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Work At Height Regulations


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Work At Height Regulations

  1. 1. Work at Height Regulations Health and Safety Executive
  2. 2. FALLS PROGRAMME <ul><li>Reduce death and major injuries from falls from height. </li></ul><ul><li>HSC/ HSE targets 10% reduction in death and major injuries by 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Working with sectors were falls are an issue; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caretakers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities Management Companies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance fitters </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Summary <ul><li>The Work at Height Regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managing risks from work at height </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting the right equipment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other Requirements </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Biggest Killer 67 Fatal Accidents 2003/04 </li></ul><ul><li>3884 Major Accidents 2003/04 </li></ul><ul><li>Until this year always 2 nd biggest cause of major accidents </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of all major injuries caused by ‘low falls’ (below 2mtrs) </li></ul>Background: Statistics
  5. 5. <ul><li>Temporary Work at Height Directive (2001/45/EC) </li></ul><ul><li>Bring existing legislation together into risk based regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain and improve standards </li></ul>Background : Objectives
  6. 6. <ul><li>Came into force on 6 April 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>No transitional period proposed – Regulations consolidate good practice </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge to communicate the WAH message effectively </li></ul>Current position
  7. 7. <ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Risk assessment/organisation/planning </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid – Prevent – Minimise </li></ul><ul><li>Select the right Work Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Other Precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Key messages </li></ul>WaH Regulations: Overview
  8. 8. <ul><li>Work in any place from which a person could fall a distance liable to cause personal injury </li></ul><ul><li>Includes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>access and egress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>work at or below ground level; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>but not stairways or slips or trips on the level </li></ul></ul></ul>Scope: What is work at height?
  9. 9. <ul><li>Covers all industries: e.g. construction, agriculture, manufacturing, retail, maintenance,warehouse etc; but not those paid to lead or train climbing and caving </li></ul><ul><li>Duty holders are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>employers; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>self-employed; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those in control of people at work, to the extent of their control </li></ul></ul>Scope: What Sectors are covered?
  10. 10. <ul><li>Work at height should be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly planned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriately supervised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not carried out if weather conditions jeopardise health and safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Those working at height should be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>competent or if being trained supervised by a competent person </li></ul></ul>Organisation, Planning, Competence
  11. 11. <ul><li>Regulation 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at work Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Do a risk assessment </li></ul>Risk Assessment
  12. 12. <ul><li>Avoid work at height </li></ul><ul><ul><li>if you don’t have to go up there DON’T! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevent falls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use an existing place or means of access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the most suitable way of working </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the most suitable equipment </li></ul></ul>Avoid - Prevent - Minimise
  13. 13. <ul><li>Minimise the distance and consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise the consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Take other measures to prevent injury eg instruction, information and training </li></ul>Avoid – Prevent - Minimise
  14. 14. Select the right work equipment
  15. 15. <ul><li>Collective protection before personal protection </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Select guardrails/working platforms before personal fall prevention (eg work restraint) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Select nets/airbags before personal fall arrest </li></ul></ul></ul>Select the right work equipment
  16. 16. <ul><li>Working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Access and Egress </li></ul><ul><li>Distance and consequences of a fall </li></ul><ul><li>Duration and frequency of use/task </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of rescue/evacuation </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of use, installation and removal of equipment </li></ul>Select the right work equipment
  17. 17. Types of Work Equipment <ul><li>Guardrails </li></ul><ul><li>Working platforms (scaffolds/MEWPS etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Nets/Airbags </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Fall Protection systems </li></ul><ul><li>Ladders </li></ul>
  18. 18. LADDERS USE <ul><li>Risk assessment must justify use; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low risk, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short duration, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or Site conditions dictate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow good practice </li></ul>
  19. 19. Examples of Work Equipment <ul><li>. </li></ul>Avoiding work at height
  20. 20. Collective Prevention <ul><li>. </li></ul>M.E.W.P Scaffolding Edge protection
  21. 21. Collective Fall arrest Nets Air bags
  22. 22. Personal Fall Arrest Fall Arrest Work Positioning
  23. 23. Other Requirements <ul><li>Avoid risks from Fragile Surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent Falling Objects </li></ul><ul><li>Warn about Danger Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect work equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Persons at work should </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follow instructions and training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advise employer of hazards/risks to health and safety </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Communication <ul><li>What HSE have done </li></ul><ul><li>What HSE would like you to do </li></ul><ul><li>How will HSE know if they are getting it right? </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>If you follow good practice you should be doing enough to comply </li></ul><ul><li>Do a risk assessment, plan and organise your work properly </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the hierarchy: avoid – prevent – minimise </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the right equipment - select collective protection before personal </li></ul><ul><li>Guide supported by Industry Specific Guidance. </li></ul>KEY MESSAGES