James Abbott McNeill Whistler American-born,  Europe-based  (like Benjamin West) ART FOR ART'S SAKE Oils
1834 born in Massachusetts Dad = engineer, family moved to Russia 1847-8 traveled to London with mom,  loved the art world...
Dad dies, mom + Whistler  move back to US Tries West Point, terrible academically (Art was his only good subject) 1855 US ...
James Abbott McNeill Whistler Adopted the life of a bohemian Paris artist Taught by  Charles Gleyre , who  mentored French...
Unlike art academies of the time were  teaching, Whistler believed in  art for art's sake Moods and emotions with subtle c...
Symphony in White,  No. 1: The White Girl  (1862) Arrangement in Grey and  Black: The Artist's Mother  (1872)
Nocturne in Black  and Gold: The  Falling Rocket (1874)   Art critique  John  Ruskin , a Turner  supporter, accused  Whist...
Before 1870s when Impressionists made Japanese woodblock prints trendy,  Whistler showed Far East influences Admired Chine...
Purple and Rose: The Lange Leizen of the Six Marks 1864
1864 The model: Joanna Hiffernan Whistler's 1860s  Mistress, also in  Symphony in  White  paintings Posed for  Whistler's ...
1864 Seated, casual, relaxed Body = diagonal line, fills painting Chinese brocade robe, peaches and roses, dark purple und...
So basically, this. 1864 Look, purple and rose(s)! Just like the name!
1864 Holds up a brush in her  right hand like a painter Makeup accentuates  her dramatic features Hair pulled back in a  C...
Chinese things on  display  like in a shop TEACUP GINGER JAR TRAY FAN  w/ crane Behind her back:  Chinese brushes
Background is beige and brown  to make her robe and white + blue  porcelain more vivid Lange Leizen   refers to delicate  ...
White + blue porcelain began in China  in 14 th  century (1300s) 17 th  century (1600s): exported to Europe Europeans bega...
Romita Ray says while tea used to be  expensive, by the late 18 th  century it was a  national beverage In 1864,  90%  oft...
Whistler said he wanted art for art's sake, but art historians still examine it in its original context Viewers would have...
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James abbott mc neill whistler

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James abbott mc neill whistler

  1. 1. James Abbott McNeill Whistler American-born, Europe-based (like Benjamin West) ART FOR ART'S SAKE Oils
  2. 2. 1834 born in Massachusetts Dad = engineer, family moved to Russia 1847-8 traveled to London with mom, loved the art world 1845-8 art classes in St. Petersburg James Abbott McNeill Whistler
  3. 3. Dad dies, mom + Whistler move back to US Tries West Point, terrible academically (Art was his only good subject) 1855 US -> Europe for the rest of his life Works as a cartographer James Abbott McNeill Whistler
  4. 4. James Abbott McNeill Whistler Adopted the life of a bohemian Paris artist Taught by Charles Gleyre , who mentored French Impressionists Befriended Realist painter Gustave Courbet Learned master painting by himself through copying Rembrandt Emotional works with limited range of tones
  5. 5. Unlike art academies of the time were teaching, Whistler believed in art for art's sake Moods and emotions with subtle colors Beauty, not morals Named his paintings after music, emphasizing emotions over narrative James Abbott McNeill Whistler
  6. 6. Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl (1862) Arrangement in Grey and Black: The Artist's Mother (1872)
  7. 7. Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket (1874) Art critique John Ruskin , a Turner supporter, accused Whistler of “flinging a pot of paint in the public's face” Whistler successfully sued for libel, but reputation was damaged
  8. 8. Before 1870s when Impressionists made Japanese woodblock prints trendy, Whistler showed Far East influences Admired Chinese art, especially porcelain Collected porcelain from Oxford and Sloan St. shops, owned by Murray Marks Chinese things were readily available
  9. 9. Purple and Rose: The Lange Leizen of the Six Marks 1864
  10. 10. 1864 The model: Joanna Hiffernan Whistler's 1860s Mistress, also in Symphony in White paintings Posed for Whistler's friend Gustave Courbet too
  11. 11. 1864 Seated, casual, relaxed Body = diagonal line, fills painting Chinese brocade robe, peaches and roses, dark purple underlayer
  12. 12. So basically, this. 1864 Look, purple and rose(s)! Just like the name!
  13. 13. 1864 Holds up a brush in her right hand like a painter Makeup accentuates her dramatic features Hair pulled back in a Chinese court style
  14. 14. Chinese things on display like in a shop TEACUP GINGER JAR TRAY FAN w/ crane Behind her back: Chinese brushes
  15. 15. Background is beige and brown to make her robe and white + blue porcelain more vivid Lange Leizen refers to delicate ladies on porcelain (Long Eliza in Dutch) 6 marks = a Chinese character for authenticity
  16. 16. White + blue porcelain began in China in 14 th century (1300s) 17 th century (1600s): exported to Europe Europeans began copying motifs and styles (hence the need for 6 marks) British obsession with porcelain came from obsession with tea
  17. 17. Romita Ray says while tea used to be expensive, by the late 18 th century it was a national beverage In 1864, 90% oftea in England came from China Tea drove British imperialism In earlier times, England battled with the Dutch for control of tea exports (hence the use of the Dutch term Lange Leizen)
  18. 18. Whistler said he wanted art for art's sake, but art historians still examine it in its original context Viewers would have been aware of references to tea

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