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How is the seed industry contributing to smallholder farmer productivity


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Presentatie for the 'Seed Security for Food Security' Seminar, side event of the World Food Prize / Borlaug Dialog 2017. Des Moines, Iowa, 17 October 2017

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How is the seed industry contributing to smallholder farmer productivity

  1. 1. How is the seed industry contributing to smallholder farmer productivity? Des Moines, 17 October 2017
  2. 2. Private sector engagment is seen as crucial for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030
  3. 3. Multiple industry benchmarks track industry performance on the SDG-agenda
  4. 4. A growing global coalition to track and boost company performance towards the Sustainable Development Goals Selection of founding partners, donors and allies, see Investors and banking Global community Civil Society Business community Governments
  5. 5. Improving smallholder farmer productivity is now seen as one of the most important targets on the SDG agenda
  6. 6. The yearly Goalkeepers Report tracks progress on 18 indicators included in the SDGs fundamental to people’s health and wellbeing…
  7. 7. …but on the most important indicator for agriculture – smallholder productivity – it lacks relevant data
  8. 8. Create transparency on current activities to clarify and understand the role of the seed industry Provide an evidence base to the conversation on where and how the seed industry can step up its efforts Encourage seed companies to step up efforts guided by a multi-stakeholder agenda and inspiration from peers Help identify private sector partners based on insights in strengths, portfolio, presence Objectives of the Access to Seeds Index
  9. 9. The Access to Seeds Index is developed in an Index Cycle to monitor progress and refine methodology Index Development Consultations & Dialogue Methodology development Farmer Roundtable Ouagadougou, October 2016 Regional Expert Review Committees 2016 Access to Seeds Index
  10. 10. Only a small proportion of seed currently used by smallholder farmers in sub- Saharan Africa comes directly from seed companies 3% Bought (formal sector, certified) From agrodealers / companies 5% Other 61% Bought (informal sector) On local markets, from neighbours 31% Farm saved seeds Sources of seeds used by smallholder farmers Averages for Sub-Saharan Africa (Source: Catholic Relief Services, 2015)
  11. 11. To develop the methodology for the first Access to Seeds Index, five questions needed to be addressed What is Access to Seeds? Which crops are relevant for smallholders? Which companies to include in the evaluation? What do we expect from those companies? In which regions are smallholder farmers active?  
  12. 12. Farmer consultations resulted in a definition of ‘Access to Seeds’ with six dimensions  
  13. 13. Three indicators were used to determine the geographic scope: (1) smallholder presence, (2) food insecurity, (3) agricultural potential Latin America Western Africa Eastern Africa South and Southeast Asia  
  14. 14. The Index focuses on food crops: the main field and vegetable crops in the four regions, based on area harvested Field crops Vegetables  
  15. 15. The Access to Seeds Index focuses on three groups of leading companies in the seed industry Global leaders field crops Global leaders vegetable seed Regional leaders National, niche, cooperatives   Revenues Number of companies
  16. 16. Seven measurement areas Each with four types of indicators • Commitment • Performance • Transparency • Innovation Weighted scorecard approach Total score is sum of weighted indicator scores in all areas Relative ranking Comparing companies with each other, not to an ideal state The Index assesses company activities in seven areas, based on stakeholder expectations  
  17. 17. Global seed companies are active in all regions, with a clear gap in West Africa
  18. 18. Industry benchmarks showed clear differences in current commitments and performance of companies
  19. 19. Regional seed companies play a key role in reaching the smallholder farmer Presence regional companies Presence global companies
  20. 20. Global seed companies work on a broad crop porfolio, further complemented by regional seed companies
  21. 21. Availability Mobile seed shops to reach local markets Victoria Seeds Uganda Autonomy Marketing affordable OPV varieties Kenya Seed Company Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda Profitability Connecting farmers to output markets DuPont Pioneer Ethiopia Suitability Breeding station for local crops and varieties RijkZwaan East-West Seed Tanzania Best practices: the Index identified practical examples of company activities in all dimensions of ‘access’ Affordability Seed insurance against weather risks Syngenta Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda Capability Education programs throughout the region and tracking number of smallholders reached Seed Co Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  22. 22. Regional seed companies in general do not have their own breeding programs for vegetables
  23. 23. Findings of the first Access to Seeds Index have triggered debates and policy makers Media exposure in over 200 outlets worldwide Ongoing dialogue with farmers, companies, governments Responses by policy makers and regulators
  24. 24. For the 2018 Index will also include regional benchmarks for West Africa and Asia
  25. 25. All the data is added to the public domain and freely available via our reports and website W E
  26. 26.