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Early Start Overview Brief (Dec 2011)

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Early Start Overview Brief (Dec 2011)

  1. 1. A Brief Overview of California’s Early Start Early Intervention Services in California Developed byCalifornia Map to Inclusion and Belonging WestEd Center for Child & Family Studies in collaboration with California Department of Developmental Services Updated to reflect changes in state law in 2009 and 2011 California Map to Inclusion and Belonging is funded by the California Department of Education, Child Development Division, with a portion of the federal Child Care Development Fund Quality Improvement Allocation
  2. 2. Conditions for Use of This Presentation This PowerPointTM and accompanying notes were developed by the California Map to Inclusion and Belonging Project for use in training and educational settings. This document was reviewed and approved by the California Department of Education, Child Development Division, as well as the Special Education Division and Department of Developmental Services, when appropriate. The information regarding the laws and regulations were accurate at the time of distribution (updated in 2011). Modification of the content is not permitted. Local information may be used as a supplement, but shall not be represented as part of the document. Users are free to duplicate this material in its entirety, with appropriate credit, for educational purposes only. California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 1
  3. 3. Intent of This OverviewTo assist early care and education providers inunderstanding the Early Start early interventionsystem: • when a child in their care, birth to age three years of age, has an identified disability • when they have concerns that a child in their care, birth to age three years of age, might have a disability, developmental delay or established risk condition with a high probability of causing a delay or disability. 2009 update California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 2
  4. 4. California’s History of Serving Infants and Toddlers California law since 1980 Lanterman Developmental Disabilities ServicesAct in 1982 California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 3
  5. 5. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Federallegislation mandates special education for all eligible children IDEA Part B: services for children with disabilities ages three through twenty-one IDEA PartC: services for children birth to three years of age California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 4
  6. 6. Early Start = Part C Early Start is California’s early intervention service system under Part C of IDEACalifornia MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 5
  7. 7. Early Start seeks to promote and enhance acoordinated, family-focused service system for infants and toddlers from birth to age threeyears with a significant developmental delay, adisability or an established risk condition witha high probability of resultingin a delay or disability.2009 update California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 6
  8. 8. Early Start is Designed to: Provide a system of referral and assessment that • results in individualized services • supports infants and toddlers and their families within their community Be family-focused by • keeping families informed about services for their child • supporting families and including them as collaborative decision makers California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 7
  9. 9. Early Start Administration The California Department of Developmental Services (DDS) is the lead agency for overall administration of Early Start. DDS collaborates with the California Department of Education, Special Education Division, in the provision of services for some children. California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 8
  10. 10. Eligibility Criteria The age at the time of the initial referral will be the age for consideration of eligibility. A 33% developmental delay in one developmental area before 24 months of age, or At 24 months of age or older, either a delay of 50 percent in one developmental area or a 33 percent delay in two or more developmental areas. An established risk condition with a high probability of causing a delay or disability2009 update California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 9
  11. 11. Prevention Resource & Referral Services A child who is not eligible for Early Start services from the regional center is eligible under Prevention Resources and Referral Services (PRRS) if they have two or more risk factors and their genetic, medical, developmental, or environmental history is predicative of a substantially greater risk for developmental disability than that for the general population. Those eligible for PRRS are referred to Early Start Family Resource Centers where they will receive information, resources, referral to community services, referral to regional centers for re-evaluation and follow-up contacts. 2011 update MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 California 10
  12. 12. Early Start Services Are designed to meet the individual needs of each infant or toddler and needs of the family Are provided in “natural environments” Are provided at no cost to families by qualified personnel. (deletion 2011) Include transition to appropriate services at three years of age California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 11
  13. 13. Natural Environment Any setting where typically developing children of a similar chronological age are found Includes home, neighborhood, child care, preschool, parks, birthday parties, informal gatherings of family and friends, etc. A “Natural Environment” is more than a location. It is a way of approaching service. California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 12
  14. 14. A Natural Environment Is Is Not a location where this child  a location where people would go if he did not have usually go because they a disability have disabilities or medical where other children go issues who do not have disabilities  a location that was chosen in a part of the community because it had specialized where children and families equipment without disabilities spend  a location that was chosen time when they are not because it was convenient being treated or tested for for specialists who work illness or health issues with the child California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 13
  15. 15. Early Start Services can Include: Assistive technology  Physical therapy devices/services  Psychological services Audiology services  Service coordination Family  Special instruction training, counseling, hom  Social work services e visits  Transportation services Some health services  Speech and language Medical services for services diagnosis and evaluation  Vision services  Respite (deleted 2011) Nursing services  Others as determined by Nutrition services the IFSP Team Occupational therapy California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 14
  16. 16. Family Involvement Families are an integral part of evaluation and assessment Families participate in Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) development Early Start services support families and help them meet the special needs of their infants or toddlers California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 15
  17. 17. Early Start Family Resource Centers (FRCs) FRCs throughout California (~50) receive funding to provide parent-to-parent support to families FRCs are primarily staffed by parents who have children with special needs Services are provided in a nonclinical, family-centered atmosphere Child care providers can also access libraries at FRCs California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 16
  18. 18. Family Resource Centers Support the emotional and informational needs of families Provide referral information and outreach to underserved populations Support public awareness activities and family/professional collaborative activities Assist families with transition Provide support services and resources in many languages Are culturally responsive to the needs of families Provide resource, referral and outreach services for families eligible for Prevention, Resource and Referral Services. 2011 update California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 17
  19. 19. Parents’ RightsParents have rights and protections toensure that early intervention services areprovided to their children: • in a manner appropriate to their needs • in consideration of family concerns • in compliance with state and federal statutes California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 18
  20. 20. Mediation and Due ProcessParents have the right to requesta mediation and dueprocess hearing in Early Start if they have adisagreement with a regional center or LEA about: • identification • evaluation • assessment • placement of their child • provision of appropriate early intervention servicesParents also may file a state complaint alleging aviolation of federal or state statutes or regulations.2011 update California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 19
  21. 21. Early Start Looks Different in Each Community. Why? History Local decision-making Locally available resources California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 20
  22. 22. Transition at Three Years of Age Because Early Start (Part C) applies only to a child under three years of age, the law requires the family to be informed about the transition that will occur when the child turns three years of age Transition services are intended to support and prepare parents and their child to exit Early Start and enter new services if needed at three years of age California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 21
  23. 23. Transition Options Special education preschool under Part B and/or Ongoing regional center services and/or Community options • Child care • Private preschool or Head Start • Remaining at home with the family • Other unique options in a community California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 22
  24. 24. TransitionsFor more information, see the PowerPoint™ presentation in this series entitled“Transition in Early Childhood at Age Three for Children with Special Needs” California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 23
  25. 25. For More Information Websites • Map to Inclusion and Belonging: www.CAInclusion.org • Early Start: www.dds.ca.gov/EarlyStart/ • DDS Birth to 36 Months: http://www.dds.ca.gov/Birth36Months/Index.cfm • Other: http://idea.ed.gov, http://www.ideapartnership.org/ Early Childhood Special Education Handbooks: http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se/fp/ecseries.asp Early Start Resources distributes Early Start products at no cost and maintains an extensive early intervention library: www.wested.org/cd/cpei California MAP to Inclusion and Belonging, December 2011 24

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