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The paper traces the evolution of the multi-million industry of e-books. This has grown tremendously over the period since the period Gutenberg was formed. The paper attempts to make a detailed history of evolution the e-books. This paper will look at various technologies that have been used to make material s readable and avail them to the users. Some companies such as Amazon have innovative products offered to various markets. The publishers team up with these companies to offer their books to the user at a fee. This means that, protection in the form of security to ensure the companies gain as well as the publishers. This is because of practices such as piracy which threatens the publishers and copyrights owners. The e-book has also led to the growth of the publishing industry with the small players having got a platform to market their books through avenues such as Amazon.
Background of e-books
The field of electronic publishing started in the year 1971 when a gentleman named Michael Hart. He was a student of University of Illinois when he came up with the Gutenberg idea of putting books into digital content. The platform ensures everyone with the access of the internet can read and get the materials. This shows the internet as a powerful tool for spread of information. Hart built the Gutenberg library with the pioneer book being the Declaration of independence which was sent to colleagues and friend.
The library was built slowly with the digitalization of the King James Bible in 1989 and subsequent works of William Shakespeare. In 2003, the library had Magna Carta in the collection and now has a collection of million copies of books that are available for readers. Gutenberg library inspired other libraries to come up their online libraries such that, they would create and distribute materials to as many readers as possible. The major objective of the Gutenberg library was based on the philosophy of sharing and preserving knowledge. These efforts of Hart were met with a lot of challenges mainly from the typing tedious volumes of books. However, later the advances in the field of technology brought scanners and computers which simplified e-books creation. The slow speed of the internet also hampered greatly the efforts to digitize the volumes of copies of books. With the advent of the World Wide Web, the field of e-books was revolutionized in the 1970s. This is because the technologies improved a lot and led to the expansion and creation of more libraries. These include Oregon Library, Kansas library and library of the Congress of America. Other projects in the recent past include Carnegie which launched the Universal Digital library which one can access content in all field of human knowledge.