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Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behaviour


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Porta, M. & Loureiro, A. (2012). Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behaviour. Workshop dinamizado na 8th Joint Summer School on Technology Enhanced Learning 2012 - 21 Maio de 2012, Estoril, Portugal - uma iniciativa da STELLAR Network of Excellence in Technology Enhanced Learning and European Association of Technology Enhanced Learning (EATEL).

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Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behaviour

  1. 1. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and BehaviorBy: Marcela PORTA & Ana LOUREIRO
  2. 2. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior INTRODUCTION This workshop intends to answer to some of the demands from previous summerschools in which students pointed out the need to understand general procedures of: · Writing a thesis related to TEL; · Timing and constraints to finish their Ph.D.; · How to proceed with “the writing and the requisites” after finishing investigating; · What students need to do in order to conclude their Ph.D.? · What is the correct way to react, if things run differently from what was planned? OUTCOMEAt the end of this workshop the student will have a clear idea of different facts about theprocedure to conclude a Ph.D. work, also some timing schedule and a preliminaryproposition of the index of their own thesis.
  3. 3. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior Choosing a Ph.D. subject on TEL What is TEL?
  4. 4. Despite of the current development of TEL in the education sector andsupported by Klamma et al.: “It is extremely challenging to get an overview of the state-of-the-art intechnology enhanced learning in Europe. Rapid technological and pedagogicalinnovations, constantly changing markets, a vivid number of small and mediumenterprises, complex policy processes, ongoing political and societal debates onthe pros and cons of technology enhanced leaning, combined with manylanguages and different cultures, make it almost impossible for people to beinformed” (2006, p.242)
  5. 5. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior Choosing a Ph.D. subject on TEL What is TEL? According to Tchounikine et al.: “Technology-enhanced learning (TEL) is a research arena where differentdisciplines such as computer science, education, psychology, philosophy, pedagogyand communication intersect” (2009, p.275)Recently, Balacheff (2011) affirmed that:“TEL is the place where disciplines collaborate with the possibility of creatingoriginal models, concepts, methods and may be stimulating the emergence of newtheories”.
  6. 6. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior Ph.D., Research Work, Investigation and Thesis A Ph.D. concerns the preparation of a professional after a Mastersdegree, in which the student is expected to conclude a research orinvestigation. By conclude, we mean: a) selecting a subject, 2) includingin a state of the art everything that has been said about the same orrelated subjects, 3) provide a contribution related to that subject. As afinal project report, a thesis is redacted and the subject is approved by ajury. Because of this, the originality of the contribution must be the pillarof the research work; hence, the objective of the investigation should beclear from the very beginning.
  7. 7. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior General directions to write your thesis In general an EU Ph.D. requires - The assistance of a tutor (Professor) - A suitable research subject with objectives - Additional skills: • reading academic texts • academic writing • academic lectures • project development and project management Specifically an EU Ph.D. requires FRANCE: 3 years, 3 publications, 240 credits (one summer school = 80) SPAIN: 3 - 4 years, 3 certified journal publications, pensum classes PORTUGAL: 3 - 4 years (pensum classes - 1 year, publications areencouraged but not mandatory) GERMANY: 4 years graduates and 2 Masters’. Publication is mandatory but depends on the tutors. …
  8. 8. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior Ph.D. steps to graduate (Publications,training, investigation, collaborations, writing) Research Publication Training Collaboration Writing
  9. 9. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior Writing a Thesis: Index and explanation of the content Title Abstract Introduction State of the art Investigation - Hypothesis Qualitative - Objective Quantitative - Methodology Delphi - Target … - Results Contributions Conclusions Future Work Bibliography (APA) Annex
  10. 10. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior What to do after finishing writing- Reviews- Corrections- Jury (co-work in advance)- Organisation- Administration- PARTY
  11. 11. Ph.D. Methodology, Procedures and Behavior Ethics in a PHD and what happen when things turn wrong!- Watch your attitude!- Involve yourself in the projects. You will be surprise how much you will learn.- How many publications do I need?- How many references do I need?- Learn English- Improve your presentation skills- Go to workshop 16:00-17:30 Basics of Paper Writing and Publishing in TEL - Part 1 (Derntl, Kravcik, Klamma)