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Evaluating Information


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Evaluating Information

  1. 1. Evaluating Information American History Research Project March 31, 2010
  2. 2. Overview of Evaluation and Research Tools <ul><li>Process of Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Web Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Available Databases </li></ul>
  3. 3. Elements of Evaluation <ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul>
  4. 4. Authority <ul><li>Who is providing the information? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author listed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About Us or Contact Us Links </li></ul></ul><ul><li>URL tells additional information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.edu : educational (usually good sources) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.gov : government (good statistical sites) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.org : usually non-profits (wary of bias or agenda) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Authority based on Type <ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual’s perspective : not fact based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online Magazines/Journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed bibliography & specific evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online News Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves opinion vs. fact based information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Television/Internet News Broadcast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to know 5Ws to prove credible </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. “ Ida represents a &quot;missing link&quot; between early primates and humans.” <ul><li>Moskowitz, Clara. “Scientists : ‘Missing Link’ Fossil Not Worth Media Hype.” . Thursday, May 21, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Full Text to Scientific Article : Complete Primate Skeleton from the Middle Eocene of Messel in Germany: Morphology and Paleobiology </li></ul>
  7. 7. Accuracy <ul><li>Is it true ? </li></ul><ul><li>Factual Content is Clear </li></ul><ul><li>Someone has verified information is correct </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ie: Peer-reviewed Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verify Author’s credentials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the individual really who he/she says they are </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. People Search <ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
  9. 9. Objectivity <ul><li>What is the Purpose ? </li></ul><ul><li>Content provided for educational or public service </li></ul><ul><li>Includes links to additional resources </li></ul><ul><li>Free of advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Free of Bias </li></ul>
  10. 10. Example of [.org] Bias <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. Currency <ul><li>When was it published? </li></ul><ul><li>Date of Information clearly posted </li></ul><ul><li>Last Update was recent to insure accurate information </li></ul><ul><li>Ie: Immigration Laws </li></ul>
  12. 12. Currency Example
  13. 13. Determining Website Validity <ul><li>View the following websites and determine: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. DreamTechies
  15. 15. DreamTechies Authority Currency Objectivity Accuracy
  16. 16. DreamTechies
  17. 17. Institute for Historical Review
  18. 18. Institute for Historical Review
  19. 19. Institute for Historical Review
  20. 20. Databases 4 Research <ul><li>Databases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldbookonline (powerpackx ; conrad / parker) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HW Wilson Readers Guide (payson; seymour) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson Select Plus (100108160 ; cxerk.few) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory of Open Access Journals (FREE) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. World Book Online
  22. 22. World Book Online
  23. 23. HW Wilson : Readers Abridged Full Text
  24. 24. HW Wilson : Readers Abridged Full Text
  25. 25. First Search : Article First & WilsonSelectPlus
  26. 26. First Search : Article First & WilsonSelectPlus
  27. 27. Primary Sources <ul><li>Large collections available online </li></ul><ul><li>Same criteria for evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on Origin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LOC: American Memory </li></ul><ul><li>UIUC: Historical Newspapers Online </li></ul><ul><li>ILSOS: Illinois Digital Archive </li></ul>
  28. 28. Other Resources 4 Research <ul><li>Primary Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALA Primary Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American History (library website) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> /history </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Internet Public Library
  30. 30. Internet Public Library
  31. 31. For library passwords and links: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Good luck with your research. If you have any questions, please ask. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Resources <ul><li>Beck, Susan.  The Good, The Bad & The Ugly: or, Why It’s a Good Idea to Evaluate Web Sources .  1997.  http:// </li></ul><ul><li>NOW: Making Informed Decisions & Critical Thinking. (March 28, 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>Harris, Frances Jacobson. Evaluating Web Sites. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Quest. Journal of the American Association of School Librarians. Vol. 38, No. 3. Jan/Feb 2010. </li></ul>