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Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
Trends in Education:
Rationalism, Empiricism, Criticism and Positivism
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti
UI...
Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
Scientific Philosophy of Education:
Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology
Presented by Mhd. Absor, Ha...
UIN
SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU
Bacon remind to all philosophical experts dealing with drawing a
false conclusion from previo...
UIN
SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU
Bacon remind to all philosophical experts dealing with drawing a
false conclusion from previo...
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Ontology, epistimology and axiology

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Ontology, epistimology and axiology

  1. 1. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU Scienctific Philosophy : Ontology/metaphysics, Epistemology and Axiology Definition of Terms a. axiology  “Axios” means “appropriateness/reasonable”. “Logos” means “knowledge”  Axiology is understood as a theory of value  Theory of value related to the use of gained knowledge  It studies on the truth and the nature knowledge itself Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  2. 2. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU b. Assessment in Axiology  Ethic; morality, norms, behaviors of humans  Esthetic; looking at something (good, bad, elegance, etc) Franz Magnis Suseno states that ethics is meant as critical and systematical thoughts of moral views/values. The contents of moral views related to norms, tradition, preaching, and humans behaviors. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  3. 3. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU c. Usages of Axiology  Philosophy is as a collection of theoretical framework to understand and respond/give reaction towards thought of faculty  Philosophy is seen as life views.  Philosophy is as scientific methodology to handle problem faces d. Correlation of Axiology and Philosophy of Science  Value viewed as a “Objective” not “Subjective”.  The pure truth is not reliant on one’s thought but on factual basis  Subjective is mostly viewing the various views form ones including thinking, feeling of like and dislike, etc. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  4. 4. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU b. Epistemology  It is similar to theory of knowledge.  It is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature, scope of knowledge, basic premises, and responsibility of statements existing in knowledge itself. Methodology of Epistemology 1. Inductive 2. Deductive 3. Positivism 4. Contemplative 5. Dialectic Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  5. 5. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU c. Ontology  ὄντος genitive: “to become" and λογία,-logia: “knowledge, research and theory:  It studies on the nature, existence/reality, hierarchy, similarity, basic category and its relations. The Liang Gie Ontology is to explore the existence of things by questioning:  what is meant by “Exist”?  What groups of existing things?  What basic facts and truly exist?  Are the different entities and categories viewed as truly exist? Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  6. 6. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU Suriasumantri mentions that Ontology discussing more on what we want to know, to what extend our knowing,. Or study of “exist”. Ontology tries to give clarification of questions: a. What knowledge is being investigated b. How to create the nature of those existing things c. How is the correlation among those existing things to human minds and senses e.g thinking, feeling, and tasting to result a certain knowledge Aristotles defines that ontology is a study in philosophical field to determine the real nature of things to take its meanings, structure and its basic principles. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  7. 7. Trends in Education: Rationalism, Empiricism, Criticism and Positivism Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU Trends in Philosophy : Rasionalism, Empericsm, Criticsm, Positivism 1. Rationalism  It is a meeting of human’s minds and soul toward outer space of real world.  Knowledge is in basis of humans rationales linked to empirical experience  To gains its goals, rationalism absolutely need the freedom of thinking; acquiring to develop one potentials and forming character buildings Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  8. 8. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU In summary, two main things take into consideration of rasionalisme: 1. A strong belief that the real truth is directly gained by means of minds 2. Logical expansion of thoughts is to prove the real knowledge Some experts supported this premises consist of Rene Descartes (1596- 16 ), Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) , Blaise Pascal (1623- 1662), Leibniz (1632-1677). It is also defined as a truthfulness of humans minds as the effort of thinking freely. Rasionalisme exists in accordance with the doubtfulness of Rene descartes’ considerations. He applies a method of doubtfulness to become a certainty. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  9. 9. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU 2. Empiricism  “Empiris“ means “senses’ experience”  It is viewed as an understanding of experience towards the real world and emotional experience  Knowledge comes from sense experience since it is clearly perfectly proven.  Senses are the mains tools to know worlds or to acquire the knowledge existing in real worlds, as Bacon states. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  10. 10. UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU Bacon remind to all philosophical experts dealing with drawing a false conclusion from previous idols:: 1. tribus; drawing a rush conclusion 2. Specus; drawing conclusion based on own interest/needs 3. fori ; drawing conclusion based on majority of votes 4. Theatri; drawing a conclusion based on prior knowledge Bacon introduce an experimental method to investigate and do a research through experience to know things and its interrelated laws among real things. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014
  11. 11. UIN SULTAN SYARIF KASIM RIAU Bacon remind to all philosophical experts dealing with drawing a false conclusion from previous idols:: 1. Tribus; drawing a rush conclusion 2. Specus; drawing conclusion based on own interest/needs 3. Fori ; drawing conclusion based on majority of votes 4. Theatri; drawing a conclusion based on prior knowledge Bacon introduce an experimental method to investigate and do a research through experience to know things and its interrelated laws among real things. Scientific Philosophy of Education: Scientific Philosophy: Ontology, Epistimology and Axiology Presented by Mhd. Absor, Hasanul Bisni and Yanti Scientific Philosophy of Education: Prof. DR. Muhmidayeli, M.Ag PPs UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, T.A 2014

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