the fringe areas affected by biotic interference. • Planting of seedlings not recommended as survival percentage is less because of shallow rocky soil and root competition IMPROVING LANTANA INFESTED AREAS • Lantana infested areas to be taken up in phased manner for judicious removal of lantana to create gaps for the growth of grass and other indigenous species. Habitat improvement:
  36. 36. MAINTENANCE OF WATERHOLES •Mostly seasonal waterholes in the sanctuary other than the perennial river Cauvery. •More number of waterholes to be created for well distribution of wild animals. •Desalting of existing waterholes required for time to time before the on set of monsoon. MAINTENANCE OF SALTLICKS • Inadequate existing Saltlicks. • More number of saltlicks required to replenish the salt requirement of the wild animals. • Annual maintenance of saltlicks required.
  37. 37. Sl. No . Name of the sanctioned posts No. of posts Sanctione d No. of posts filled up Vacant as on 31-12-07 Requirement/Alrea dy operating 1. Deputy Conservator of Forests 1 1 0 0 2. Assistant conservator of Forests 1 1 0 1 3. Range Forest officer 4 4 0 1 4. Forester 5 5 0 4 5. Forest Guard 16 09 07 30 6. Forest watcher 09 06 03 74 7. Supernumerary 09 09 0 0 8. Second division surveyor 01 0 1 1 1. Superintendent 1 1 0 1 2. First Division Assistant 1 1 0 1 3. Second Division Assistant 3 2 1 6 4. Peon 1 1 0 7 5. Diver 0 0 0 8 6. Meti 0 0 0 3 7. Cleaner 0 0 0 5 8. Computer Operator 0 0 0 8 9. Night watchman 0 0 0 8 10 . Wireless operator 0 0 0 8 TOTAL 52 40 12 166 The existing staff position and requirement of additional staff
  38. 38. Office Set Up Reshuffling Good Governance & Efficient Administration require periodic shuffle Reshuffling of Ministerial Staff improves Administration Shifting within Forest Circle Deputation within Forest Circle Transfer from another Forest Circle Mutually agreeable staff shuffling District Transfer Committee Regular Shifting, shuffling, New working environment Good Working Culture
  39. 39. Reorganization chart of Cauvery Wildlife Division Deputy Conservator of Forests, Assistant Conservator of Forests- 2 Nos. FDA – 2 Nos. SDA – 4 Nos. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 2 Nos. Peons -2 Nos. Night Watchman -1 No. Range Forest Officers – 5 Nos. Superintendent – 1 No. Foresters – 9 Nos. SDS – 3 Nos. Forest Guards – 46 Nos. Forest Watchers – 92 Nos. Wireless operator -1 No.
  40. 40. Reorganization chart of Assistant conservator of Forests, Kanakapura wildlife sub division, Assistant Conservator of Forests, SDA – 1 No. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 1 No. Peons -1 No Night Watchman -1 No. Range Forest Officer - 2 Kanakapura Wildlife Range – 1 Hanur Wildlife Range - 1 Wireless Operator -1 No.
  41. 41. Reorganization chart of Assistant conservator of Forests, M.M.Hills wildlife sub division, Assistant Conservator of Forests, SDA – 1 No. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 1 No. Peons -1 No Night Watchman -1 No. Range Forest Officer - 3 Cowdally Wildlife Range -1 M.M.Hills Wildlife Range -1 Alambadi Wildlife Range -1 Wireless Operator -1 No.
  42. 42. Reorganization chart of Kanakapura Wildlife Range. Range Forest Officer SDA – 1 No. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 1 No. Peon -1 Nos. Night Watchman -1 No. Forester - 2 Nos. Forest Guards -8 Nos. Forest Watchers -16 Nos. Meti -2 Nos. Cleaner -2 Nos. Wireless operator -1 No.
  43. 43. Reorganization chart of Hanur Wildlife Range . Range Forest Officer SDA – 1 No. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 1 No. Peon -1 Nos. Night Watchman -1 No. Forester - 2 Nos. Forest Guards -11 Nos. Forest Watchers -22 Nos. Wireless Operator -1 No.
  44. 44. Reorganization chart of Cowdally Wildlife Range Range Forest Officer SDA – 1 No. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 1 No. Peon -1 No. Night Watchman -1 No. Forester - 2 Nos. Forest Guards -11 Nos. Forest Watchers -22 Nos. Wireless operator -1 No.
  45. 45. Name of the Range Proposed beats (re-organization) Name of the section Name of the Beat CPT Nos. Kanakapura Wildlife Range Muthathi Bheemeshwari Soligeri Muthathi Konanagundi Sangam Kolkote Hyra Sangam Madiwala The proposed re-organisation of the area in Kanakapura Wildlife Range
  46. 46. Hanur Wildlife Range Chikkayalur Cauvery 12,13 Rachappajinagar 14 Balagunase 15 Mastigowdanadoddi 16 Ganigamangala 17 Shaggyam Basavanakada 18,19 Shaggyam 20 Rasiboli 21,22 Berota 23,24 Basakkanahalla 25,26 Pushpapura 27,28
  47. 47. Cowdally Wildlife Range Dantalli Saviramatti 70 Arabagere 71 Kambal siddeswara 72 Jadeswamigudi 73 Dantalli 74 Kaveri Changadi 75,76 Ugania 77,78 Tekkananatha 79 Kondakurinatha 80 Tagarathala 81 Doddabalapa
  48. 48. Name of the Range Proposed beats (re-organization) Name of the section Name of the Beat CPT Nos. M.M.Hills Wildlife Range Gopinatham Yemmeguli 55 Mylumale 92 Gopinatham B 90 Gopinatham A 91 Palar Nagamalai 93 Indiganatha A 94 Indiganatha B 95 Kokkarehalla 96 Alambadi Wildlife Range Alambadi Vishweshwara 82 Bejjalane 83 Donkabavi 84 Panchalane 85 Koppuru 86 Alambadi 87 Marikottayi 88 Gowdikere 89
  49. 49. Hanur Wildlife Range Chikkayalur Cauvery 12,13 Rachappajinagar 14 Balagunase 15 Mastigowdanadoddi 16 Ganigamangala 17 Shaggyam Basavanakada 18,19 Shaggyam 20 Rasiboli 21,22 Berota 23,24 Basakkanahalla 25,26 Pushpapura 27,28
  50. 50. Name of the Range Proposed beats (re-organization) Name of the section Name of the Beat CPT Nos. Kanakapura Wildlife Range Muthathi Bheemeshwari Soligeri Muthathi Konanagundi Sangam Kolkote Hyra Sangam Madiwala The proposed re-organisation of the area in Kanakapura Wildlife Range
  51. 51. Reorganization chart of M.M.Hills Wildlife Range Range Forest Officer SDA – 1 No. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 1 No. Peon -1 Nos. Night Watchman -1 No. Forester - 2 Nos. Forest Guards - 8 Nos. Forest Watchers -16 Nos. Meti -2 Nos. Cleaner -2 Nos. Wireless operator -1 No.
  52. 52. Reorganization chart of Alambadi Wildlife Range Range Forest Officer SDA – 1 No. Driver – 1 No. Computer Operator – 1 No. Peon -1 Nos. Night Watchman -1 No. Forester - 1 Nos. Forest Guards - 8 Nos. Forest Watchers -16 Nos. Wireless operator -1 No.
  53. 53. Re-organization of area. At present there are 4 wildlife ranges in this sanctuary which are divided into 5 sections and 15 beats for administrative purposes. For better administration and management of the sanctuary the reorganization of the area in to different administrative units is proposed. Sl. No. Name of the Range Name of the Section Name of the Beat Compartment No. 1. Kanakapura Wildlife Range Muthathi Sangam -- Muthathi -- Bheemeshwari -- 2. Hanur Wildlife Range Shaggyam Shaggyam A 21, 22, 23, 24 Shaggyam B 25, 26, 27, 28 Shaggyam C 17, 18, 19, 20 Cauvery 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 3. Cowdally Wildlife Range Dantalli K. Hosur 70, 71, and 72 Changadi 73, 74, 75 and 76 Bijjalane A 77, 79, 81 and part of 78, 80 4. M.M.Hills Wildlife Range Gopinatham Gopintham 90, 91, 92 and 55 part Indigantha A 93, 94 Indiganatha B 95, 96 Alambadi Alambadi 87, 88, 89 Bejjalane B 84, 85, 86 and 83 part
  54. 54. The protected area and the interface land use situation The existing situation in the zone of influence • Eight enclosure villages inside the Sanctuary. • 30 villages are with in 5kms radius of the Sanctuary. • Human population in enclosure and surrounding villages with in 5 kms of radius of the sanctuary is estimated as 35000. • cattle population enclosure and surrounding villages. Is estimated 39000. • The local population is mainly dependent on agriculture. Hence immense biotic pressure over the sanctuary for small timber and fire wood and for grazing their cattle in the sanctuary. Enclosure villages inside sanctuary Sl. No. Name of the range Enclosure villages 1. Kanakapura Wildlife Range Muthathi, Madiwala 2. Cowdally Wildlife Range Dantally 3. M.M.Hills Wildlife Range Nagamalai, Bejjalane, Panchalane, Indiganatha, Padasalanatha Total No. of Villages inside sanctuary are – 8 Nos.

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