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The New Energy Consumer: What Promises Do Blockchain Technologies Offer Energy Providers?

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Learn how blockchain is triggering energy providers to rethink the fundamentals of energy market transactions and explore future opportunities.

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The New Energy Consumer: What Promises Do Blockchain Technologies Offer Energy Providers?

  1. 1. What promises do blockchain technologies offer energy providers? The New Energy Consumer
  2. 2. 2Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. Blockchain: A technology game changer … A blockchain is simply an open, distributed database that processes transactions between anonymous contributors, without a central overseer. Secure Uses cryptographic algorithms based on private and public key encryption. Real-time Blocks are verified and added in near real time; reduces arbitrage risk or data-sync problems. Robust Blockchain ledger is replicated on servers across the globe; no single point of failure. Accessible Open network; anyone can add blocks and review the entire blockchain from inception.
  3. 3. 3Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. …with the ability to address concerns in privacy and permission management. • Permission less – anyone can use it • “Proof“ consensus – “Proof of Work” for Bitcoin • Public nodes • Cryptocurrency token • Open wallet access/Internet • Permissioned – defined group can participate • Custom consensus engine – rules set by participators • Private nodes – closed group • Optional token • Closed wallet access/virtual private network Public blockchain: The Internet Semi-private and private blockchains: Extranet and Intranet
  4. 4. 4Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. But why choose blockchain instead of a traditional database? Allows disintermediation from third party trust entities No central gatekeeper is required to verify transactions and authenticate their source – this is done independently by multiple nodes. Removes transaction fees of intermediaries. Multiple contributors can contribute simultaneously More than one contributor can modify the database at the same time, from any locale. Blockchain validates the transaction and all contributors can see the history of exchanges. Creates robust redundancy, no single point of failure If a node or contributor is compromised, the rest of the network remains secure; single faults will not break the system because of multiple, disperse backups with up-to-date data. Removes dependency on intermediaries and promotes trust among contributors Each contributor continuously audits the ledger; consensus structure reduces security risks and penalizes those that deviate from norms.
  5. 5. Is blockchain the answer to some of the challenges energy providers face with traditional databases? Distributed energy resources Settlements and payments Grid operations and load management Disintermediation Lower external transactions costs with banks, clearing houses, and legal entities. Accelerate settlement process with meter-based collections and decentralized billing. Facilitate self-managing devices and appliances. Multiple contributors Manage peer-to-peer energy marketplace using grid as a service model; facilitate micro- transactions. Develop new value-add offerings for customers. Reduce manual switching costs to distributed energy resources. Facilitate cross border transactions between international parties. Robust redundancy Ultra resilient system monitoring for grid and infrastructure; expedite outage resolution time. Divert grid congestion to alternative infrastructure to balance loads automatically. Share data between parties securely across organizations and international boundaries. Open yet secure Transparency across transactions; reduce risk from fraud, identity theft and service tampering. Enterprise-wide view of all operations, removes inefficiencies from siloed transactions. Manage collections/debt with pre-payment metering Yes it could, and in a secure and disruptive way.
  6. 6. 6Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. There are promises that blockchain offers today to prepare energy providers for tomorrow... • Enhanced current offerings • New revenue streams • Lower external transaction costs • Lower internal costs Manage risk & working capital • Reduced risk • Improved working capital Lower costs Increased revenue
  7. 7. 7Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. I want my home appliances to self manage events in real time. I want to trade solar power in my community, with the assurance that my payments and exchanges are secure. I wish my energy provider resolved outages faster without needing to dispatch the field teams. …and for the creation of a new customer journey for the energy prosumer. I want to have access to several energy providers with distributed energy resources, and I would like to alternate without having to switch myself. I want to rent an electric vehicle for my commute and I’d like to look at new payment methods for this service.
  8. 8. 8Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. But blockchain is not perfect and energy providers need to be aware of the limitations to rapid adoption. No standards have emerged for rates of verification; delay times are inconsistent and introduce uncertainty in the system. Unclear if integration value with new systems will transfer to customer or the business; value translation is fragmented. The regulatory landscape tends to assume centralized trust actors. Lack of framework and legal precedents, with global jurisdictions and economies to coordinate. Sophisticated analysts may learn of the transaction patterns of the players by analyzing the blockchain; public blockchain may not be ideal for certain industries. Continued maintenance requires scare technical skills; still requires assets and infrastructure to maintain and upgrade. Platform provision and immature; unsure of the long term viability of the technology and the success of delivery. Variability in adoption Capital expenditures Regulatory constraints Privacy Ongoing maintenance Network effect
  9. 9. 9Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. No one can predict the future energy consumer ecosystem for certain; however, blockchain is triggering energy providers to rethink the fundamentals of energy market transactions and explore future opportunities.
  10. 10. 10Copyright © 2017 Accenture All rights reserved. Accenture is a leading global professional services company, providing a broad range of services and solutions in strategy, consulting, digital, technology and operations. Combining unmatched experience and specialized skills across more than 40 industries and all business functions—underpinned by the world’s largest delivery network—Accenture works at the intersection of business and technology to help clients improve their performance and create sustainable value for their stakeholders. With approximately 384,000 people serving clients in more than 120 countries, Accenture drives innovation to improve the way the world works and lives. Visit us at www.accenture.com. About Accenture Twitter: @Accenture_Util LinkedIn: Accenture Utilities YouTube: Accenture Utilities Stay Connected Learn more about the latest New Energy Consumer research at: http://www.accenture.com/ newenergyconsumer2016 Visit Copyright © 2016 Accenture. All rights reserved. Accenture, its logo, and High Performance Delivered are trademarks of Accenture. This document is produced by consultants at Accenture as general guidance. It is not intended to provide specific advice on your circumstances. If you require advice or further details on any matters referred to, please contact your Accenture representative.

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