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Cross-border data access, usage, and exchange are essential to economic growth in the digital age. Every sector—including manufacturing, services, agriculture, and retail—relies on data and on the global flow of that data. Whether directly, or by indirectly taking advantage of global-scale data infrastructure such as cloud computing, global connectivity has enabled cross-border economic activity, allowing individuals, startups, and small businesses to participate in global markets. However, while the economic and trade opportunity from connectivity and data flows are significant, governments are increasingly introducing measures which restrict data flows—data localization measures.
This report reviews the various mechanisms by which governments are attempting to manage their digital economy. It covers the issues of data localization and data residency, clarifies cross-border data flow restrictions by developing a typology of data localization mechanisms like privacy, cybersecurity, law enforcement, digital protectionism, and levelling the playing field for businesses.
Sponsored by the Asia Cloud Computing Association, this report was independently researched and published by the Brookings Institution and TRPC Pte Ltd.
For more information, visit us at http://www.asiacloudcomputing.org