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Basics of Research


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Basics of Research

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
  3. 3. The Information cycle<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
  6. 6. The Day of an Event<br />Television, The Internet, and Radio<br />The information:<br /><ul><li>Is primarily provided through up-to-the-minute resources like broadcast news, Internet news sites, and news radio programs.
  7. 7. Is quick, generally not detailed, and regularly updated.
  8. 8. Explains the who, what, when, and where of an event.
  9. 9. Can, on occasion, be inaccurate.
  10. 10. Is written by authors who are primarily journalists.
  11. 11. Is intended for a general audience.</li></li></ul><li>The Day After An Event<br />Newspapers<br />The information:<br /><ul><li>Is longer as newspaper articles begin to apply a chronology to an event and explain why the event occurred.
  12. 12. Is more factual and provides a deeper investigation into the immediate context of events.
  13. 13. Includes quotes from government officials and experts.
  14. 14. May include statistics, photographs, and editorial coverage.
  15. 15. Can include local perspectives on a story.
  16. 16. Is written by authors who are primarily journalists.
  17. 17. Is intended for a general audience.</li></li></ul><li>The Weeks Following an Event<br />Weekly Popular Magazines and News Magazines<br />The information:<br /><ul><li>Is contained in long form stories. Weekly magazines begin to discuss the impact of an event on society, culture, and public policy.
  18. 18. Includes detailed analysis of events, interviews, as well as opinions and analysis.
  19. 19. Offers perspectives on an event from particular groups or geared towards specific audiences.
  20. 20. While often factual, information can reflect the editorial bias of a publication.
  21. 21. Is written by a range of authors, from professional journalists, to essayists, to commentary by scholars or experts in the field.
  22. 22. Is intended for a general audience or specific nonprofessional groups</li></li></ul><li>Six Months to a Year After an Event and On...<br />Academic Journals<br />The information:<br /><ul><li>Includes detailed analysis, empirical research reports, and learned commentary related to the event.
  23. 23. Is often theoretical, carefully analyzing the impact of the event on society, culture, and public policy.
  24. 24. Is peer-reviewed. This editorial process ensures high credibility and accuracy.
  25. 25. Often narrow in topic.
  26. 26. Written in a highly technical language.
  27. 27. Includes detailed bibliographies.
  28. 28. Is authored by scholars, researchers, and professionals, often with Ph.D's.
  29. 29. Is intended for other scholars, researchers, professionals, and university students in the
  30. 30. field.</li></li></ul><li>A Year to Years After an Event and On...<br />Books<br />The information:<br /><ul><li>Provides in-depth coverage of an event, often expanding and detailing themes, subjects, and analysis begun in academic research and published in journals.
  31. 31. Often places an event into some sort of historical context.
  32. 32. Can provide broad overviews of an event.
  33. 33. Can range from scholarly in-depth analysis of a topic, to popular books which provide general discussions and are not as well-researched.
  34. 34. Might have a bias or slant, but this dependent on the author.
  35. 35. Includes bibliographies.
  36. 36. Is often written by scholars, specialists, researchers, and professionals, though credentials of authors vary.
  37. 37. Can be intended for a broad audience depending on the book, ranging from scholars to a general audience.</li></li></ul><li>Years Later<br />Government Reports<br />The information:<br /><ul><li>Comes from all levels of government from state, federal, and international governments
  38. 38. Includes reports compiled by governmental organizations and summaries of government-funded research
  39. 39. Is factual, often including statistical analysis
  40. 40. Often focuses on an event in relation to public policy and legislation
  41. 41. Authored by governmental panels, organizations, and committees
  42. 42. Is intended for all audiences.</li></ul>Reference Material<br />The information:<br /><ul><li>Is considered established knowledge.
  43. 43. Is published years after an event takes place, in encyclopedias, dictionaries, textbooks, and handbooks.
  44. 44. Includes factual information, often in the form of overviews and summaries of an event.
  45. 45. May include statistics and bibliographies.
  46. 46. Often not as detailed as books or journal articles.
  47. 47. Authored by scholars and specialists.
  48. 48. Often intended for a general audience, but may be of use to researchers, scholars or professionals.</li></li></ul><li>
  49. 49. College Professors will expect you to know the Steps in the Research Process<br />
  50. 50. College Professors will expect you to know how to:<br /><ul><li>Cite sources
  51. 51. Develop a thesis statement
  52. 52. Use yourLibrary’s Catalog
  53. 53. Use an advanced search screen
  54. 54. Find scholarly journals
  55. 55. Interview experts
  56. 56. Write a research question
  57. 57. Use electronic journals,periodical resources, and subscription databases</li></li></ul><li>and to<br /><ul><li>Know that libraries offer subscription databases and how to use them
  58. 58. Know that it is illegal to steal clip art or other images unless they are copyright-free
  59. 59. Know libraries have websites
  60. 60. Know how and why it is necessary to synthesize information from multiple sources
  61. 61. Understand the concept of copyright, plagiarism and its consequences
  62. 62. Know how to interpret the quality of information you are finding
  63. 63. Know what is full-text and that not every resource is available in full-text
  64. 64. Understand how recorded information about an event changes over time
  65. 65. Judge timeliness of a source
  66. 66. Judge relevance and objectivity of a source based on date of publication
  67. 67. Judge relevance and objectivity of a source based on type of publication</li></li></ul><li>This is called being<br />INFORMATION LITERATE<br />
  68. 68. Someone who is information literate can<br />information<br />
  69. 69. For instance, if you’re going to buy a new car, you need to<br />beep beep<br />
  70. 70. Or if your professor assigns a paper, you need to<br />A+<br />
  71. 71. How can the library help?<br />