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Using Taxonomies to Create People Directories and Author Networks


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A discussion of the role of taxonomies in developing tools to organize and discover information about people. Presented by Bert Carelli as part of the Special Libraries Association’s “Leveraging Your Taxonomy” series.

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Using Taxonomies to Create People Directories and Author Networks

  1. 1. Using Taxonomies to Create People Directories and Author Networks Bert Carelli, Vice President Business Development
  2. 2. Goals and Agenda  Why is it important right now that we develop better resources about people?  What roles can taxonomies play in this effort?  What opportunities are being created for knowledge discovery and collaboration?  What broad initiatives and technologies should we be aware of?
  3. 3. Access Innovations Background  Founded 1978: more taxonomies built than any other company worldwide  Thought leaders and educators in taxonomy standards  Data Harmony Software: field tested, battle hardened, award winning software "Cut search time 50%." The Weather Channel "7-fold productivity increase" - ProQuest CSA
  4. 4. The Semantic Roadmap: Knowledge Organization Systems  Semantic network  Ontology  Thesaurus  Taxonomy  Controlled vocabulary  Synonym set/ring  Name authority file  Uncontrolled list •Unrelated Entities •Ambiguity •Linked Entities •Contextual Specificity •Simple •Low Value •Complex •High value
  5. 5. The Web Transformed…  Web 1.0 = Getting Content Online (over 120 million websites and growing)  Web 2.0 = Getting People Online Mobile Social
  6. 6. Facebook: 700 Million Users Projected for 2011 (Open-First)
  7. 7. Twitter: Over 9 Billion Updates per Month
  8. 8. Linkedin: Over 200 Million People Searches per Month
  9. 9. A highly trusted source Social technologies will boost the utility of this long-trusted source
  10. 10. Business Applications of Social Media  Sharing ideas for innovation  Co-developing new products or services  Enabling customers to get help from other customers  Generating brand awareness and visibility  Peer review  Assisting the selling process by sharing contacts in a community
  11. 11. Company or Member Profiles User pastes or uploads CV Button to auto- extract taxonomy attributes User Reviews tagging for accuracy
  12. 12. One Person, Many Representations VIAF: Virtual International Authority File
  13. 13. Creating an Author Authority Database  Tag all articles in the repository with standard subjects  Export author names, subjects, institutions, locations, etc.  Disambiguate authors with the same or similar names
  14. 14. Author Data: View by Connections…
  15. 15. … or by location…
  16. 16. …Or in the Document itself:
  17. 17. Many Repositories for Names
  18. 18. VIAF: Virtual International Authority File
  19. 19. Project VIVO  Designed around linked data standards Resource Description Framework (RDF)  VIVO’s ontology integrates data from human resource systems, grants databases, faculty annual reporting systems, and publication databases  Free open-source software download:
  20. 20. Explore a research area Focus the results Locate the PI for a grantContact a researcher with the desired expertise and research activity Detailed Profiles of Medical/BioMedical Researchers
  21. 21.  Data is structured in the form of “triples” as subject- predicate-object.  Concepts and their relationships use a shared ontology to facilitate the harvesting of data from multiple sources. Information stored as Resource Description Framework (RDF) Jane Smith is member of author of has affiliations with Dept. of Genetic s College of Medicine Journal article Book chapter Book Genetics Institute Subject Predicate Object
  22. 22. Detailed Data Relationships David Nelson Mike Conlon Biomedical Informatics Gene Anderson Clinical Translational Science Institute (CTSI) Ed Tech Magazine Development of an Observational Instrument to Measure Mother-Infant Separation Post Birth has research area is research area of featured in has position in features organization with position for has author author of organization with position for has position in author of has author Inverse relationships are created Connections among scientists illustrated Current and accurate data revealed
  23. 23. Visualizations: co-author networks
  24. 24. 125 Participant Organizations 25 ORCID
  25. 25. ORCID F67572010 Testing Possible Matching Algorithms: • VIAF matching technology from OCLC • Author Resolver from ProQuest • Matching capability from OKKAM Access Innovations Author Authority 26 ORCID Profile Exchange
  26. 26. Integrating Identity into Publisher Systems • Confirm background and authenticity of submitting authors Manuscript Submission • Confirm background and authenticity of prospective reviewers and identify potential conflicts of interest Peer review • Linking ORCID profiles with scholarly output enables disambiguation and improves publisher decision-making. Connection to publications and other works • Integrating profile information into publishers social network systems enhances value and stickiness of these services (e.g. Nature Networks) Social networks
  27. 27. Questions? Bert Carelli Vice President, Business Development Access Innovations / Data Harmony 510-551-3784 Corporate Number: 505-998-0800