Artists in America Printmaking-a historical perspective with a contemporary flare!
A brief history• First-before the printing press-printmaking was considered a means of communication- not art.• 18th century art prints were beginning to be considered art.• 19th century saw artists signing their prints in limited editions –this along with technical information authenticated their work.
19th century artists used prints to reach many with a single image.
Printmaking in Europe• Began printing on textiles (fabric) 6th century• Paper technology came from the Far East• First European paper produced Spain in 1151• First European woodcuts printed on paper were playing cards produced at the beginning in the 15th century.
Printmaking in the East• Though we have barely touched upon Japanese printmaking here, special mention must be made of the master of woodcut, Katsushika Hokusai, who in the last half of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th produced some 35,000 drawings and prints, many of them recognized masterpieces, many of which were to exert an important influences on European printmakers.
American Printers• Noted printmakers from early Americas are Currier and Ives, Winslow Homer and Thomas Moran. These printers’ works rivaled those of the East and Europe.• Native American and natural settings as well as urban life were the topics of choice.
Assignment• Research a contemporary American printmaker – record findings in sketchbook including name, age, location, education/training, print type, interesting story about artist.• Sketch out prints in sketchbook• Using your printmaker of choice as inspiration; create a plan for a 2-3 color linocut print.• Get approval for design and practice with printmaking tools for multicolor technique
Active 1900 – c. 1960 American• George Li • Gen Paul • Grace Albee Adomeit Li (and • Edward Hopper • Joseph Pennell Wo, We printer) Amelia Et Et • Anni Albers Li, R. Coats Et • Jacques • Horatio Nelson Sc• Eleanor Coen Li Hnizdovsky Wo, Poole (1884– • Valenti Angelo• Alphaeus Li, Et 1949) En, Wo, Linocut Philemon Cole • Max Kahn Li, • Mark Rothko • George Bellows Et, En Wo • Harry Li• Werner Drewes • Rockwell Kent Shoulberg Sc • Leon Bibel Wo, Et Li, Wo • Hannah • Robert• Wedo Georgetti • Albert Kotin Tompkins Wo Blackburn Et, Li • Doris Emrick • John French (artist) Li• Philip Guston Li Lee Sloan Et • George Elbert• Thomas • Robert • Stow Burr Et Handforth Et Motherwell Et, Wengenroth Li • Minna Citron• Irwin Hollander Li
Active from c. 1960 to 1990 American• Earl W. Bascom • Yvonne • Julian Stanczak Et, Li, Wo Jacquette Wo • Frank Stella Li,• Elizabeth Catlett • Jasper Johns Et, Wo Li Li • John August• Sam Francis Li, • Roy Lichtenstein Swanson Li, St, Et Li, Sc Et• Nancy Graves Li • Jack McLarty Li, • Jonathan Talbot• Mary Henry Wo, We, Sc, Et Et (artist) • Barry Moser • Andy Warhol Sc• Jacques • Robert Hnizdovsky Wo, Rauschenberg Li, Et Li, Sc
Living contemporary the Americas • Enrique Chagoya Et, En, • Virginia A. Myers Et, En Li, Di • Michael Parkes Li • Susan Crile • Lynn Shaler Et, Aq • Jane Hammond Li, Si, • Arthur Thrall • Above (artist) • E. M. Washington En • Jeff Koons • Nathaniel Stern En • M. Bernard Loates We, • Carol Wax Me Me, Li, Sc, St, DiKey to Techniques: En = Engraver (includes Drypoint), Et = Etcher, Wo = Woodcut,Me = Mezzotint, Mo = Monotype, Aq = Aquatint, Li = Lithography, We = Wood engraving,Sc = Screen-printing, St = Stipple, Di = digital.