1019上課資料

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1019上課資料

  1. 1. Hardware and softwareHardware and software requirementrequirement In addition to traditional materials, such as books,In addition to traditional materials, such as books, handouts, tape-recorders, etc., a networkedhandouts, tape-recorders, etc., a networked multimedia system, its accessories, andmultimedia system, its accessories, and programs are required for integrating informationprograms are required for integrating information technology into e-TESOL.technology into e-TESOL.
  2. 2. Some basic appliances or programs / applications areSome basic appliances or programs / applications are definitely needed.definitely needed.  The basic hardware requirements for effective e-TESOL are multimediaThe basic hardware requirements for effective e-TESOL are multimedia PC’s or notebooks with access to networks.PC’s or notebooks with access to networks.  Using personal computers to present text, graphics, sound, video, andUsing personal computers to present text, graphics, sound, video, and animation in an integrated way.animation in an integrated way.
  3. 3. notebooknotebook A note book is an extremely lightweight personal computer. InA note book is an extremely lightweight personal computer. In terms of computing power, modern laptop notebookterms of computing power, modern laptop notebook computers are almost comparable to desktop personalcomputers are almost comparable to desktop personal computers.computers. Their components and functions are almost the same. The majorTheir components and functions are almost the same. The major differences are appearances, sizes, weights, and, of course,differences are appearances, sizes, weights, and, of course, prices.prices.
  4. 4. A few additionalA few additional peripherals, such asperipherals, such as speakers ↓speakers ↓ All speakers can be utilizedAll speakers can be utilized to increase sound,to increase sound, including music, voice,including music, voice, and various “sound effect”.and various “sound effect”. They are a must forThey are a must for ESL/EFL learners whoESL/EFL learners who want to use a computer towant to use a computer to practice listening activitiespractice listening activities at home or in a privateat home or in a private room.room.
  5. 5. An earphone / headphoneAn earphone / headphone In a computer or language lab, a headphone orIn a computer or language lab, a headphone or earphone can be used to replace a set ofearphone can be used to replace a set of speakers.speakers.
  6. 6. MicrophonesMicrophones  Microphone is a necessaryMicrophone is a necessary input accessory for ainput accessory for a multimedia system. Withmultimedia system. With appropriate software, aappropriate software, a microphone can be utilized.microphone can be utilized.  In a language lab settingIn a language lab setting where learners are practicingwhere learners are practicing interactive oralinteractive oral communication activities orcommunication activities or taking speaking test, it is ataking speaking test, it is a must.must.
  7. 7. HeadsetsHeadsets  A headset consists of aA headset consists of a microphone and anmicrophone and an earphoneearphone (( with one or twowith one or two speakers for one or both ears).speakers for one or both ears). In functions as a combinationIn functions as a combination of one or two speakers andof one or two speakers and microphone for a multimediamicrophone for a multimedia system.system.  It is a more convenient andIt is a more convenient and efficient tool for two-wayefficient tool for two-way communication andcommunication and appropriate for use in aappropriate for use in a multimedia language lab.multimedia language lab.
  8. 8. WebcamWebcam  Webcams can be used toWebcams can be used to create videos, to snap stillcreate videos, to snap still pictures/photos, and topictures/photos, and to record video clips withrecord video clips with ease.ease. Integration of a multimediaIntegration of a multimedia PC, a headset, andPC, a headset, and webcam creates awebcam creates a powerful communicationpowerful communication tool for language learning.tool for language learning.  This use of webcams willThis use of webcams will make oral communicationmake oral communication instruction more favorableinstruction more favorable for ESL/EFL learners.for ESL/EFL learners.
  9. 9. ScannerScanner PrinterPrinterprojectorprojector
  10. 10. Software requirementsSoftware requirements 11.. Operating systemsOperating systems (( 操作系統)操作系統) 22. Web browsers. Web browsers (網路瀏覽器)(網路瀏覽器) HTTP-Hypertext Transfer ProtocolHTTP-Hypertext Transfer Protocol A web browser, often referred to simply as a browser, is aA web browser, often referred to simply as a browser, is a software application that maintains a path to search, locate,software application that maintains a path to search, locate, display, or interact with all the information on Web pages.display, or interact with all the information on Web pages. The three most popular browsers areThe three most popular browsers are (1)(1) MozillaMozilla FirefoxFirefox ((http://www.mozilla.com/firefox/http://www.mozilla.com/firefox/)) (2)(2) Microsoft’s Internet ExplorerMicrosoft’s Internet Explorer (( IE,IE, http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/)) (3)(3) NetscapeNetscape(( http://moztw.org/netscape/http://moztw.org/netscape/ ))
  11. 11. 3.3. Search EnginesSearch Engines Search engines are often used to specificallySearch engines are often used to specifically indicate systems likeindicate systems like (1)(1) GoogleGoogle (( http://www.google.com/)http://www.google.com/) (2)(2) YahooYahoo (( http://www.yahoo.com/)http://www.yahoo.com/) 4.4. Email programsEmail programs (( ex: windows liveex: windows live mailmail )) A popular protocol for sending email is SimpleA popular protocol for sending email is Simple Mail Transfer ProtocolMail Transfer Protocol (( STMPSTMP )) and aand a popular protocol for receiving it ispopular protocol for receiving it is POP3POP3 (( Post Office Protocol 3Post Office Protocol 3 ))
  12. 12. 5. E-Book viewers / Readers5. E-Book viewers / Readers An e-Book reader can be a software application forAn e-Book reader can be a software application for use on a personal computer, such as Microsoftuse on a personal computer, such as Microsoft Reader and Adobe Reader.Reader and Adobe Reader. (( .pdf files..pdf files. )) 6. Instant Messaging Systems6. Instant Messaging Systems Most message exchanges are text-only. However,Most message exchanges are text-only. However, some services, such as Yahoo! messenger, MSNsome services, such as Yahoo! messenger, MSN messenger, AIMmessenger, AIM (( American OnlineAmerican Online 【【 AOLAOL 】】 InstantInstant Messenger), Google talk, and ICQMessenger), Google talk, and ICQ (( I SeekI Seek YouYou )) ,allow voice messaging, video transmitting, file,allow voice messaging, video transmitting, file sharing, and video-game playing.sharing, and video-game playing.
  13. 13. wordword 檔轉換成檔轉換成 pfdpfd 檔,請上檔,請上 LMSLMS 下載檔案。下載檔案。 pfdpfd 檔轉換成檔轉換成 wordword 檔,請點我。檔,請點我。
  14. 14.  7.7. AVAV (( Traditional audiovisualTraditional audiovisual )) PlayersPlayers The term “AV players” refers to computer programsThe term “AV players” refers to computer programs that decode digitalized audio or video data from savedthat decode digitalized audio or video data from saved files, such as Real Player, RealOne Player, Mediafiles, such as Real Player, RealOne Player, Media Player, WinDVD, Power DVD, Winamp, etc,. ThesePlayer, WinDVD, Power DVD, Winamp, etc,. These players are powerful and convenient tools with whichplayers are powerful and convenient tools with which ESL/EFL learners can play back instructionalESL/EFL learners can play back instructional materials offline or online.materials offline or online. 8. Picture / Photo Players8. Picture / Photo Players Many picture players, such as ACD See, UniDreamMany picture players, such as ACD See, UniDream PowerSeePowerSee (( http://www.unidreamtech.com/), offerhttp://www.unidreamtech.com/), offer highly efficient tools with which users can browse theirhighly efficient tools with which users can browse their digital photos and windows media files on theirdigital photos and windows media files on their personal computers. ESL/EFL teachers can make usepersonal computers. ESL/EFL teachers can make use of this tool as an alternative for their picture orof this tool as an alternative for their picture or storybook presentations.storybook presentations.
  15. 15.  9. AV Recorders9. AV Recorders  A sound recording program (SoundA sound recording program (Sound Recorder) can be found in the most popularRecorder) can be found in the most popular operating system-Microsoft Windows. Usersoperating system-Microsoft Windows. Users can use this software to create *.can use this software to create *.wavwav voicevoice files.files. GoldWave↓GoldWave↓ (( http://www.goldwave.com/releashttp://www.goldwave.com/releas e.html/e.html/ )) ExtraPlayer→ExtraPlayer→ (( http://www.atlas-zone.com/http://www.atlas-zone.com/ )) MP3 soundMP3 sound recorder↓recorder↓ (( http://www.cooolsoft.com/mp3rec.http://www.cooolsoft.com/mp3rec. htmhtm )) can also be downloaded and installedcan also be downloaded and installed for recording *.mp3 voice files.for recording *.mp3 voice files.
  16. 16. 請上老師的請上老師的 blogblog http://abunc.spaces.live.com/blhttp://abunc.spaces.live.com/bl og/og/
  17. 17.  10. Website Creators and Managers10. Website Creators and Managers (( Windows live spaceWindows live space ,無名,,無名, yahoo blog…)yahoo blog…) Since websites are fundamental to the Web, creating aSince websites are fundamental to the Web, creating a website is the first step for participating in Internet-website is the first step for participating in Internet- based activities.based activities. For e-TESOL , a website can serve as a stage forFor e-TESOL , a website can serve as a stage for communication, interaction, discussion, andcommunication, interaction, discussion, and information exchange.information exchange. The creation and maintenance of a website is alwaysThe creation and maintenance of a website is always necessary when using the Internet for TESOL.necessary when using the Internet for TESOL.
  18. 18.  11. FTP Programs11. FTP Programs (( skydrive)skydrive) FTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is an applicationFTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is an application program for exchanging files over the Internet. FTP isprogram for exchanging files over the Internet. FTP is most commonly used to download or upload a filemost commonly used to download or upload a file from or to a server using the Internet.from or to a server using the Internet. Most free versions of the FTP programs on the marketMost free versions of the FTP programs on the market are good enough for ESL/EFL teachers and studentsare good enough for ESL/EFL teachers and students who want to manage files and websites.who want to manage files and websites. ps:ps: 請同學各自在網路上找一個免費的上傳空間,並分享請同學各自在網路上找一個免費的上傳空間,並分享 此資源在你的此資源在你的 blogblog 。。
  19. 19.  12. Word Processors12. Word Processors (( WordPadWordPad )) The most popular word processor is MS Word.The most popular word processor is MS Word. A word processor is one of the fundamentalA word processor is one of the fundamental tools for e-TESOL. Teachers and students cantools for e-TESOL. Teachers and students can use a word processing program to createuse a word processing program to create documents for e-TESOL.documents for e-TESOL.
  20. 20.  13. Presentation Software13. Presentation Software (( power pointpower point )) Presentation software is a category ofPresentation software is a category of application program used to create sequencesapplication program used to create sequences of words and graphics that tell a story or helpof words and graphics that tell a story or help support a speech or some other publicsupport a speech or some other public presentation of information.presentation of information.
  21. 21.  14. Database Management Applications14. Database Management Applications (( Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Access )) a student grade book is analogous to a file. Ita student grade book is analogous to a file. It contains a list of records, each of whichcontains a list of records, each of which consists of several fields: name, student IDconsists of several fields: name, student ID number, address, telephone number, etc.number, address, telephone number, etc. A database management system (DBMS),A database management system (DBMS), sometimes just called a database manager, is asometimes just called a database manager, is a computer program that allows one or morecomputer program that allows one or more computer users create and access data in acomputer users create and access data in a database.database.
  22. 22. 15. Spreadsheet Applications15. Spreadsheet Applications (( EXCELEXCEL )) Spreadsheets, such as bank balanceSpreadsheets, such as bank balance statements or phone bills, have been used bystatements or phone bills, have been used by accountants for hundreds of years.accountants for hundreds of years. A simple example of a useful spreadsheetA simple example of a useful spreadsheet application for TESOL is one that calculatesapplication for TESOL is one that calculates students’ grades. An ESL/EFL teacher mightstudents’ grades. An ESL/EFL teacher might define five labels- Weekly performances, Mid-define five labels- Weekly performances, Mid- Term One, Mid-Term Two, Final Exam, FinalTerm One, Mid-Term Two, Final Exam, Final Grade- for each student.Grade- for each student.
  23. 23.  1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have1. Ten hardware requirements for e-TESOL have been listed and introduced. Work with your partnerbeen listed and introduced. Work with your partner and think of one or more additional items of hardwareand think of one or more additional items of hardware which might be necessary.which might be necessary.  2. Fifteen software items for e-TESOL have been2. Fifteen software items for e-TESOL have been listed and introduced. Work with your partner and thinklisted and introduced. Work with your partner and think of one or more additional items of software whichof one or more additional items of software which might be helpful.might be helpful.  3. It is reasonable that you as an ESL/EFL teacher3. It is reasonable that you as an ESL/EFL teacher might not be totally familiar with all of the hardwaremight not be totally familiar with all of the hardware and software discussed in power point. What do youand software discussed in power point. What do you think you can do, when you confront difficulties inthink you can do, when you confront difficulties in handling hardware or software?handling hardware or software?

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