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Evaluation question 1 powerpoint


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Evaluation question 1 powerpoint

  1. 1. Evaluation Question 1 How did you USE, DEVELOP or CHALLENGE codes and conventions of real media products?
  2. 2. My final media product 'Victoria Halls', a trailer for a melodramatic style soap uses many codes and conventions of real soap operas, especially melodramas. When doing my initial research before developing my final product I looked into real soap operas such as 'Coronation Street', 'Hollyoak’s', 'The only way is Essex' etc. to gain real and full knowledge of the genre and the sub-genres within. The main codes and conventions differ depending on the type of soap, however some are consistent within all soap operas. These include: -Multi-strand Narratives -This means having more than just one storyline at one particular time, however still understandable and easy to follow for the audience. It enables multiple parallel narratives and convergence. This will make the soap more exciting and interesting for the audience and will also enable the soap to cover different everyday issues against each other to represent the contrast between different people and the issues they are facing. (There are usually around 4 different storylines in soap trailers and episodes) -Main cast members/characters - Every soap has several main characters that the story lines revolve around. Some new characters will often come in and out but generally soaps do have main characters that their audience have grown to know and love, they will all be relatable and recognisable. -Story lines surrounding everyday issues - Most soap operas cover issues such as relationship issues, homosexuality, drug and alcohol abuse, pregnancy, death etc. which will provide escapism and entertainment but may also be relatable for the audience and issues they may be facing in their life. (e.g. a story line around bullying may be relatable for someone who is being bullied themselves, a parent of a child being bullied, or someone who is bullying someone else). The storylines may inspire, help, excite etc. depending on the person and the issues they are facing. -Regional Identity - Soaps are usually in regional places that will again allow the audience to relate to them. For example, 'Coronation Street' has a regional identity around Manchester and the setting and characters reflect this. e.g. the characters speak with a Manchester accent, the characters will wear clothes and styles that are popular in the Manchester area with the given age range each character is representing. -Consistent settings - Most soaps have particular places where story lines will reoccur and that will be recognisable for the audience. For example 'The Rovers Return Pub' in coronation street is a key setting where many storylines unfold. -Theme tune - All soap operas have a theme tune at the start and end of each episode and this theme tune may also be used in trailers. The theme tune will be ideal for the programme and its specific audience, for example 'Hollyoaks' has a loud, upbeat, pop style theme tune which is suitable for the audience of teenagers and young adults.
  3. 3. After researching the sub-genres within soap which are Realism, Scripted Reality, Melodrama, Australian Soap, American Fantasy and Telenovelas, I decided to create a Melodrama Soap Opera. I therefore looked closer at melodramas such as 'Hollyoaks' and 'Waterloo Road' to gain ideas and identify the main codes and conventions my media product should include. The main codes and conventions I identified upon doing my research within melodramatic soaps and USED within my final product are…
  4. 4. Melodramas, like most genres of soap have a multi-strand narrative within the programmes and their trailers. Like the example of Hollyoaks below, I have included a multi-strand narrative in my trailer to make it interesting and have an impact on the audience. Most of the storylines in 'Hollyoaks' are very dramatic and less realistic than the storylines in 'Coronation Street' or scripted reality's such as 'Geordie Shore' etc. I have done this within my Soap programme idea and my final product by including 5 different storyline's in my trailer, these include: Teenage pregnancy, Cheating and relationship issues, Friendship issues, Drug and alcohol abuse and homosexuality. Multi-strand narratives that include exaggerated storylines, acting and characters. My final product and the multi-strand narrative’s I have included. Relationship/cheating issues Homosexuality Drug and alcohol abuse Teenage Pregnancy Friendship issues Example from Hollyoaks- A real melodrama trailer with a multi-strand narrative. Relationship/cheating issues HomosexualityIllness/death issues Drug IssuesMurder threats/abuse
  5. 5. Young main characters- Melodramas are usually aimed at teenagers and young adults which is evident from soaps such as 'Waterloo Road' which is dominated by teenage characters and although some ' of the characters in 'Hollyoaks' are older (such as parents, grandparents, teachers and families etc.) the majority are teenagers and young adults and the main storylines usually surround them. I have complied with the convention of young characters in my final product as I have included 5 main characters that are all around the age of 18 in which the storylines revolve around. I have slightly challenged real soap operas with my final product as there are no older adults at all and I have only slightly included a sense of Propp's theory as the only character holding a strong character type is 'Jake' who is represented to be an exaggerated Villain as he is neglecting and becoming aggressive to his pregnant girlfriend, neglecting his best friend and is also cheating on his girlfriend. The character stereotypes are also very exaggerated in melodramatic soaps, for example 'Ziggy' in 'Hollyoaks' is represented as a stereotypical 'player' - fit, attractive young male who messes girls around and is obsessed with his looks and girls. This is conveyed through the storylines he is involved in and also the clothes he wears. Melodramas do also often act upon Propp's theory of character types with the use of exaggerated heroes and villains and other stereotypes to make the soap more effective.
  6. 6. Melodramas usually cover serious issues that teenagers and young adults face as they are growing up but will also contain issues and storylines that will involve older characters. These usually include aspects of homosexuality, relationship issues, drug and alcohol problems, pregnancy, illnesses etc. this is to provide both entertainment and escapism for the audience and may also be relatable and provide advice, help, excitement, inspiration etc. for the target audience. In my trailer I have used 5 effective issues to base my storyline's around which are a mixture of emotional, exciting and interesting issues including teenage pregnancy, Cheating and relationship issues, Friendship issues, Drug and alcohol abuse and homosexuality. I have included a vast range of topics to focus on and therefore this is ideal for a melodramatic soap as the majority of the audience will be able to relate to and be intrigued by the issues within the trailer. Relationship/cheating issues Homosexuality Drug and alcohol abuse Teenage Pregnancy Friendship issues The storylines I have included in my trailer cover similar storylines to real trailers such as ‘Hollyoaks’ Relationship/cheating issues HomosexualityIllness/death issues Drug IssuesMurder threats/abuse
  7. 7. Settings that are consistent and again relatable for the target audience - Melodramas, like many real soap operas, will have consistent settings that are memorable and known by the audience. The settings are suitable and relevant to the particular genre of soap. For exapmle in 'Hollyoaks' the reoccuring settings include 'The Club', 'The Dog in Pond Pub', 'College Coffee‘, 'Hollyoaks 6th Form College' etc. (as shown below) which are all relatable and relevant to the soap and the target audience of late teenagers/young adults. In my trailer I have included different settings that will be suitable and relevant for the characters and the target audience, these include: 'Pub beer garden', 'University halls kitchen and bedroom', 'Park' and 'Streets in Manchester' (the regional area the programme is set in).
  8. 8. Disequilibrium-Many melodramas contain a theory by Todorov, this is where a storyline will start with an equilibrium, which will then be disturbed by a disequilibrium (a chain of events that will cause drama ) The problem will then be solved and restored to return back to the equilibrium. This is effective as it is exciting and intriguing for the reader and make them try and solve/guess the outcome of the storyline. Usually in trailers there is a series of short clips showing a short revelation of problem/issue that is about to disrupt the equilibrium. I have done this in my trailer by revealing short clips of the problem/issues. For example, my storyline surrounding teenage pregnancy shows a CU on a pregnancy test followed by the dialogue "This can't be happening " and then cuts to the next shot. This is effective as it shows the topic causing the disequilibrium and leaves the audience interested and enticed in the storyline and the outcome. to the CU on Tara saying “This can’t be happening” This CU shot of the pregnancy test pans up Which then cuts to this title card reading “drama” for dramatic effect.
  9. 9. Regional Identity-Melodramas usually have a regional identity and are set in a particular area for example 'Hollyoaks' is set in the fictional suburb called Chester. This is reflected through the characters, dialect, the costume and the setting etc. of the soap. There is a strong sense of regional identity in my melodrama as all the actors have a Manchester accent, they wear clothes that represent teenagers and young adults in Manchester such as 'Adidas jackets and gazelle trailers, Fred Perry polo shirts, clothes from Topshop etc. which are popular brands relating to the target audience. The filming location is also in different areas around Manchester. ADIDAS JACKET, POLO SHIRT. ADIDAS JACKET, FRED PERRY POLO SHIRT. TOPSHOP FUR COAT, TOPSHOP JEANS.
  10. 10. There are also certain camera shots/angles and technical editing techniques melodramas use within their programmes and trailers to make them effective and memorable for potential and existing audiences. I have again USED these technical codes in my final product to make it as believable and professional as I possibly could. These include:
  11. 11. Shot reverse shot with MCU's -A convention of all soaps including melodramas, these camera shots are used consistently throughout episodes and are also used in melodrama soap trailers to show quick and effective conversations with the camera close enough to show each characters emotions and reactions. Shot reverse shot's are extremely important to clearly reveal conversation between different characters and they are key in ensuring that the audience understand and are following different storylines. I have included a MCU Shot Reverse Shot in my final product to show a realistic conversation between the two characters 'Hol' and 'Millie', ensuring my audience can follow and understand the storyline. This is an example of the shot reverse shot from my final product . This is an example of the shot reverse shot from a real medial product ‘Hollyoaks’.
  12. 12. -CU's - Close up camera shots on characters faces are used a lot in melodramas to reveal emotions which will assist the audience in establishing how the characters are feeling e.g. if they are upset, angry, happy etc. These shots are used at key points in different scenes and parts of the trailers as they add impact and tension as they exaggerate the revelation of the characters emotions. This close up shot I have used in my trailer is after the over the shoulder shot shown below, I have used the CU here to show the reaction and anger 'Simon' is feeling. It also adds tension as it leaves the audience unsure on what 'Simon' will do. Example of a close up shot from Hollyoaks.
  13. 13. Over the shoulder shot - Over the shoulder shots are used to reveal what one character may be overlooking, they engage the audience as they are again left unsure and wondering what the character overlooking the particular event will do. I have used this over the shoulder shot in my trailer to reveal 'Simon' catching 'Jake' cheat on 'Tara' with 'Hol'. This adds extreme effect as the audience know that the two characters have been caught and their secret is potentially out. The audience will be intrigued and engaged as they will be left trying to solve and guess the outcome. Natural Lighting- Similar to most soap operas, I have also used scenes with natural lighting (as shown in the over the shoulder shot below) throughout my trailer to create the relatable effect for the audience. However, melodramas do sometimes edit the lighting to portray different feelings in their trailers such as dark lighting to convey mysterious messages through the trailer. This is an example from a Hollyoaks trailer.
  14. 14. -Framing Shots- Carefully constructed framing shots are used throughout soap programmes and trailers, especially melodramas, to clearly portray the relationships and conflict between different characters. This framed shot I have used in my trailer is very effective in revealing the relationship between the three female characters in the melodrama. As 'Tara' has been placed in the centre off the shot, it becomes clear that she is lonely and depressed and also shows that there is significant conflict and 'bitchiness' between the female characters. This is an example from a real media product, a Coronation Street trailer.
  15. 15. -High and low camera angles- In many soaps and especially melodramas, different angled camera shots are used for example, low camera angles are used to represent intimidation and fear and high angle shots will be used to represent characters who may be looking down on other characters for example 'a teacher telling a student off'. In my trailer I have used this low angle shot to show 'Tara' being intimidated and feeling 'low' and depressed in the way 'Jake' has reacted to the news of her pregnancy. This will give the audience a clear idea of exactly how 'Jake' is making her feel. 'Jake's' aggression is also emphasised through the low angle shot which creates the exaggerated drama in this scene. This is an example from a Hollyoaks episode from a storyline surrounding domestic violence.
  16. 16. Non-diegetic Music - Not all soaps do, but melodramas especially use non- diegetic music in episodes and trailers on a regular basis. This is done for effect and to exaggerate the drama created in the episode/trailer. The non-diegetic used is usually relevant to the characters feelings for example in this trailer of 'Hollyoaks' for a 'Valentines day' trailer, a slow but slightly sinister love song has been used to create a mysterious feeling which reflects both the characters feelings and how they are being represented in this particular trailer. In my trailer I have used non-diegetic music that is suitable for the target audience and that is relevant to the atmosphere and feelings created. The non-diegetic music also adds dramatic effect to my melodramatic trailer as the tempo gradually gets faster throughout the trailer, the lyrics in the song were also carefully considered and again link to the storylines e.g."don’t bring me down' "don't tell me our youth is running out it's only just begun". The song I used in my trailer is called ‘Foxes AC Dubstep remix’ by Youth and we sourced it from ‘Soundcloud’.
  17. 17. Panning and Fast Cuts- Edits such as panning and fast cuts are used in melodramas to add to the effect and make certain revelations more dramatic, the fast cuts are used to leave the audience unsure and on the edge wondering what will happen. I have an effective panning shot at the start of my trailer after the close up on the pregnancy test to slowly reveal who is pregnant. I have also used fast cuts constantly to make the trailer create as much tension as possible. This is the slow panning shot from the pregnancy test upwards to slowly reveal which character may or may not be pregnant.
  18. 18. Editing- The use of text- In my soap trailer I used text to make the trailer much more dramatic and to convey some messages about what the audience should expect from the storyline. This is used in real media products for the same effect. Below are some examples of the way I have done it and an example from a real media text.
  19. 19. Technology- In melodramas, such as this example from 'Hollyoaks', technology is incorporated within the soap to make the programme relevant to modern day, the characters being represented and their audience. Showing text messages through trailers and episodes is another way of involving the audience and making the storylines understandable. In my trailer I have used several shots of mobile phones revealing messages from other characters to incorporate technology and also to make the trailer interesting and easy to follow. This is an example of the way technology has been used in Hollyoaks.
  20. 20. How I CHALLENGED conventions of real media products The time and channel the soap is aired on is very important. As melodramas are usually aimed at teenagers and young adults they will most likely be students at college/university, therefore the soap will not be aired in the daytime as they are inconvenient for the audience. For example, 'Waterloo Road' is broadcasted at 8pm, usually on a Thursday evening on BBC1 and 'Hollyoaks' is aired at 6:30pm on channel 4. Both these programmes have been carefully created to make them accessible and convenient for their viewers. These programmes have also been broadcasted at a suitable time as they are not too late and the audience will then be able to go on a night out, which many college and university students will do on a regular basis, and not miss an episode. I have challenged this slightly as my programme is broadcasted at 9pm which is later than the two examples above but I found it suitable as it is after the watershed so the content of my programme can be more intense and interesting for the audience. My programme is on E4 which is a relevant channel for a melodrama as programmes such as 'Hollyoaks first look' and 'Hollyoaks Later' are aired on E4.
  21. 21. How did you USE, DEVELOP or CHALLENGE codes and conventions of real media products for my ancillary products ? My first ancillary product, the soap magazine front cover, uses many codes and conventions from real media products which I discovered upon research. When planning my flat plan and my final soap magazine front cover I had various real magazine front covers to influence me and gain knowledge of how to make an effective front cover. The codes and conventions include: -Masthead -Main image -Secondary storylines and images -Banner -Bright Bold colour scheme -Buttons
  22. 22. Masthead - The mastheads for soap magazines, as evident in my final product, are always in a large bold font and use a bright colour to ensure that they stand out to the audience. Throughout researching soap magazines I also identified that the mastheads are in the top quarter of the page which is conventional of most genres of magazine front covers, some soap magazines also place a shadow effect behind their masthead to make it look as if it is coming out of the page. This is the my final mast head 'Revealed', I have used the bold font with the bright red colour to create the effective, eye- catching masthead. The name of my magazine was also influenced by real media products such as 'inside soap' 'all about soap' etc. These are some of the real magazine mastheads that influenced me when designing my masthead.
  23. 23. Caption - Most soap magazines have a caption underneath the masthead which in this example is 'EVERY STORY!, EVERY SECRET!, EVERY WEEK!'. This is very effective as it excites the reader and suggests that this magazine 'InsideSoap' includes everything they need to know about soaps at that current time. I have complied with this convention and created my own caption for my magazine which as shown below reads "Suspense, Secrets, Shocks...Soap!" which is short but effective in summing up the context of the magazine and similarly to the example, excites the reader. I have also formatted the caption so that it is in the same bold font as the masthead but much smaller and in a different colour but still bright.
  24. 24. -Main Image-The main image takes up the majority of the magazine front cover, therefore it needs to be an effective image, usually revealing a big story coming up in the particular soap, is also covered by a title- large, bold, bright text e.g. 'LOVE FOR SHARON!'. In this example the text is short and worded effectively and is also capitalised and punctuated with an exclamation mark, this will again be so that the story jumps out, intriguing the reader. In this example the title is also on a slant, this works really well as it is noticeable and ensures the front cover looks busy, reflecting the soaps and the content of the magazine. On my magazine front cover I have used this image as it clearly represents conflict between these two characters as the character at the front of the image has a 'smug' look on her face whereas the character slightly behind has a more serious look. This title over my main image, 'SHOCK REVENGE! What's Tara's plan?' works very well in summing up the storyline in an enticing way but also engages and involves the reader with the question. The use of question marks is also very conventional of this genre of magazine front covers. These are some of the soap magazines I researched when looking for inspiration and conventions of real main images.
  25. 25. -Secondary storylines and images -Around and under the main image there are several 'secondary story lines' again consisting of images with bright, bold text over them, However as they are secondary story lines they are much smaller than the main image. The summarised headings are again short and effective such as ' EMMERDALE LOVE TRIANGE EXPLODES' in this example which reveals the main, shocking information but doesn't give away too much. Some of the sub-headings are also questions such as 'WHO'S KATS LOVER?' which makes the reader question and interested in the storyline and what the magazine may have to reveal. I have used 4 secondary images on my soap magazine, two of which are storylines and 2 which are more 'exclusive' aspects of the magazine such as 'MEET THE CAST' which is again conventional of soap magazines. I have used many colours, text and borders on the secondary images and storylines to keep a bright colour scheme and also to maintain the 'busy' look of the magazine. My secondary storylines. Secondary storylines from real media products.
  26. 26. -Banner-Soap magazine front covers also contain a banner at the top of the page which is again in a bright colour to ensure that the readers don't miss them. On the banners there are usually buttons with promotions or snaps of information on such as 'BIGGEST EVER ISSUE' which would excite the reader and make them want to buy the 'biggest issue ever'. The banners also usually contain an image with another storyline which fills the front cover and means that the reader is intrigued straight away when reading the magazine. On my magazine front cover I have constructed my banner to ensure it contains two buttons, a secondary image and title to make it look full and engage the readers.
  27. 27. Overall view of conventions I have adhered to with influences from ‘Soaplife’ – A real media product.
  28. 28. How did you USE, DEVELOP or CHALLENGE codes and conventions of real media products for my ancillary products ? My second ancillary product, the billboard poster, uses many codes and conventions from real media products which I discovered upon research. When planning my flat plan and my final billboard poster, I had various real billboard posters to influence me and gain knowledge of how to make an effective billboard poster. The codes and conventions include: -Landscape image including the main characters. -Main image -Enigma code -Channel logo/broadcast time and date -Effective image e.g. with meaning or a message behind the image.
  29. 29. -Landscape image including the main characters. Landscape images are effective as they allow the audience to identify the relationship between the characters very clearly. When researching real billboards I also noticed that the landscape images were much more enticing. Some billboard posters also use a landscape image to reveal the mise en scene (setting) for the programme or upcoming episodes. However, I have challenged this slightly as I have used a black background to enable the colours of the characters to stand out. Below are some billboard posters I was influenced by when deciding on the image I was going to use.
  30. 30. Enigma code- Enigma codes are used to intrigue the audiences and ask them a question to make them try and solve what will happen. Enigma codes work most effectively when they link to the image on he billboard poster to create an overall dramatic effect. They reveal limited information about the upcoming soap or episode but enough information to entice the audience and make them excited or perhaps anxious about what is going to happen. On the Hollyoaks billboard below, one of the main billboard posters which influenced me, the enigma code ‘The week that will change Hollyoaks forever’ and the image combined, clearly give an insight that there is going to be a lot of drama in the next week of that particular programme, drawing the audience in. I have used a rhetorical question for the enigma code on my billboard which will really make the audience think about the possible events.
  31. 31. Channel logo/broadcast time and date- Every real billboard poster I researched contained the channels logo, the day/date and the time the particular programme was going to be broadcast. It is extremely important that the billboard poster presents this information so that the audience can clearly see when the programme is starting and what channel to find it on. Without the date, time and title on the programme’s advertisement, it could result in limited viewers. I have ensured that the channel E4’s logo, the day ‘Friday’ and the time ‘9pm’ is on my billboard poster and that I have placed and presented it in a clear way.
  32. 32. Effective image e.g. with meaning or a message behind the image.- When doing my initial research I realised that the most effective images had clear and strong messages behind them. I have adhered to this convention, firstly by the way I have arranged the characters to produce the overall image and also through the facial expressions I directed when taking the images on the green screen. This character is having a difficult time relating to his sexuality and therefore I have portrayed him to look ‘concerned and very deep in thought’. This character is currently involved with another characters boyfriend/ex-boyfriend therefore I have used this image as she looks very smug and sly. This character is the main character in the soap and the trailer. She is going through a very hard time and has just discovered she is pregnant and her boyfriend/ex boyfriend wants nothing to do with it and she also finds out he has been going behind her back with her so called friend. This is why she has been represented to look very depressed on my billboard poster. This character quite mature , reserved and level headed within the soap so I have therefore portrayed her to look quite thoughtful and sensible through her eye contact and facial expression which doesn’t really give away much. This character is currently neglecting his pregnant girlfriend, going behind her back with her so called friend and rejecting his best friend who is trying to open up about his sexuality. He is represented to not care about anything and therefore shown to look very smug on the billboard poster. This billboard poster was another influence on me when creating my billboard poster as it creates a very deep and meaningful message behind the organisation and facial expressions of the characters.