The End of the Cold War


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The End of the Cold War

  2. 2. EARLY 1980S- New tension between Russia and US- Reagan- Harsh anti-communist and conservative- Disapproved of détente- thought it gave Soviets too muchfreedom/advantage
  3. 3. REAGAN’S STRATEGY- Increase US defense budget by $32.6 billion- Expanded the navy, aircraft carriers, weapons etc.- Approved B-1 bomber- ability to deliver nuclear weaponsand fly intercontinental missions w/o refueling- Over 5 years- $1.7 trillion defense budget
  4. 4. - Criticized soviets and their motives- Warned US of Soviet stockpile of nuclearweaponscreated domestic support- Soviets called for peace- ideas of arms reductions, nuclearfree zones, etc.- Reagan rejects all proposalscalls Soviet Union the “evilempire”
  5. 5. STAR WARS- Regan wants new nuclear arms program- Strategic Defense initiative- SDI- Development of orbiting anti missile system to protect US- Violated SALT treaty- constraints on missiles- Convinced soviets that US plotting attack
  6. 6. REAGAN DOCTRINE- Anticommunist approach thatguided policies- Aimed at stopping spread ofcommunism in world- US military force and moneywill undermine communism- Direct military, economic andpolitical pressurestrain SovietUnion
  7. 7. RELATIONS GO BAD- Soviets leave 3 arms negotiations- US deploys Pershing cruise missiles in West Europe-Soviets view it as aggressive- Large scale NATO exercise- Operation Able Archer 83-convinced soviets of attack
  8. 8. GORBACHEV INOFFICE- 1985- Mikhail Gorbachev takes officein Soviet union- Wants to open society andrestructure the economy- Reagan admin. supports him-US open to improved relations- 6 years since US-SU summit
  9. 9. THE NEWRELATIONSHIP- 1985-1988- November 19th 1985- GenevaSummit- 1st day rocky- US wantsSDI, Gorbachev says no- Next day- Gorbachevunderstands Reagan sociallybut not politically- Non political chats betteredrelations- Gorbachev announces 1986elimination of all nukes by2000, and treaty to removeintermediate range missilesfrom Europe
  10. 10. REYKJAVIK SUMMIT- 1986, Iceland- Gorbachev wants to explain need for arms reduction- Reagan and him agreed on zero option of intermediaterange missiles in Europe- Agree on full elimination of all nuclear missiles in 10 years- No agreement on SDI- gorbachev wants it to be limitiedresearch, reagan won’t give up
  11. 11. DC SUMMIT- Productive summit in 1987- Gorbachev gave up anti-SDI position and is willing to endarms race- INF Treaty signed- Eliminated all intermediate range nuclear arms in Europe,inspection of missiles sites
  12. 12. MOSCOW SUMMIT- US senate ratifying INF in DCin Spring of 1988- Reagan goes to Moscow inlast two weeks in office- Change in attitude- “evilempire” to agreement- US president had not visitedSoviet Union for 14 years- Kept working relationship- 6 months later- Gorbachevdecides European nationsshould choose owngovernment, removal oftroops and weaponry in eastEurope
  13. 13. IMPACT ON FOREIGNPOLICY WITH RUSSIATODAY- New relationship with Russia in following years- George H.W Bush and Gorbachev- end of cold war,- NATO and Warsaw Pact nonaggression act- signing of Peace of Paris- Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin- US Russian relationship hasrocky patch- Yugoslavian war- US supports ethnic republics in seekingindependence, Russia supports Yugoslav gov’t
  14. 14. IMPACT CONTINUED- George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin- relationship declines at first, but found commonground, after 9/11- Russia becomes one of US’s strongest allies againstterrorism, provides support with bases and arms- 2002 Bush Putin Summit- Strategic Offensive ReductionsTreaty signed, new partnership formed
  15. 15. SUMMARY- Russia transformed from an enemy to a US ally- US seen as more reliable to form alliances with- US has strong commitment to finding peaceful relationsacross the globe
  16. 16. WORKS CITEDAllport, Alan. "Iran-Contra Scandal: Cold War." World at War:Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013.Web. 11 May 2013.
  17. 17. IMAGES"Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan stand together in the White House library." American Decades Primary Sources. Ed. CynthiaRose. Vol. 9: 1980-1989. Detroit: Gale, 2004. U.S. History In Context. Web. 17 May 2013."Mikhail Gorbachev." Image. Corel. World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 19 May 2013."President Ronald Reagan addressing the nation on March 23, 1983, to announce the Strategic Defense..." Americans at War. Ed. JohnP. Resch. Vol. 4: 1946-Present. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. U.S. History In Context. Web. 19 May 2013."President Reagan delivers his second inaugural address, January 21, 1985." American Decades Primary Sources. Ed. Cynthia Rose.Vol. 9: 1980-1989. Detroit: Gale, 2004. U.S. History In Context. Web. 20 May 2013."Reagan and Gorbachev Sign Arms Accord." The Cold War. Ed. Walter Hixson. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 2010. AmericanJourney. U.S. History In Context. Web. 17 May 2013.Reagan Time Cover. Nuclear Files. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.<>."Reykjavik Summit." The Cold War. Ed. Walter Hixson. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 2010. American Journey. U.S. History InContext. Web. 17 May 2013.Rockwell B-1 Lancer. Aviastar. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.<>."Ronald Reagan delivers his Evil Empire speech." Image. Ronald Reagan Library. World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society.ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 19 May 2013."Ronald Reagan with Mikhail Gorbachev." Image. Ronald Reagan Library. World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 19 May 2013.Strategic Defense Initiative. Global Security. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.<>."U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev sign the INF Treaty on December..." Wests Encyclopedia ofAmerican Law. Ed. Shirelle Phelps and Jeffrey Lehman. 2nd ed. Vol. 5. Detroit: Gale, 2005. U.S. History In Context. Web. 17 May 2013."U.S. President Ronald Reagan is flanked by physicist Dr. Edward Teller, left, and Lt. Gen. James A...." Encyclopedia ofEspionage, Intelligence and Security. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Vol. 3. Detroit: Gale, 2004. U.S. History In Context.Web. 17 May 2013."U.S. president Ronald Reagan meets with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev at their December 1987..." Cold War Reference Library. Ed.Richard C. Hanes, Sharon M. Hanes, and Lawrence W. Baker. Vol. 2: Almanac Volume 2. Detroit: UXL, 2004. U.S. History In Context. Web.19 May 2013.