Finding materials from International Courts and tribunals


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  • Pict - Explanation of the origins, history, functions and procedures of the international and regional courts
  • – “ The Courts at a glance”, Statute of the Court, rules, practice directions
  • ECHR Official Report have changed their name. Before 1 Nov 1998 known as Series A. Each case is numbered consecutibely within the year. After 1998 renamed and take the citation ECHR Commercial alternative is European Human Rights Reports – in Print an don Westlaw
  • Finding materials from International Courts and tribunals

    1. 1. International Courts and Tribunals <ul><li>International Court of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Court </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>Special Court for Sierra Leone </li></ul><ul><li>Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor </li></ul><ul><li>Cases before UN treaty and charter bodies </li></ul><ul><li>European Court of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-American Commission on Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-American Court of Human Rights </li></ul>
    2. 2. Guides <ul><li>Pict – Project on International Courts and Tribuals @ </li></ul><ul><li>ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law @ </li></ul><ul><li>UN Research Guide @ </li></ul><ul><li>Research guides for individual courts see second half of handout </li></ul>
    3. 3. Where to find judgments & decisions: publications <ul><li>International Legal Materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key publication including treaties, UN resolutions and declarations, cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internat 300 I 240 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Westlaw / Lexis / HeinOnline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Human Rights Reports – Internat 300 I162 </li></ul><ul><li>International Law Reports - Internat 100 I61 </li></ul>
    4. 4. Where to find judgments and decisions online <ul><li>Web site of the relevant court (often also includes indictments, pleadings etc) – URLS later </li></ul><ul><li>Worldlii </li></ul><ul><li>Westlaw </li></ul><ul><li>Interights - Key human rights cases from Commonwealth (domestic and international courts and tribunals) </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (esp UN committees) </li></ul><ul><li>University of Minnesota Human Rights Library (esp Inter American Court of Human Rights) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Where to find other stuff… <ul><li>Basic Court documents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PICT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web site of the relevant court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Annual reports etc </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web site of the relevant court or its parent body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Minnesota Human Rights library </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Westlaw : <ul><li>International Legal Materials </li></ul><ul><li>International Court of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>European Court of Human Rights </li></ul>
    7. 7. Westlaw <ul><li>Search ECHR from “ UK cases ” screen </li></ul><ul><li>International courts / International Legal Materials are hard to find. To find them: Westlaw International > Directory > All Westlaw Databases > International/Worldwide > Multinational > Court and Tribunal Cases </li></ul>
    8. 8. Find Westlaw International under services – this has Non UK/EU materials
    9. 11. To search cases from selected courts To search International Legal Materials. Includes treaties, UN resolutions and declarations, cases. From Legislation choose “International Legal Materials”
    10. 13. Database selected Combine terms using connectors Rape within the same sentence as ethnic
    11. 14. To see all results To search within results To jump to your keywords Print, save, e-mail etc
    12. 15. Worldlii @ http:// <ul><li>26 international courts including: </li></ul><ul><li>ICJ </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda Decisions 2004- </li></ul><ul><li>International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia 1996- </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Committee against Torture Decisions 1993- </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 1988- </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Human Rights Committee 1977- </li></ul><ul><li>European Court of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-American Court of Human Rights 1981- (Selected) </li></ul><ul><li>Interights Commonwealth Human Rights Law 1992-2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Interights International Human Rights Law 1981-2001 </li></ul>
    13. 16. International Courts and Tribunals
    14. 17. 1. Choose court(s). Either check the boxes next to the court(s) you want to search OR choose a pre selected group of courts (e.g. All Human Rights Courts). 2. Enter search terms. Use the following connectors: AND, OR, NOT NEAR – within 50 words w/n –term 1 within n terms of term 2 Pre/n –term 1 must precede term 2 by n terms *truncation symbol Check when last judgement was added to Worldlii
    15. 18. Sort options To see results from one particular court (or database) only
    16. 19. Interights <ul><li>Key human rights cases from international courts and tribunals and domestic courts in the Commonwealth </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    17. 20. Search using the box below
    18. 21. Cases listed with name, court/organ and keywords. You can sort using the arrows at the top of each field
    19. 22. Notes for specific courts
    20. 23. International Court of Justice
    21. 24. ICJ: Research Guides & Reference Works <ul><li>UN research guide includes a section on the ICJ @ http:// </li></ul><ul><li>International Court of Justice Yearbook Internat 725 c 858 j-k </li></ul><ul><li>Summaries of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders of the International Court of Justice Internat 121a </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography of the International Court of Justice Internat 400 c858 </li></ul>
    22. 25. ICJ: Judgments in print <ul><li>(Reports of) Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Orders – Internat 121 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual index </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pleadings, Oral Arguments, Documents – Internat 122 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation relating to each case (e.g. application, written and oral proceedings, documents submitted to the court, selected correspondence etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Published after the end of the case in the original language </li></ul></ul>
    23. 26. ICJ online <ul><li>ICJ web site @ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full text of judgments (contentious cases) /advisory opinions (advisory proceedings) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Related documents (e.g. application, oral and written proceedings, orders, summaries, press releases) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not good for subject searching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Worldlii and Westlaw </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferable for subject searching </li></ul></ul>
    24. 27. Background information – history, how the court works, judges etc Text of judgments and advisory opinions and related documents Statute of the Court, rules of procedure etc Information about the courts’ jurisdiction THE ICJ website
    25. 28. International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda International Criminal Court Special Court for Sierra Leone Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor
    26. 29. International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia <ul><li>UN research guide @ http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Basic documents, annual reports @ http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Judgments in print </li></ul><ul><li>The Judicial Reports/ Recueils judiciaires Internat 580 I63c </li></ul><ul><li>Judgments online </li></ul><ul><li>ITY web site @ http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Westlaw </li></ul><ul><li>Worldlii (not entirely up to date) </li></ul>
    27. 30. International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda <ul><li>UN Research Guide @ http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><li>ICTR website @ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indictments, decisions, judgments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status of pending cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual reports etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Westlaw (indictments, decisions, judgments) </li></ul><ul><li>Worldlii </li></ul>
    28. 31. Other international courts… <ul><li>International Criminal Court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UN research guides @ http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxford Reports on International Law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special Court for Sierra Leone @ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxford Reports on International Law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor @ / </li></ul>
    29. 32. Decisions of UN Treaty Committees
    30. 33. UN Treaty Bodies Decisions <ul><li>Information about the treaty bodies at @ </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty bodies database @ http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Worldlii </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands Institute of Human Rights http:// / </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexed by subject, keyword, state, name etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Once connected choose Databases > Case Law </li></ul></ul>
    31. 34. Click on the > next to the relevant body The Treaty Bodies Database
    32. 37.
    33. 38. Cases before UN committees Cases before ECHR Cases before tribunals for Yugoslavia / Rwanda Comments by treaty bodies in response to country reports
    34. 39. Browse by treaty article, subject, keyword, country etc
    35. 40. European Court of Human Rights
    36. 41. European Court of Human Rights: Judgments <ul><li>Official Reports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before 1 Nov 1998 known as Series A and numbered consecutively e.g. Plattform ‘Ärtze für das Leben’ v Austria (App no 10126/82) (1988) Series A no 139 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After 1 Nov 1998 - Renamed Reports of Judgments and Decisions (cited ECHR) e.g. Osman v UK (App no 23452/94) ECHR 1998-VIII 3124 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available in print at Internat 121 and online on Justis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>European Human Rights Reports (EHRR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. Young, James and Webster v UK (App no 7601/76) (1982) 4 EHRR 38 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available in print at Internat 150 E60 on Westlaw </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OSCOLA – Cite Official Reports or EHRR </li></ul>
    37. 42. ECHR: Transcripts <ul><li>Court Transcripts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court web site – HUDOC - http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldlii </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands Institute </li></ul></ul>
    38. 43. European Human Rights Caselaw on Westlaw <ul><li>UK section of Westlaw includes ECHR judgments </li></ul><ul><li>European Court of Human Rights Reports (includes all court judgments and selected commission decisions) </li></ul>
    39. 44. From the Westlaw UK home page choose the ‘Cases’ option at the top and then choose “Advanced Search” for more options
    40. 45. Using the boxes you can search the full text of the judgment for keywords, for the party names for specific cases or using specific legislation. There is also the option to search for cases that have cited other cases
    41. 46. Full text of the case <ul><li>Case Analysis has related information including: </li></ul><ul><li>List of reports of the case </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of the issues </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation considered in the judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier cases considered in the judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Later cases which have considered this judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Commentary on the judgment </li></ul>
    42. 47. Subject searching e.g. ECHR cases on the death penalty
    43. 48. ECHR web site <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Documents and texts of the court </li></ul><ul><li>Database of transcripts of judgments and commission decisions </li></ul><ul><li>To go direct to the transcripts database </li></ul>
    44. 49. Links through to the basic text including the Convention as well as the Case-law (HUDOC). You can also access HUDOC from the link in the top right. Reports section includes annual and activity reports for the court.
    45. 50. Choose which parts of the collections you wish to search. It defaults to judgments only – if you need admissibility decisions (including those made by the Commission before it ceased in 1999) you need to choose decisions as well If you are searching by subject it may be best to narrow it down by article first or use the text box. If you are looking for a specific case then use the application number (e.g. 24276/94) if you have it. If not use the case title to put the party name in and then the state. User guides and help with keywords are available as well as guides to citation.
    46. 51. Analytical information including dates, party names, who the case was referred by, Strasbourg case law cited, keywords, durable URL Keywords in context – finds your keywords and displays sorrounding text Links to related information
    47. 52. Inter American Human Rights
    48. 53. Inter American Commission on Human Rights <ul><li>Inter American Commission on Human Rights @ http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases section of the Commission web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Minnesota index to Commission cases @ </li></ul></ul>
    49. 54. Cases Background information including relationship of Commission and Court Reports from special rapporteurs, country reports, cases, work with the court
    50. 55. Inter American Court of Human Rights <ul><li>Reports of judgments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Series A – Judgments and opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Series B – Pleadings, Oral Arguments and Documents (relating to series A) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Series C – Decisions and judgments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Series D - Pleadings, Oral Arguments and Documents (relating to series C) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finding Cases online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court web site @ http:// / – Spanish versions appear first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Minnesota @ - Judgments, opinions and decisions + related documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldlii </li></ul></ul>
    51. 56. Statute of the court, rules of procedure, composition, history etc <ul><li>Browse judgments chronologically or by country </li></ul><ul><li>Text in word / pdf </li></ul>Annual reports – includes cases Search for judgment by keywords or by country/date range
    52. 57. Other useful Inter-American sites <ul><li>University of Minnesota Human Rights Library </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Choose Regional Materials
    53. 58. Links through to the Commission and the Court