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Results of the
Access to Seeds Index 2019
Rome, 28 May 2019
Access to Seeds Index: encouraging the seed industry to make
the benefits of plant breeding accessible for smallholder farmers
• Initiated by The Netherlands in
2012
• Officially launched at 38th FAO
Ministers Conference in 2013
• First Access to Seeds Index
(2015) covered 26 companies
• Second edition (2019) covers
60 companies across 65 countries
UN Agencies: numbers of people suffering from malnutrition are on
the rise, because of effects of climate change on agriculture
Number of undernourished people
2005-2017 (millions)
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1 2 3 4 5 6
World:
on the rise
Asia:
standstill
Africa:
on the rise
Latin America:
standstill
UN agencies
• Help farmers to adapt to climate change
• Improve access to new crop varieties
Farmer Roundtables 2016: “Climate changes drives our growing need for
improved seed; we need to partner with seed companies”
Western and
Central Africa
South and
Southeast Asia
Eastern and
Southern Africa
Hanoi, Vietnam, August 2016 Ouagadougou, October 2016 Johannesburg, October 2016
Landscaping
Improve transparency of the industry
Partnerships
Help to create public-private partnerships
Dialogue
Provide an evidence base for dialogue
Benchmark
Reward leadership, encourage improvements
Objectives of the
Access to Seeds Index
November 2018
South and
Southeast Asia
Eastern &
Southern Africa
Latin
America
Western &
Central Africa
South &
Southeast Asia
March 2019
Eastern &
Southern Africa
April 2019
Western &
Central Africa
The Access to Seeds Index 2019 evaluated strategies and activities
of 60 leading seed companies in three regions
January 2019
Global seed
companies in all
four regions
The Index assesses company activities
in seven areas, developed with 25 experts from all regions
10%
10%
10%
20%
10%
20%
20%
Governance & Strategy
Genetic Resources
Intellectual Property
Research & Development
Seed Production
Marketing & Sales
Capacity Building
Commitment
20%
Performance
60%
Leadership
10%
Transparency
10%
The long tail of the seed industry: a small group of global leaders
and a long tail of smaller, regional, seed companies
• Monsanto*
• Corteva
• Syngenta
• Bayer*
• KWS
• Limagrain
Seed revenue
> 1 billion USD
• Rijk Zwaan
• Sakata
• Advanta
Seed revenue
around 500 million
• Bejo
• East-West Seed
• Seed Co
• NSC India
• Nuziveedu Seeds
Seed revenue
300-100 million
Seed revenues 35 leading seed companies in Access to Seeds Index
12
10
08
06
04
02
*Before merger
Largest comp. from
• Niger
• Ethiopia
• Vietnam
• Somalia
• Mali
Seed revenue
< 1 million
Billion USD
1 East-West Seed
(THA-Private)
2 Bayer
(DEU-Listed)
3 Syngenta
(CHE-Private)
4 Advanta
(ARE-Listed)
5 Corteva Agriscience
(USA - Listed)
6 Acsen HyVeg
(IND-Private)
7 Namdhari Seeds
(IND-Private)
8 Limagrain
(FRA-Cooperative/Listed)
9 Nuziveedu Seeds
(IND-Private)
10 Monsanto
(USA-Listed)
11 BRAC Seed & Agro Enterprise
(BGD-Social Enterprise)
12 Metahelix Life Sciences Ltd
(IND-Listed)
13 Lal Teer Seed
(BGD-Listed)
14 Kalash Seed
(IND-Private)
15 Known-You Seed
(TWN-Private)
16 Vinaseed
(VNM-Listed)
17 Charoen Pokphand
(THA-Private)
18 Takii
(JPN-Private)
19 Mahyco
(IND-Private)
20 Sakata
(JPN-Listed)
21 National Seeds Corporation
(IND-State-owned)
22 Punjab Seed Corporation
(PAK-State-owned)
23 Nongwoo Bio
(KOR-Listed)
24 Bioseed
(IND-Private)
Source: Access to Seeds Index 2019
1 East African Seed
(KEN-Private)
2 Seed Co
(ZAF-Listed)
3 East-West Seed
(THA-Private)
4 Corteva Agriscience
(USA-Listed)
5 Syngenta
(CHE - Private)
6 Victoria Seeds
(UGA-Private)
7 NASECO
(UGA-Private)
8 Equator Seeds
(UGA-Private)
9 Ethiopian Agricultural
Business Corporation
(ETH-State owned)
10 FICA Seeds
(UGA-Private)
11 Technisem
(FRA-Private)
12 Pop Vriend Seeds
(NLD-Private)
13 Demeter Seed
(MWI-Private)
14 Kenya Seed Company
(KEN-Private)
15 Monsanto*
(USA-Listed)
16 Kenya Highland Seed
(KEN-Private)
17 Capstone Seeds
(ZAF-Private)
18 Klein Karoo Africa
(ZAF-Private)
19 Zamseed
(ZAM-Private)
20 Darusalam Seed Company
(SOM-Private)
21 Starke Ayres
(ZAF-Private)
22 Hygrotech
(ZAF-Private)
1 Value Seeds
(NGA-Private)
2.85
2.52
2.48
2.39
2.21
2.15
2.11
2.11
1.97
1.82
1.82
1.57
2 Technisem
(FRA-Private)
3 East-West Seed
(THA-Private)
4 Syngenta
(CHE-Private)
5 Tropicasem
(SEN - Private)
6 Maslaha Seeds
(NGA-Private)
7 Seed Co
(ZAF-Listed)
8 Semagri
(CMR-Private)
9 Nankosem
(USA-Listed)
10 Corteva Agriscience
(UGA-Private)
11 Premier Seed
(NGA-Private)
12 Da-Allgreen Seeds
(NGA-Private)
0 1 2 3 4 5
South and Southeast Asia:
• 5 Global companies in top 10;
• 5 from region (three from India)
Eastern & Southern Africa:
• 2 regional companies lead,
• 7 from region in top 10
Western & Central Africa:
• Nigerian comp. leads ranking;
• 5 from the region in top 10
Rankings demonstrate the key role of regional
companies for improving access to seeds
South and Southeast Asia: a strong research-driven industry,
releasing new varieties into the market
Global
companies
22
9
1 2 38
66
53
Regional
companies
Less than three years
Between three and five years
More than five years
Less than three years
Between three and five years
More than five years
Age of youngest variety (%)
12
23
65
Global
companies
Regional
companies
5
23
73
Own breeding
Other companies
Public research
Own breeding
Other companies
Public research
Breeding source (%)
Source: Key findings, Access to Seeds Index for South and Southeast Asia 2019
Over 60% of varieties result from
companies’ own breeding program
125
23
Breeding source (%)
22
9
Age of youngest variety (%)
For over 50% of portfolio youngest
variety is released in past three years
South and Southeast Asia: companies reach only 20% of
smallholders; adoption strategies focus on few countries
Country
India
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
Cambodia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Laos
Nepal
Afghanistan
Companies
15
9
8
6
6
5
3
3
3
3
1
1
0
South and
Southeast Asia
Number of companies
with capacity building
activities
6
9
10
12
15
15
16
17
17
18
18
20
15
21
Myanmar
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Laos
Nepal
Afghanistan
Number of companies with capacity building programs
Number of companies present
3
3
3
1
1
0
India
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
Cambodia
9
8
6
6
5
3
Sales is often not
accompanied by
capacity building
Source: Key findings, Access to Seeds Index for South and Southeast Asia 2019
Eastern and Southern Africa: Maize considered main crop in most
company portfolios, hybrids increasingly available
Crops and seed types found
in company portfolios
Hybrid OPV
Beans, dry
Soybean
Cowpea
Groundnut
Pigeon pea
Chickpea
Maize
Sorghum
Sunflower
Millets
Rice
Wheat
Sesame
Vegetables Field crops
Legumes
15
13
5
0
5
0
14
12
10
8
5
2
8
0
1
7
6
4
8
11
Tomato
Cabbage
Watermelon
Pepper (sweet)
Onion
Cucumber
Pepper (hot)
Carrot
Squash
Cauliflower
Pumpkin
Melon
Eggplant
Okra
Gourd
Lettuce
Green bean
Green pea
17
14
10
7
4
10
9
9
7
11
12
1
11
0
9
0
9
14
2
2
16
13
16
13
13
12
12
14
14
11
10
11
9
10
11
12
Crops found in company portfolios
Vegetables Field crops
Legumes
Tomato
Onion
Cabbage
Watermelon
Pepper (hot)
Pepper (sweet)
Carrot
Eggplant
Pumpkin
Okra
Cucumber
Lettuce
Melon
Cauliflower
Squash
Green bean
Green pea
Gourd
14 5
14 5
13 5
13 5
13 5
12 5
12 5
12 5
12 5
11 5
10 5
10 5
9 5
9 5
9 5
9 5
9 3
2 3
Maize
Sorghum
Millets
Rice
Sunflower
Wheat
Sesame
Potato
Soybean
Dry Beans
Groundnut
Cowpea
Pigeon pea
Chickpea
13 3
13 3
8 2
7 2
7 1
1
5 3
5
1 2
11 3
10 2
9 1
7 3
1
15
2
Global companies
Regional companies
Source: Key Findings, Access to Seeds Index for Eastern and Southern Africa 2019
Eastern and Southern Africa: Breeding focus is primarily on
maize, majority of varieties on offer are over three years old
Number of companies with
breeding programs for crops
Maize
Beans, dry
Soybean
Tomato
Sorghum
Wheat
Onion
Watermelon
Pumpkin
Okra
Pepper (hot)
Pepper (sweet)
Green bean
11
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
Field crop
Legumes
Vegetable
Source: Key Findings, Access to Seeds Index for Eastern and Southern Africa 2019
Age of youngest variety (%)
Less than three years
Between three and five years
More than five years
Less than three years
Between three and five years
More than five years
Global
companies
Regional
companies
29
39
32
61
20
20
Age of
youngest
variety (% )
21
31
48
12
88
Source of
varieties
Western and Central Africa: only seven companies from the
region are involved in breeding, resulting in outdated portfolio
Only 12% of portfolio of
regional companies is
result of own breeding
Almost 50% of portfolio
of regional companies
older than 5 years
Source: Access to Seeds Index for Western and Central Africa 2019
From African continent From outside the continent
Seed industry covers nearly all countries;
companies and cooperatives from region hardly cross borders
Origin of homegrown
seed companies
Presence global seed
companies
Presence seed-producing
cooperatives
Source: www.accesstoseeds.org/publications
Companies
16
14
13
12
12
11
11
8
7
6
6
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
F ebru ary, 2 0 1 8
Landscaping study for the
R eg ional Access to Seeds Index
for Western & Central Africa
Coordinated under the supervision of
Mr. Yacouba Diallo, Bamako, Mali
Commissioned by the Access to Seeds
Foundation
Identifying Leading Seed
Companies in Western and
Central Africa
January 2 0 1 9
Bridg ing the g apbetween the
world’s leading seed companies
and the smallholder farmer
Access to Seeds
Index 2019
Global Seed
Companies
Main take-outs
South and Southeast Asia
• Mature regional seed industry,
investing heavily in breeding
• OPVs and legumes overlooked
• Lack of adoption strategies in
many countries
Eastern and Southern Africa
• Emerging regional seed industry
• Breeding primarily focused on
maize
• Hybridization advancing
Source: Access to Seeds Index 2019
Western and Central Africa
• Upcoming homegrown
potential
• Lack of breeding, resulting
in outdated portfolio
• Emphazis on OPVs
Main findings genetic resources
Benefit sharing
• Growing support for subscription model among globals
• Hardly at radar screen of regional companies
Use
• Concentration of breeding on handful of crops
• Larger companies lose interest in local crops, legumes, OPVs
Conservation
• Companies maintain a working collection for breeding
• Not sharing information or making it available
www.accesstoseeds.org

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Results of the 2019 Access to Seeds Index for International Treaty on Genetic Resources

  • 1. Results of the Access to Seeds Index 2019 Rome, 28 May 2019
  • 2. Access to Seeds Index: encouraging the seed industry to make the benefits of plant breeding accessible for smallholder farmers • Initiated by The Netherlands in 2012 • Officially launched at 38th FAO Ministers Conference in 2013 • First Access to Seeds Index (2015) covered 26 companies • Second edition (2019) covers 60 companies across 65 countries
  • 3. UN Agencies: numbers of people suffering from malnutrition are on the rise, because of effects of climate change on agriculture Number of undernourished people 2005-2017 (millions) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1 2 3 4 5 6 World: on the rise Asia: standstill Africa: on the rise Latin America: standstill UN agencies • Help farmers to adapt to climate change • Improve access to new crop varieties
  • 4. Farmer Roundtables 2016: “Climate changes drives our growing need for improved seed; we need to partner with seed companies” Western and Central Africa South and Southeast Asia Eastern and Southern Africa Hanoi, Vietnam, August 2016 Ouagadougou, October 2016 Johannesburg, October 2016
  • 5. Landscaping Improve transparency of the industry Partnerships Help to create public-private partnerships Dialogue Provide an evidence base for dialogue Benchmark Reward leadership, encourage improvements Objectives of the Access to Seeds Index
  • 6. November 2018 South and Southeast Asia Eastern & Southern Africa Latin America Western & Central Africa South & Southeast Asia March 2019 Eastern & Southern Africa April 2019 Western & Central Africa The Access to Seeds Index 2019 evaluated strategies and activities of 60 leading seed companies in three regions January 2019 Global seed companies in all four regions
  • 7. The Index assesses company activities in seven areas, developed with 25 experts from all regions 10% 10% 10% 20% 10% 20% 20% Governance & Strategy Genetic Resources Intellectual Property Research & Development Seed Production Marketing & Sales Capacity Building Commitment 20% Performance 60% Leadership 10% Transparency 10%
  • 8. The long tail of the seed industry: a small group of global leaders and a long tail of smaller, regional, seed companies • Monsanto* • Corteva • Syngenta • Bayer* • KWS • Limagrain Seed revenue > 1 billion USD • Rijk Zwaan • Sakata • Advanta Seed revenue around 500 million • Bejo • East-West Seed • Seed Co • NSC India • Nuziveedu Seeds Seed revenue 300-100 million Seed revenues 35 leading seed companies in Access to Seeds Index 12 10 08 06 04 02 *Before merger Largest comp. from • Niger • Ethiopia • Vietnam • Somalia • Mali Seed revenue < 1 million Billion USD
  • 9. 1 East-West Seed (THA-Private) 2 Bayer (DEU-Listed) 3 Syngenta (CHE-Private) 4 Advanta (ARE-Listed) 5 Corteva Agriscience (USA - Listed) 6 Acsen HyVeg (IND-Private) 7 Namdhari Seeds (IND-Private) 8 Limagrain (FRA-Cooperative/Listed) 9 Nuziveedu Seeds (IND-Private) 10 Monsanto (USA-Listed) 11 BRAC Seed & Agro Enterprise (BGD-Social Enterprise) 12 Metahelix Life Sciences Ltd (IND-Listed) 13 Lal Teer Seed (BGD-Listed) 14 Kalash Seed (IND-Private) 15 Known-You Seed (TWN-Private) 16 Vinaseed (VNM-Listed) 17 Charoen Pokphand (THA-Private) 18 Takii (JPN-Private) 19 Mahyco (IND-Private) 20 Sakata (JPN-Listed) 21 National Seeds Corporation (IND-State-owned) 22 Punjab Seed Corporation (PAK-State-owned) 23 Nongwoo Bio (KOR-Listed) 24 Bioseed (IND-Private) Source: Access to Seeds Index 2019 1 East African Seed (KEN-Private) 2 Seed Co (ZAF-Listed) 3 East-West Seed (THA-Private) 4 Corteva Agriscience (USA-Listed) 5 Syngenta (CHE - Private) 6 Victoria Seeds (UGA-Private) 7 NASECO (UGA-Private) 8 Equator Seeds (UGA-Private) 9 Ethiopian Agricultural Business Corporation (ETH-State owned) 10 FICA Seeds (UGA-Private) 11 Technisem (FRA-Private) 12 Pop Vriend Seeds (NLD-Private) 13 Demeter Seed (MWI-Private) 14 Kenya Seed Company (KEN-Private) 15 Monsanto* (USA-Listed) 16 Kenya Highland Seed (KEN-Private) 17 Capstone Seeds (ZAF-Private) 18 Klein Karoo Africa (ZAF-Private) 19 Zamseed (ZAM-Private) 20 Darusalam Seed Company (SOM-Private) 21 Starke Ayres (ZAF-Private) 22 Hygrotech (ZAF-Private) 1 Value Seeds (NGA-Private) 2.85 2.52 2.48 2.39 2.21 2.15 2.11 2.11 1.97 1.82 1.82 1.57 2 Technisem (FRA-Private) 3 East-West Seed (THA-Private) 4 Syngenta (CHE-Private) 5 Tropicasem (SEN - Private) 6 Maslaha Seeds (NGA-Private) 7 Seed Co (ZAF-Listed) 8 Semagri (CMR-Private) 9 Nankosem (USA-Listed) 10 Corteva Agriscience (UGA-Private) 11 Premier Seed (NGA-Private) 12 Da-Allgreen Seeds (NGA-Private) 0 1 2 3 4 5 South and Southeast Asia: • 5 Global companies in top 10; • 5 from region (three from India) Eastern & Southern Africa: • 2 regional companies lead, • 7 from region in top 10 Western & Central Africa: • Nigerian comp. leads ranking; • 5 from the region in top 10 Rankings demonstrate the key role of regional companies for improving access to seeds
  • 10. South and Southeast Asia: a strong research-driven industry, releasing new varieties into the market Global companies 22 9 1 2 38 66 53 Regional companies Less than three years Between three and five years More than five years Less than three years Between three and five years More than five years Age of youngest variety (%) 12 23 65 Global companies Regional companies 5 23 73 Own breeding Other companies Public research Own breeding Other companies Public research Breeding source (%) Source: Key findings, Access to Seeds Index for South and Southeast Asia 2019 Over 60% of varieties result from companies’ own breeding program 125 23 Breeding source (%) 22 9 Age of youngest variety (%) For over 50% of portfolio youngest variety is released in past three years
  • 11. South and Southeast Asia: companies reach only 20% of smallholders; adoption strategies focus on few countries Country India Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Thailand Vietnam Cambodia Myanmar Pakistan Sri Lanka Laos Nepal Afghanistan Companies 15 9 8 6 6 5 3 3 3 3 1 1 0 South and Southeast Asia Number of companies with capacity building activities 6 9 10 12 15 15 16 17 17 18 18 20 15 21 Myanmar Pakistan Sri Lanka Laos Nepal Afghanistan Number of companies with capacity building programs Number of companies present 3 3 3 1 1 0 India Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Thailand Vietnam Cambodia 9 8 6 6 5 3 Sales is often not accompanied by capacity building Source: Key findings, Access to Seeds Index for South and Southeast Asia 2019
  • 12. Eastern and Southern Africa: Maize considered main crop in most company portfolios, hybrids increasingly available Crops and seed types found in company portfolios Hybrid OPV Beans, dry Soybean Cowpea Groundnut Pigeon pea Chickpea Maize Sorghum Sunflower Millets Rice Wheat Sesame Vegetables Field crops Legumes 15 13 5 0 5 0 14 12 10 8 5 2 8 0 1 7 6 4 8 11 Tomato Cabbage Watermelon Pepper (sweet) Onion Cucumber Pepper (hot) Carrot Squash Cauliflower Pumpkin Melon Eggplant Okra Gourd Lettuce Green bean Green pea 17 14 10 7 4 10 9 9 7 11 12 1 11 0 9 0 9 14 2 2 16 13 16 13 13 12 12 14 14 11 10 11 9 10 11 12 Crops found in company portfolios Vegetables Field crops Legumes Tomato Onion Cabbage Watermelon Pepper (hot) Pepper (sweet) Carrot Eggplant Pumpkin Okra Cucumber Lettuce Melon Cauliflower Squash Green bean Green pea Gourd 14 5 14 5 13 5 13 5 13 5 12 5 12 5 12 5 12 5 11 5 10 5 10 5 9 5 9 5 9 5 9 5 9 3 2 3 Maize Sorghum Millets Rice Sunflower Wheat Sesame Potato Soybean Dry Beans Groundnut Cowpea Pigeon pea Chickpea 13 3 13 3 8 2 7 2 7 1 1 5 3 5 1 2 11 3 10 2 9 1 7 3 1 15 2 Global companies Regional companies Source: Key Findings, Access to Seeds Index for Eastern and Southern Africa 2019
  • 13. Eastern and Southern Africa: Breeding focus is primarily on maize, majority of varieties on offer are over three years old Number of companies with breeding programs for crops Maize Beans, dry Soybean Tomato Sorghum Wheat Onion Watermelon Pumpkin Okra Pepper (hot) Pepper (sweet) Green bean 11 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 Field crop Legumes Vegetable Source: Key Findings, Access to Seeds Index for Eastern and Southern Africa 2019 Age of youngest variety (%) Less than three years Between three and five years More than five years Less than three years Between three and five years More than five years Global companies Regional companies 29 39 32 61 20 20
  • 14. Age of youngest variety (% ) 21 31 48 12 88 Source of varieties Western and Central Africa: only seven companies from the region are involved in breeding, resulting in outdated portfolio Only 12% of portfolio of regional companies is result of own breeding Almost 50% of portfolio of regional companies older than 5 years Source: Access to Seeds Index for Western and Central Africa 2019 From African continent From outside the continent
  • 15. Seed industry covers nearly all countries; companies and cooperatives from region hardly cross borders Origin of homegrown seed companies Presence global seed companies Presence seed-producing cooperatives Source: www.accesstoseeds.org/publications Companies 16 14 13 12 12 11 11 8 7 6 6 6 5 5 4 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 F ebru ary, 2 0 1 8 Landscaping study for the R eg ional Access to Seeds Index for Western & Central Africa Coordinated under the supervision of Mr. Yacouba Diallo, Bamako, Mali Commissioned by the Access to Seeds Foundation Identifying Leading Seed Companies in Western and Central Africa January 2 0 1 9 Bridg ing the g apbetween the world’s leading seed companies and the smallholder farmer Access to Seeds Index 2019 Global Seed Companies
  • 16. Main take-outs South and Southeast Asia • Mature regional seed industry, investing heavily in breeding • OPVs and legumes overlooked • Lack of adoption strategies in many countries Eastern and Southern Africa • Emerging regional seed industry • Breeding primarily focused on maize • Hybridization advancing Source: Access to Seeds Index 2019 Western and Central Africa • Upcoming homegrown potential • Lack of breeding, resulting in outdated portfolio • Emphazis on OPVs
  • 17. Main findings genetic resources Benefit sharing • Growing support for subscription model among globals • Hardly at radar screen of regional companies Use • Concentration of breeding on handful of crops • Larger companies lose interest in local crops, legumes, OPVs Conservation • Companies maintain a working collection for breeding • Not sharing information or making it available