What is Science

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Lecture delivered to masters student as AAU

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What is Science

  1. 1. Evt. tekstWhat is Science?Idongesit WilliamsPhD FellowCMI, AAUidong@cmi.aau.dk
  2. 2. 2What is scienceTraditions/ ParadigmsData GatheringResearch StrategyScience and TruthEngaging stakeholders/phenomenunOUTLINE
  3. 3. 3WHAT IS SCIENCELatin: KnowledgeReliable knowledge that can be logically andrationally explainedPhysical Science/NaturalScience, Socialsciences, ArtsNatural Sciences/PhysicalSciencesPursuing knowledgegeared towardsnatural and physicalscience
  4. 4. 4TRADITIONS/PARADIGMSPositivistInterpretivistI am objective in myworld view I am subjective in myworld viewI follow laiddown rules tosolve problemsI am free to solve problemsusing any solutionI stick to mydisciplineI aminterdisciplinaryand multi multi-disciplinary
  5. 5. 5DATA GATHERINGPositivist: Quantitative data(numerical data, quantity)Interpretivist: Qualitative data (Non-numerical data)gathering and mixed data gathering methods
  6. 6. 6QuestionnairesSurveysExperimentsLiterature review(desktop research)InterviewsQuasi-Experiments
  7. 7. 7RESEARCH STRATEGY
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  9. 9. 9SCIENCE AND TRUTHScience begins with a problemFinding focusLogical/Critical thinkingThe quest to find the truthtruthSlide 1
  10. 10. 10ENGAGING STAKEHOLDERSHow you see the problemHow others see the problemHow do I get the understanding of the next personSlide 2 Art of communication
  11. 11. 11MY RESEARCHResearching into Public Private Initiatives in developing rural telecommunicationsTopicProblemRural areas have little or no telecom services due to the cost high cost of deploying the Service and people can’t afford the service.HypothesisIf the public and the private sector collaborate, it will be cheaper to deploy these servicesTest Theories: Actor Network Theory, Stakeholder TheoryMethodology: Mixed methodsMethod/Tools: Interviews, questionnaires, observation, elicitation, desktop research, Information for seminars, conferences,Type of Research: Exploratory, case studiesParadigm: Interpretivist (Anti-positivist),Sub-paradigm: Constructivist, Critical theory
  12. 12. 12Source NCC NigeriaCONCLUSIONScience is a kind of knowledgeThe knowledge should be rational and logicalAny knowledge in any field can be called science as long as it isRational and logical
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  16. 16. 16Source: ITU
  17. 17. 17Activities during QoS measurement
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