4 ap & job integration adaptation pwd


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4 ap & job integration adaptation pwd

  1. 1. 1 Fostering Effective Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities into the Labour Market 8 Action Plans consider Job Integration / Adaptation for Disabled Persons Alberto Cerda: Active Labour Market Measures Expert
  2. 2. 2 2 The employer should be sufficiently supported to organize workplaces ‘to take account of handicapped workers Disabilities: Workplace assessment: - will consider the task to be undertaken by disabled person. It will affect the design of the job, nature of work activities; - analyse the individual considering any specific needs with respect to disability; - work equipment, for example need of assisted technologies, whether workstations and equipment are adjusted to individual requirements; - the work environment, for example the layout of premises, lighting, access, exiting;
  3. 3. 3 3 Tips for providing reasonable accommodation and a safe workplace for disabled workers Accessibility does not just refer to access to buildings. At work, accessibility refers to the ease with which employees can use the premises, machinery, devices, tools, etc, allowing them to be as independent as possible. This applies to all disabilities, including mobility, learning, visual or hearing impairments. Many measures that are basic and inexpensive can make a significant difference.
  4. 4. 4 4 . Examples of Work-place adaptations: - adjusting premises or workstations, for example ramps; lifts; light switches; steps edged in light paint; audio or warning sounds; automatic opening devices on heavy doors; door handles, bells, entry devices reachable by wheelchair users and locatable by the visually impaired; non- slip, smooth flooring; - assigning the person to a different work area, for example ground floor to avoid stairs, work room with more access or space; - acquiring or modifying equipment, for example Braille keyboard, hands-free phone; special mouse for computer
  5. 5. 5 5 . Examples of Work-place adaptations: - modifying instructions or reference manuals, for example visual, pictorial instructions; - providing a reader or interpreter, for example providing a text-phone (minicom) for a deaf person and booking a sign language interpreter for particular meetings or occasions; -installing voice recognition software on a computer for someone who has visual impairment; - ensuring good lighting for the visually impaired
  6. 6. 6 6 . Signposting - considering things that can be done which will help a visually impaired person find their way around (e.g. colour contrasts in furniture, carpets, walls and doorways or indents in the floor covering); - providing notices in large clear print so that people who are partially sighted can see them clearly; - providing Braille, tactile and large print signs by door handles; - giving signs a matt finish to avoid reflection.
  7. 7. 7 . Work organization and duties: - allocating some of the disabled person’s duties to another person, for example driving; Working hours: - altering working hours, including part- time if appropriate, for example to enable the disabled person to travel outside rush hours; allowing absence for rehabilitation, assessment or treatment; training: organizing a phased return to work.
  8. 8. 8 8 . Training and supervision: taking measures to ensure that a disabled person is not disadvantaged in regard to health and safety training, instruction and information, for example by: - altering the time or location of training; - providing course materials and information in a different medium; - providing a reader or interpreter; - providing individual, tailored training;
  9. 9. 9 9 . - providing managers and staff with any specific information and training they need in how to support a worker with a disability. - Training will be needed for those with a role to support the evacuation of disabled workers in an emergency, including in the use of any special evacuation equipment.
  10. 10. 10 10 . ; Emergency procedures: Many measures to improve workplace accessibility will also facilitate evacuation. ✓- Is there a need to locate disabled workers to parts of the building where they can leave the building more easily? ✓ - Is any special equipment needed, such as an evacuation chair? Make a trial of equipment before purchase, give training in its use and ensure it is maintained
  11. 11. 11 11 In the event of emergencies: - are specific members of staff designated to alert and assist employees with visual impairments or others who have mobility problems (evacuation assistants)? - are visual or vibrating alerting devices provided to supplement audible alarms? - do routes and procedures take account of the potentially slower movement of people with disabilities? - are all disabled people familiar with escape routes and provided with instructions and training in safety procedures? ;
  12. 12. 12 12 Consulting workers Consultation with workers and their representatives over health and safety is a legal requirement. Their participation is also fundamental to effective risk prevention, as they have knowledge and experience of the work situation, providing employers with a ‘reality check’. If employers take steps without consulting disabled workers themselves, they may miss important information and disabled workers may have different, but relevant experiences to take into account. For the same reasons, disabled people and worker representatives should be involved in the process ;
  13. 13. 13 13 THANK YOU Alberto Cerda: ALM expert acerdamico@yahoo.es This document SHOULD be available in alternative formats such as Braille, audiotape, on disk or as a pdf on request.