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Chapter 4: Writing and Composing Text


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Chapter 4: Writing and Composing Text

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Writing: Composing text Alana Cross
  2. 2. What do you think??  70-75% of students K-12 – low achieving writers  College instructors say – 50% of high school grads are unprepared for college level writing  2/3 of students say – weekly writing assignments add up to less than 1 hr., actual teaching of writing -15 min./day  81% of employers – recent high school grads. deficient in written communication  The nation’s private companies now spend an estimated $3.1 billion per year—and state governments spend an additional $200 million—teaching their employees to write  Students average 3 minutes. of prewriting • Some Interesting Stats….
  3. 3. What Writing Is……???  Words  Purposeful  Risky  Assessment  Thinking  An art  Linear, process  Self-expressive  Reading  Communicative  Meaning  Grammar based  Self-taught  Quick  A springboard  Our Learning
  4. 4. The writing process  Considered a big step forward in writing  Prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, publishing  Always intended to be optional and recursive  Allowed for writing to be “messy”  Not useful for every kind of writing  Not a recipe or “magic formula”  Not neat and simple “Writing is both an art and a craft. Writing consists of recursive, discrete, tasks, including planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing.” (NWP)
  5. 5. “Some would argue that you aren’t really writing until you are revising.” Videos  Revision – Janet Angellilo  Revision – Linda Rief  Peer Review – writing Instruction  Scholastic Videos
  6. 6. The four Lenses  Meaning Centered – “We want students to mean what they say.”  Social – Writing should be surrounded by talk!! Problem with this?????  Language Based – the way we learn to write – related to how we learn to speak  Human – Finding your voice; “Writing with voice is writing into which someone has breathed…writing with real voice has the power to make you pay attention and understand.” (Peter Elbow)
  7. 7. Writing from different points of view can broaden your VOICE as a writer!  Tend to ask kids to write in first person POV – can be stifling!!  How many points of view could we ask kids to write from here?
  8. 8. Literacy Stages 1. Early Literacy Stage – preschool/kindergarten o Written language reflects speaking vocabulary 2. Expanding literacy Stage – grades 1-3 o Begin to master print/sound code/ can write about what they have learned/different types of writing 3. Enhancing Literacy Stage – upper elementary/ middle grades o More awareness of what they like and want to write about 4. Lifelong Literacy Stage – high school level o Functional writing is important!
  9. 9. What writers need  Rich environment of varied literature  opportunity to write/discuss  Instruction – good readers/writers/ strategies  Choice  Direction  Learn at own pace  Clear expectations  Opportunity to write about what they know best  Use writing to learn new material What do you see missing in today’s classrooms???
  10. 10. True then and now… • “Most of us write in multiple genres and formats determined by our needs, purposes and interests,. Our students’ writing can and should reflect the same authenticity, even within the bounds of required curriculum and standards.” (Routman, 1996)
  11. 11. Technology and writing  Not much to be said in this chapter…..  Can’t make anything required until there is equal access by all to computers Articles: Davis, A. (2009). “Proof-revising” with podcasting: Keeping readers in mind as students listen to and rethink their writing. Reading Teacher, 66(6) 522-529. Sweeney, S. (2010). Writing for the instant messaging and text messaging generations: Using new literacies to support writing instruction. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 54(2) 121-131.
  12. 12. Additional Resources Articles: Baroudy, I. (2008). Process writing: Successful and unsuccessful writing behaviors. International Journal of English Studies, 8(2), 43-63. Gibson, S. (2008). An effective framework for primary- grade guided writing instruction. The Reading Teacher, 62(4), 324-334. Kaplan, J. (2008). The national writing project: Creating a professional learning community that supports the teaching of writing. Theory in Practice, 47(4), 336-344. Read, S. (2010). A model for scaffolding writing instruction: IMSCI. The Reading Teacher, 64(1), 47-52. Wall, H. (2008). Interactive writing beyond the primary grades. The reading Teacher, 62(2), 149-152.
  13. 13. Websites: Alliance for Excellent Education Policy Brief http://www.all4ed/org/files/WritPrior.pdf KidPub bin/outsidesite.cgi?id=1179&external= kidpub/&original= e=KidPub Kid Writing OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab Penn State Online Pro Teacher Directory Sue LeuBeau: The Writing Process Survey Report: Problems With Writing Instruction
  14. 14. Websites The ABC’s of Writing The Writing Process: An Overview of Research on Teaching Writing as a Process (Research and Evaluation Report) The Writing Process: The Most Important Things to Know Writing with Writers Videos Scholastic (Includes revision videos) ors/ta_rief_motivation.htm Peer Review
  15. 15. Books