What do you think??
70-75% of students K-12 –
low achieving writers
College instructors say –
50% of high school grads
are unprepared for college
2/3 of students say – weekly
writing assignments add up
to less than 1 hr., actual
teaching of writing -15
81% of employers – recent
high school grads. deficient
in written communication
The nation’s private
companies now spend
an estimated $3.1
billion per year—and
spend an additional
their employees to
3 minutes. of
• Some Interesting Stats….
What Writing Is……???
The writing process
Considered a big step forward in writing
Prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, publishing
Always intended to be optional and recursive
Allowed for writing to be “messy”
Not useful for every kind of writing
Not a recipe or “magic formula”
Not neat and simple
“Writing is both an art and a craft. Writing consists of recursive,
discrete, tasks, including planning, drafting, revising, editing,
and publishing.” (NWP)
“Some would argue that you aren’t
really writing until you are revising.”
Revision – Janet Angellilo
Revision – Linda Rief
Peer Review – writing Instruction
The four Lenses
Meaning Centered – “We want students to
mean what they say.”
Social – Writing should be surrounded by
talk!! Problem with this?????
Language Based – the way we learn to
write – related to how we learn to speak
Human – Finding your voice;
“Writing with voice is writing into which someone has
breathed…writing with real voice has the power to make you
pay attention and understand.” (Peter Elbow)
Writing from different points of view can
broaden your VOICE as a writer!
Tend to ask kids to write in first
person POV – can be stifling!!
How many points of view
could we ask kids to write from
1. Early Literacy Stage – preschool/kindergarten
o Written language reflects speaking vocabulary
2. Expanding literacy Stage – grades 1-3
o Begin to master print/sound code/ can write about what
they have learned/different types of writing
3. Enhancing Literacy Stage – upper
elementary/ middle grades
o More awareness of what they like and want to write about
4. Lifelong Literacy Stage – high school level
o Functional writing is important!
What writers need
Rich environment of
Instruction – good
Learn at own pace
Opportunity to write
about what they
Use writing to learn
What do you see
missing in today’s
True then and now…
• “Most of us write in multiple
genres and formats determined
by our needs, purposes and
interests,. Our students’ writing
can and should reflect the
same authenticity, even within
the bounds of required
curriculum and standards.”
Technology and writing
Not much to be said in this chapter…..
Can’t make anything required until there is
equal access by all to computers
Davis, A. (2009). “Proof-revising” with podcasting: Keeping
readers in mind as students listen to and rethink their
writing. Reading Teacher, 66(6) 522-529.
Sweeney, S. (2010). Writing for the instant messaging and
text messaging generations: Using new literacies to
support writing instruction. Journal of Adolescent and
Adult Literacy, 54(2) 121-131.
Baroudy, I. (2008). Process writing: Successful and
unsuccessful writing behaviors. International Journal of
English Studies, 8(2), 43-63.
Gibson, S. (2008). An effective framework for primary-
grade guided writing instruction. The Reading
Teacher, 62(4), 324-334.
Kaplan, J. (2008). The national writing project: Creating a
professional learning community that supports the
teaching of writing. Theory in Practice, 47(4), 336-344.
Read, S. (2010). A model for scaffolding writing instruction:
IMSCI. The Reading Teacher, 64(1), 47-52.
Wall, H. (2008). Interactive writing beyond the primary
grades. The reading Teacher, 62(2), 149-152.
Alliance for Excellent Education Policy Brief
OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab
Penn State Online Pro Teacher Directory
Sue LeuBeau: The Writing Process
Survey Report: Problems With Writing Instruction
The ABC’s of Writing
The Writing Process: An Overview of Research on Teaching Writing as
a Process (Research and Evaluation Report)
The Writing Process: The Most Important Things to Know
Writing with Writers
Scholastic (Includes revision videos)