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British society

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British society

  1. 1. BRITISH SOCIETY AND IMMIGRATION
  2. 2. <ul><li>It is likely that everyone taking part in this lesson is descended from immigrants - it is just a question of how far back you go. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 25AD 455 480AD 990 1066 1320 1570 1880 1948 1960 21 st Century
  4. 4. <ul><li>Travelling bands of Celts were the first to invade Britain. They brought with them new methods of forging metal, making things from iron ploughs and horse shoes to delicate jewellery. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>From 43 AD until the end of the 4 th Century the Romans settled and integrated with local tribes.   </li></ul>They brought with them their engineering and road construction skills, and built bridges, baths and heating systems.
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Germanic tribes of the Angles, Saxons, Frisians and Jutes colonised Southern England, establishing new settlements and cultivating the land. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Vikings were superb boat builders. They introduced their heroic tales to Northern England and East Anglia, and possibly brought the game of chess. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Normans conquered Britain in 1066, and imposed a legal and administrative system much of which still exists today. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>M edieval Britain benefited from the immigration of Jewish businessmen, scholars and doctors. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In the 16 th century the Huguenots, fleeing from religious persecution in France, settled in London, Norwich and Canterbury. They brought their skills of silk weaving and silver-smithing. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In Victorian times the need to transport goods to and from the mills led to a rapid expansion of the transport system - work that was undertaken by labourers from Ireland. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Thousands of citizens from across the British Empire fought for Britain during the two world wars. At the end of the WW11 there was a shortage of workers, and many who had fought for Britain came to live here. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Doctors, nurses, teachers, bus drivers, factory workers etc. came from countries across the empire to help re-build Britain. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Nowadays where there is a shortage of dentists, doctors, builders, hotel workers or cleaners, it is often people from Eastern Europe who come to fill the gap. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Throughout the ages people have come to Britain, fleeing from poverty or war. </li></ul><ul><li>In many cases they have been desperate, and prepared to take enormous risks. </li></ul>
  16. 16. So what is so great about Britain, that people want to live here?
  17. 17. Good for Work <ul><li>low unemployment rate (under 5%) </li></ul><ul><li>a typical work week of 35 hours </li></ul><ul><li>generous leave, maternity </li></ul><ul><li>and paternity benefits </li></ul><ul><li>12 public holidays </li></ul><ul><li>good salaries </li></ul><ul><li>reasonable taxes. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Social and Cultural <ul><li>it is a multi-cultural society </li></ul><ul><li>most people are tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>the crime rate is low </li></ul><ul><li>lively theatre, music, art </li></ul><ul><li>it has beautiful scenery </li></ul><ul><li>fascinating historical sites & buildings. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Education <ul><li>Britain is a world leader in education </li></ul><ul><li>world famous universities </li></ul><ul><li>education is free </li></ul>
  20. 20. Health and Welfare <ul><li>free healthcare available to every one. </li></ul><ul><li>a welfare system which supports people through hard times. </li></ul>
  21. 21. So what would it be like to arrive in Great Britain as a newcomer?
  22. 22. <ul><li>So we turn full circle. Perhaps Britain is a Great country to live in because of the influence of all the many different individuals, groups, races and cultures that have come here. </li></ul><ul><li>They have established our systems of government, contributed to our pursuit of knowledge, added to our wealth, commerce and industry, and shaped our music, art, sport and diet. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Glossary <ul><li>immigrant - someone who has come from another country to live in Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>descended - related by ancestry </li></ul><ul><li>integrate - mix, come together </li></ul><ul><li>colonise - settle, make your home somewhere </li></ul><ul><li>persecute - bully, single out </li></ul>
  24. 24. Useful Web Links <ul><li>Migration Histories </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.movinghere.org.uk/galleries/histories/default.htm - a detailed resource on the migration histories of ,amongst others, Carribbean, Irish, Jewish, South Asian peoples to the U.K </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.movinghere.org.uk – an invaluable resource tracking 200 years of migration to the U.K including current debates, teaching resources, information, links and profiles </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.100greatblackbritons.com/links.html - 100 great Black Britons and a list of invaluable educational resources and links </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.black-history-month.co.uk – Black History Month </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/ - free online teaching resources and educational games for key stages 2-5 on amongst others, the end of the British Empire </li></ul>
  25. 25. Useful Web Links <ul><li>Migration, Refugees, Asylum </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.refugee-action.org.uk/information/Links.aspx - Refugee Action a national charity, an invaluable resource for links, learning and the voices of refugees to the U.K </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/citizenx/being/rights/animation.shtml - a young asylum seeker starts at a secondary school in Britain, a short animation with lesson pointers about the life, questions and issues of asylum seekers in the U.K </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/club/your_reports/newsid_3075000/3075789.stm - Lots of children have to claim asylum in the U.K, a selection of case studies, read about their new lives in the U.K </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_1600000/newsid_1607000/1607077.stm - a comprehensive guide to asylum for children </li></ul>

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