SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Introduction to uk legislation

1 of 18
Download to read offline
Introduction to UK
Legislation
Bodleian Law Library
Last updated November 2010
Session overview
 Types of Legislation
 The Legislatative process
-Bills
-Parliamentary process
 Sources of Legislation
-Unamended and amended
- Keeping up to date
Types of legislation
 Primary legislation
 Bills – Public, Private and Hybrid
 Acts – Public General, Local and
Personal
 Secondary or delegated legislation
 Statutory Instruments (S.I.s)
 Orders, Codes of Practice, etc
Pre-legislative materials
 Before a Bill is introduced research
may have already been conducted in
the form of:
 Green papers
 White papers
 Law Commission reports and working
papers
 Royal Commissions
 Public Inquiries
Where to find…
 information on pre-legislative
materials:
 Lawtel – Bills, Command Papers and
News & Press databases
 Internet – check Government websites
and the Parliament website
 Westlaw
Progress of a Bill
 A bill can start in either the Commons or Lords
 First Reading : the bill's title is read out in
parliament
 Second Reading : debate on the general
principles of the bill
 Committee Stage : the bill is examined clause
by clause and amendments discussed
 Report Stage : allows for further amendments to
be made on the bill
 Third Reading : a final opportunity to comment
on the amended bill
 Once the bill has completed the same procedure
in each House the final text of Bill is agreed
 Bill receives Royal Assent and becomes an Act
of Parliament

Recommended

Parliament and law making
Parliament and law makingParliament and law making
Parliament and law makingSteve Saffhill
 
The us federal court system & supreme court
The us federal court system & supreme courtThe us federal court system & supreme court
The us federal court system & supreme courtpjosephchs
 
Legal System of England
Legal System of EnglandLegal System of England
Legal System of EnglandMashifMahboob
 
Lecture 3 parliament the legislative process
Lecture 3 parliament  the legislative processLecture 3 parliament  the legislative process
Lecture 3 parliament the legislative processfatima d
 
2. Sources of the Constitution
2. Sources of the Constitution2. Sources of the Constitution
2. Sources of the Constitutionmattbentley34
 
Politics of the United Kingdom
Politics of the United KingdomPolitics of the United Kingdom
Politics of the United KingdomHistoryExpert006
 

More Related Content

What's hot

What's hot (20)

Separation of powers
Separation of powersSeparation of powers
Separation of powers
 
Uk political system
Uk political systemUk political system
Uk political system
 
British Constitution
British ConstitutionBritish Constitution
British Constitution
 
British Bill of Rights 1689
British Bill of Rights 1689British Bill of Rights 1689
British Bill of Rights 1689
 
Common law UK resources
Common law UK resourcesCommon law UK resources
Common law UK resources
 
British political system
British political systemBritish political system
British political system
 
Uk parliament
Uk parliamentUk parliament
Uk parliament
 
British Government
British GovernmentBritish Government
British Government
 
Judiciary in the united kingdom (english)
Judiciary in the united kingdom (english)Judiciary in the united kingdom (english)
Judiciary in the united kingdom (english)
 
House of Lords
House of LordsHouse of Lords
House of Lords
 
Unitary Government: ‬The United Kingdom.
Unitary Government: ‬The United Kingdom.Unitary Government: ‬The United Kingdom.
Unitary Government: ‬The United Kingdom.
 
Unitary Government
Unitary GovernmentUnitary Government
Unitary Government
 
The Judicial Branch | The US Supreme Court
The Judicial Branch | The US Supreme CourtThe Judicial Branch | The US Supreme Court
The Judicial Branch | The US Supreme Court
 
Definition and classification of law
Definition and classification of lawDefinition and classification of law
Definition and classification of law
 
History of the Constitution
History of the ConstitutionHistory of the Constitution
History of the Constitution
 
The united kingdom parliament
The united kingdom parliamentThe united kingdom parliament
The united kingdom parliament
 
History of Law
History of LawHistory of Law
History of Law
 
Politics of the United Kingdom
Politics of the United KingdomPolitics of the United Kingdom
Politics of the United Kingdom
 
Sources of law
Sources of lawSources of law
Sources of law
 
History of law
History of lawHistory of law
History of law
 

Similar to Introduction to uk legislation

Reading Cases and Statutes.pdf
Reading  Cases and Statutes.pdfReading  Cases and Statutes.pdf
Reading Cases and Statutes.pdfChevalierKam
 
Law Information
Law InformationLaw Information
Law Informationpeteshu
 
Legislative Research
Legislative ResearchLegislative Research
Legislative ResearchOWT Library
 
Sociology of Law
Sociology of LawSociology of Law
Sociology of Lawlakehead1
 
What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...
What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...
What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...PhD Assistance
 
Law-Exchange.co.uk Shared Resource
Law-Exchange.co.uk Shared ResourceLaw-Exchange.co.uk Shared Resource
Law-Exchange.co.uk Shared Resourcelawexchange.co.uk
 
U301 part b changing the law working progress
U301 part b changing the law working progressU301 part b changing the law working progress
U301 part b changing the law working progressCrystal Delosa
 
British parliamentary papers_online2011
British parliamentary papers_online2011British parliamentary papers_online2011
British parliamentary papers_online2011Sam Aston
 
North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...
North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...
North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...sugeladi
 
Introduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge Base
Introduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge BaseIntroduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge Base
Introduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge BaseUofGKnowledgebase
 
{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?
{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?
{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?ShahMuhammad55
 
Sociology of Law
Sociology of LawSociology of Law
Sociology of Lawlakehead1
 
Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...
Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...
Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...Brianna Johnson
 

Similar to Introduction to uk legislation (20)

Finding Acts of Parliament
Finding Acts of ParliamentFinding Acts of Parliament
Finding Acts of Parliament
 
Find Acts of parliament 2015
Find Acts of parliament 2015Find Acts of parliament 2015
Find Acts of parliament 2015
 
Reading Cases and Statutes.pdf
Reading  Cases and Statutes.pdfReading  Cases and Statutes.pdf
Reading Cases and Statutes.pdf
 
Law Information
Law InformationLaw Information
Law Information
 
Legislative Research
Legislative ResearchLegislative Research
Legislative Research
 
Sociology of Law
Sociology of LawSociology of Law
Sociology of Law
 
What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...
What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...
What Are The Different Primary And Secondary Sources Of Law UK Research? - Ph...
 
Law-Exchange.co.uk Shared Resource
Law-Exchange.co.uk Shared ResourceLaw-Exchange.co.uk Shared Resource
Law-Exchange.co.uk Shared Resource
 
U301 part b changing the law working progress
U301 part b changing the law working progressU301 part b changing the law working progress
U301 part b changing the law working progress
 
British parliamentary papers_online2011
British parliamentary papers_online2011British parliamentary papers_online2011
British parliamentary papers_online2011
 
Public Bills: An overview
Public Bills: An overviewPublic Bills: An overview
Public Bills: An overview
 
North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...
North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...
North carolina legislative history step by step following is a ...
 
Introduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge Base
Introduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge BaseIntroduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge Base
Introduction to the different types of legal literature - Knowledge Base
 
Parliament Explained: Civil Service Communicators
Parliament Explained: Civil Service CommunicatorsParliament Explained: Civil Service Communicators
Parliament Explained: Civil Service Communicators
 
{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?
{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?
{ CPC }Where do rules of cpc come from?
 
Engaging with legislation in the House of Lords
Engaging with legislation in the House of LordsEngaging with legislation in the House of Lords
Engaging with legislation in the House of Lords
 
House of Commons legislative process
House of Commons legislative processHouse of Commons legislative process
House of Commons legislative process
 
Sociology of Law
Sociology of LawSociology of Law
Sociology of Law
 
Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...
Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...
Are We Witnessing The Demise Of The &Quot;Westminster Model&Quot; In...
 
Public Bill Seminar- Dorchester Presentations
Public Bill Seminar- Dorchester PresentationsPublic Bill Seminar- Dorchester Presentations
Public Bill Seminar- Dorchester Presentations
 

More from Bodleian Law Library

De jure: Italian legislation, case law and journals
De jure: Italian legislation, case law and journalsDe jure: Italian legislation, case law and journals
De jure: Italian legislation, case law and journalsBodleian Law Library
 
Kluwer and brill basic presentation
Kluwer and brill basic presentationKluwer and brill basic presentation
Kluwer and brill basic presentationBodleian Law Library
 
Finding articles in uk legal journals
Finding articles in uk legal journalsFinding articles in uk legal journals
Finding articles in uk legal journalsBodleian Law Library
 
Searching law journals for HR articles
Searching law journals for HR articlesSearching law journals for HR articles
Searching law journals for HR articlesBodleian Law Library
 
Finding materials from International Courts and tribunals
Finding materials from International Courts and tribunalsFinding materials from International Courts and tribunals
Finding materials from International Courts and tribunalsBodleian Law Library
 
Finding European Human Rights Law Resources
Finding European Human Rights Law ResourcesFinding European Human Rights Law Resources
Finding European Human Rights Law ResourcesBodleian Law Library
 

More from Bodleian Law Library (20)

Ames foundation & elh
Ames foundation & elhAmes foundation & elh
Ames foundation & elh
 
Treaties 2013
Treaties 2013Treaties 2013
Treaties 2013
 
De jure: Italian legislation, case law and journals
De jure: Italian legislation, case law and journalsDe jure: Italian legislation, case law and journals
De jure: Italian legislation, case law and journals
 
Human rights law resources
Human rights law resources Human rights law resources
Human rights law resources
 
Public international law
Public international lawPublic international law
Public international law
 
Legal History
Legal History Legal History
Legal History
 
Google scholar
Google scholar Google scholar
Google scholar
 
Heinonline
HeinonlineHeinonline
Heinonline
 
Kluwer and brill basic presentation
Kluwer and brill basic presentationKluwer and brill basic presentation
Kluwer and brill basic presentation
 
Australian legal system
Australian legal systemAustralian legal system
Australian legal system
 
Australian court system
Australian court systemAustralian court system
Australian court system
 
Finding articles in uk legal journals
Finding articles in uk legal journalsFinding articles in uk legal journals
Finding articles in uk legal journals
 
Corporate Law Introduction 2010
Corporate Law Introduction 2010Corporate Law Introduction 2010
Corporate Law Introduction 2010
 
Finding case law
Finding case lawFinding case law
Finding case law
 
IHR: using treaties 2010
IHR: using treaties 2010IHR: using treaties 2010
IHR: using treaties 2010
 
Human rights in africa
Human rights in africaHuman rights in africa
Human rights in africa
 
Inter-american human rights
Inter-american human rightsInter-american human rights
Inter-american human rights
 
Searching law journals for HR articles
Searching law journals for HR articlesSearching law journals for HR articles
Searching law journals for HR articles
 
Finding materials from International Courts and tribunals
Finding materials from International Courts and tribunalsFinding materials from International Courts and tribunals
Finding materials from International Courts and tribunals
 
Finding European Human Rights Law Resources
Finding European Human Rights Law ResourcesFinding European Human Rights Law Resources
Finding European Human Rights Law Resources
 

Recently uploaded

Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Katherine Villaluna
 
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...Sue Beckingham
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Association for Project Management
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaPrince Armah, PhD
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxMennat Allah Alkaram
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsCorinne Weisgerber
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Aggregage
 
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptxPlant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptxAKSHAYMAGAR17
 
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfspring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfKonstantina Koutsodimou
 
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSDr.M.Geethavani
 
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdfEDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdfElizabeth Walsh
 
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...AKSHAYMAGAR17
 
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandPlagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandDr. Sarita Anand
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxAizaPolinarCruz
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsDr.M.Geethavani
 
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdfA LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdfDr.M.Geethavani
 
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...Association for Project Management
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdfDr.Florence Dayana
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdfDr.Florence Dayana
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
Practical Research 1, Lesson 5: DESIGNING A RESEARCH PROJECT RELATED TO DAILY...
 
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
Digital Footprints to Career Pathways - Building a Strong Professional Online...
 
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
Discussing the new Competence Framework for project managers in the built env...
 
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in GhanaDecision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
Decision on Curriculum Change Path: Towards Standards-Based Curriculum in Ghana
 
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptxOdontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
Odontogenesis and its related anomiles.pptx
 
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational PatternsPersuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
Persuasive Speaking and Organizational Patterns
 
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
Can Brain Science Actually Help Make Your Training & Teaching "Stick"?
 
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptxPlant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
Plant Genetic Resources, Germplasm, gene pool - Copy.pptx
 
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdfspring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
spring_bee_bot_creations_erd primary.pdf
 
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTSA TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
A TEXTBOOK OF INTELLECTUAL ROPERTY RIGHTS
 
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdfEDL 290F Week 2  - Good Company (2024).pdf
EDL 290F Week 2 - Good Company (2024).pdf
 
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
Genetics, Heredity, Variation, history, its roles, Scope, Importance, and Bra...
 
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita AnandPlagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
Plagiarism, Types & Consequences by Dr. Sarita Anand
 
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docxCATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
CATCH UP FRIDAY LESSON PLAN GRADE 6.docx
 
Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer Lipids as Biopolymer
Lipids as Biopolymer
 
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional GroupsOrganic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
Organic Synthesis and Estimation of Functional Groups
 
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdfA LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.pdf
 
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
Successful projects and failed programmes – the cost of not designing the who...
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-unit - 4.pdf
 
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdfDr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
Dr.M.Florence Dayana-Cloud Computing-Unit - 1.pdf
 

Introduction to uk legislation

  • 1. Introduction to UK Legislation Bodleian Law Library Last updated November 2010
  • 2. Session overview  Types of Legislation  The Legislatative process -Bills -Parliamentary process  Sources of Legislation -Unamended and amended - Keeping up to date
  • 3. Types of legislation  Primary legislation  Bills – Public, Private and Hybrid  Acts – Public General, Local and Personal  Secondary or delegated legislation  Statutory Instruments (S.I.s)  Orders, Codes of Practice, etc
  • 4. Pre-legislative materials  Before a Bill is introduced research may have already been conducted in the form of:  Green papers  White papers  Law Commission reports and working papers  Royal Commissions  Public Inquiries
  • 5. Where to find…  information on pre-legislative materials:  Lawtel – Bills, Command Papers and News & Press databases  Internet – check Government websites and the Parliament website  Westlaw
  • 6. Progress of a Bill  A bill can start in either the Commons or Lords  First Reading : the bill's title is read out in parliament  Second Reading : debate on the general principles of the bill  Committee Stage : the bill is examined clause by clause and amendments discussed  Report Stage : allows for further amendments to be made on the bill  Third Reading : a final opportunity to comment on the amended bill  Once the bill has completed the same procedure in each House the final text of Bill is agreed  Bill receives Royal Assent and becomes an Act of Parliament
  • 7. Where to find Bills  information on Bills  Parliament website • http://www.parliament.uk/bills/bills.cfm  Hansard  Weekly Information Bulletin  Sessional Information Digest  LexisNexis Butterworths  Lawtel
  • 8. Acts  Royal Assent  Act comes in force: • Straightaway • Day to be assigned • Commencement orders
  • 9. Citing references to…  Acts:  Public General Acts are cited using Arabic numerals, e.g.: • Companies Act 1985 (c 6)  Prior to 1963 Acts cited by regnal year, e.g.: • Debtors Act 1869 (32 & 33 Vict cap 62)  The C or Cap is chapter and is the number given to an act within a given year
  • 10. Citing references to…  Acts (continued):  Local Acts are cited using Roman numerals, e.g.: • British Railways (Liverpool Street Station) Act 1983 (cap. iv)  Personal & Private Acts are cited using Arabic numerals given in italics, e.g.: • Hugh Small and Norma Small (Marriage Enabling) Act 1982 (cap. 2)
  • 11. Where to find legislation  Original texts  Queen’s Printer’s copy (hard copy)  Current Law Statutes Annotated (hard copy)  Justis (electronic)  Law Reports Statutes (hard copy)  Lawtel (electronic)  Amended texts  Halsbury’s Statutes (hard copy)  LexisNexis Butterworths (electronic)  Westlaw (electronic)  Legislation.gov (free electronic resource)
  • 12. Secondary legislation  Majority of secondary legislation is in the form of S.I.s  Over 3,500 S.I.s are made each year  S.I.s are used to add detail to an Act  Also used to bring Acts into force (commencement orders)
  • 13. Citing references to…  S.I.s  Draft S.I.s are not numbered  Once an SI is approved it receives the next sequential number within the year, e.g.: • The Licensing Act 2003 (Personal licences) Regulations 2005 S.I. 2005 No.41
  • 14. Where to find Statutory Instruments  information on S.I.s:  OPSI website (unamended) • http://www.opsi.gov.uk/  Halsbury’s Statutory Instruments (amended)  Lexis Library (amended)  Justis (unamended)  Westlaw (amended)
  • 15. Updating legislation  Important to always check the status of a piece of legislation:  To avoid using out-of-date information  Ensure accuracy
  • 16. Where to find…  the status of a piece of legislation  Is It In Force?  Lexis Library (Status Snapshot)  Justis  Lawtel  Westlaw Current Law Legislation Citators  Halsbury’s Statutes  Halsbury’s Statutory Instruments
  • 17. Devolution  Wales • The Government of Wales Act 1998 • National Assembly of Wales – http://www.wales.gov.uk  Scotland • The Scotland Act 1998 • Scottish Parliament – http://www.scottish.parliament.uk  The Northern Ireland Act 1998 • Northern Ireland Assembly – http://www.niassembly.gov.uk

Editor's Notes

  1. There are different types of legislation: Primary Legislation Bills (draft legislation) - Public Bills, Private Bills (restricted to people or places), Hybrid Bills (public Bills that affect the private rights of people or bodies). Acts – Public General Acts and Local and Personal Acts (Private) Secondary or delegated legislation (also called subsidiary or subordinate legislation) S.I.s – general and local Orders, Rules, Codes of Practice, etc.
  2. Prior to a Bill being made, various research and inquiries may have been conducted by the government and official bodies to see whether a new piece of legislation is needed. This type of material is known generically as pre-legislative material and can consist of: Green papers White papers Law Commission papers Public Inquiries Royal Commissions
  3. Pre-legislative materials are important as they show the original intent behind a piece of legislation. There are various sources to assist in finding this type of info…… ------------------------------------------------------- BILLS After initial research, the Parliamentary Counsel Office (PCO) will draft a Bill on behalf of the Government. The PCO is instructed by the legal branch of the Government department concerned. They are also responsible for drafting amendments. Public Bills relate to matters of public policy. A Public Bill is introduced in either the House of Commons or House of Lords by a member of parliament. If a Bill is introduced by a member of the Government it is known as a Government Bill but if the Bill is introduced by an individual MP, it is known as a Private Members’ Bill (this is not the same as a Private Bill)
  4. Can take variable amounts of time for a Bill to pass through this procedure and different techniques can affect it process. But, generally speaking, the passage of a Bill through Parliament is as follows: A Bill goes through the same stages in each House:- First Reading - formally presented and printed Second Reading – Minister proposes Bill and debate on main principles Committee – Bill referred to one of four committees where the Bill is scrutinised clause by clause and amendments made. (Committee of the Whole House- for constitutional Bills and parts of the Finance Bill; Standing Committee - most usual procedure; Select Committee [Infrequently used]; Special Standing Committee [Rarely used] Report Stage – amendments are debated Third Reading an overview of Bill in amended state. No substantive amendments can be made at this stage. Referred to the other House for same process. Each House needs to agree on amendments. When agreement reached on the text of the Bill, it receives Royal Assent and the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament. When a new version of a Bill is published it is given a new number. Since the 1998-1999 Parliamentary session, Explanatory Notes have been published alongside Bills. ENs are published when the Bill is first introduced and are revised when it moves to the second House and again when it receives Royal Assent. The notes do not form part of the Bill and do not claim to be authoritative. They are intended to be an additional aid to understanding the intent of the Bill.
  5. Printed: Hansard – verbatim record of parliamentary business. The First Reading of a Bill will be noted in Hansard but no debate takes place at this point. Use Hansard to discover which points were debated during the Second Reading. The Standing Committee debates have their own series within Hansard. Weekly Information Bulletin Sessional Information Bulletin Electronic: LNB Lawtel CLI http://www.parliament.uk/bills/bills.cfm Remember the importance of using the correct version of a Bill.
  6. Once an Act receives Royal Assent it may not automatically come in to force. Some Acts will come into force as soon as they receive Royal Assent; other Acts will have the date included in the text of the Act; or enabling legislation may be required to introduce parts or all of the Act. Once an Act has received Royal Assent and is published, an Explanatory Note is also produced. Like the Explanatory Notes published with Bills, the aim of the EN is to make the Act of Parliament more accessible to the general public so that they can understand what the Act is trying to achieve.
  7. Since 1963 the practice is to cite UK Public Acts in the following form: Companies Act 1985 (1985 c 6) where c is the abbreviation for chapter. The chapter number of an Act is a sequential number given to Acts as they are made throughout the year, so the 1985 CA was the 6th Act to receive Royal Assent in 1985. Chapter can also be abbreviated to cap., ch., or chap. The chapter number for Public Acts is always given in Arabic numerals. Prior to 1963 the practice was to cite Acts by their regnal year. For example: Debtors Act 1869 (32 & 33 Vict cap 62) refers to the 62nd Act made in the parliamentary session during the 32nd and 33rd years of Queen Victoria’s reign. (Black’s Law Dictionary.)
  8. It is also important to remember the different conventions when citing Local and Personal Acts. Local Acts are always cited with Roman numerals: British Railways (Liverpool Street Station) Act 1983 (cap iv) Whilst Personal & Private Acts are cited with italic Roman numerals: Hugh Small and Norma Small (Marriage Enabling) Act 1982 (cap 2)
  9. Majority of secondary legislation is in the form of statutory instruments. Over 3,500 S.I.s are made annually. S.I.s are used to provide the necessary detail that would be considered too complex to include in the body of an Act, for example The Bus Lane Contraventions (Penalty Charges, Adjudication and Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2005 no. 2757 deals with the issuing of penalty notices to people that use bus lanes. SIs can also be used to amend, update or enforce existing primary legislation. Statutory Instruments are usually drafted by the legal office of the Government Department concerned, often following consultations with interested bodies and parties whilst the SI is in draft. They are then "made" in the name of the person (usually a Secretary of State or Minister) authorised by the parent Act. Whether an instrument is subject to parliamentary procedure is determined by the parent Act. Some S.I.s are not laid and as such are not subject to any parliamentary procedure and simply become law on the date stated in them.
  10. Draft S.I.s are not numbered. Once an SI is approved, they are numbered sequentially within a year and are cited by year and number: SI 2005 No. 41 The Licensing Act 2003 (Personal licences) Regulations 2005
  11. One of the key points to bear in mind when researching legislation is whether you are using the original version of the text or an amended version. This is an important point as an Act may have been amended or repealed since its commencement or a statutory instrument may have been altered.
  12. This overview has concentrated on English law but I’d like to finish with a brief look at the impact of devolution on legislation. Through the process of devolution certain powers, formally vested in the UK Parliament, have been transferred to new legislative bodies located in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. These legislative bodies are responsible for creating primary and/or delegated legislation in a wide variety of areas. However, many matters, such as foreign policy, defence, relations with the EU, taxation, etc, remain with the UK Parliament. The level of devolved powers for each country is not identical. Through the provisions outlined in three key pieces of legislation, The Scotland Act 1998, The Government of Wales Act 1998, and The Northern Ireland Act 1998, differing degrees of power were defined for each region.