Native Americans are the indigenous peoples of North America.
Native Americans lived in six different regions. There were hundreds of different tribes, each with linguistic and cultural differences.
These Indians lived in forests and their food, shelter, clothing and weapons came from the forests around them. They built their homes (rectangular homes called longhouses) and canoes from wood.
The Plains Indians lived on the Great Plains of North America. Some tribes were nomadic, which meant that they moved from place to play following herds of buffalo. Other tribes were semi-sedentary. They lived in villages, hunted buffalo and raised crops. Much of their clothes and homes were made from bison skins. They were known for their equestrian skills and they used to horse to follow buffalo herds and for hunting.
The Northwest Coastal Indians were maritime people who derived their livelihood from the sea. They knew the ocean and its resources and caught enough fish during the summer to feed themselves for the whole winter. Some tribes hunted whales. They usually lived along the coast during the summer months and moved to a more protected area for the winter. They used wood to build their homes, canoes and totem poles.
The Arctic Indians lived in a very cold climate. They hunted whale and sea lions and used whale bones for weapons such as spears and knives. They wore parkas, gloves and boots made from caribou hides.
Tribes in the Southwest built their homes high on the side of cliffs to protect themselves from the enemy. Farming was their main occupation and they planted their crops on the tops of mesas (big, flat rocks). They made many beautiful pieces of art including pottery made out of clay, baskets and Kachina dolls.
Each cultural group used the natural resources in its region to meet its needs. How is this demonstrated in the different types of homes built and transportation methods used by culture groups?
Native Americans powerpoint
Native Americans A presentation by: Sarah Knight and Brittany Mullett for the Access Program November, 2011
Eastern The Native Americans on the East coast were fishermen and farmers. They were the first to encounter many of the Europeans who came to settle in the new world.
Plains Tribes in the plains, the middle of North America, largely hunted bison. They were famous for their encounters with pioneers in the 1800’s sparking many long wars.
Northwestern The peoples of the Pacific Northwest were fishermen. They lived in longhouses designed to keep them dry from the rain. Totem Poles were a traditional art practiced.
Arctic Alaskan Natives made their clothes and homes to battle the cold temperatures. Ice fishing and snowshoeing were common in the winter.
Southwestern Southwestern Native Americans made their homes and pots out of clay. They are also famous for making colorful jewelry.
Beliefs and Values <ul><li>Strong connection to nature - using resources from Mother Earth in moderation </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for elders </li></ul><ul><li>Code of Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Land is not property to be owned by one, but a resource to be shared with all. </li></ul>All things share the same breath - the beast, the tree, the man, the air shares its spirit with all the life it supports. Chief Seattle
Code of Ethics <ul><li>Respect all things that are placed upon this earth—whether it be people, animal or plant. Honor the Spirit in all things. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature is not for us, it is a part of us. They are part of your worldly family. </li></ul><ul><li>Children are the seeds of our future. Plant love in their hearts and water them with wisdom and life’s lessons. When they are grown, give them space to grow. </li></ul><ul><li>Be true to yourself first. You cannot nurture and help others if you cannot nurture and help yourself first. </li></ul><ul><li>Respect others religious beliefs. Do not force your belief on others. </li></ul><ul><li>Share your good fortune with others. Participate in charity. Be willing to give back to the people, so that People will live. </li></ul><ul><li>Be truthful at all times. Honesty is the test of ones will within this universe. </li></ul><ul><li>Treat the guests in your home with much consideration. Serve them the best food, give them the best bed and treat them with respect and honor. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not take what is not yours whether from a person, a community, the wilderness or from a culture. It was not earned nor given. It is not yours. </li></ul>
Fun Facts Native Americans invented lacrosse, a sport now played internationally. Another invention was the toboggan which is a favorite winter pastime. The U.S. one dollar coin features Sacagawea, a famous native american woman.