EARLY 1980S- New tension between Russia and US- Reagan- Harsh anti-communist and conservative- Disapproved of détente- thought it gave Soviets too muchfreedom/advantage
REAGAN’S STRATEGY- Increase US defense budget by $32.6 billion- Expanded the navy, aircraft carriers, weapons etc.- Approved B-1 bomber- ability to deliver nuclear weaponsand fly intercontinental missions w/o refueling- Over 5 years- $1.7 trillion defense budget
- Criticized soviets and their motives- Warned US of Soviet stockpile of nuclearweaponscreated domestic support- Soviets called for peace- ideas of arms reductions, nuclearfree zones, etc.- Reagan rejects all proposalscalls Soviet Union the “evilempire”
STAR WARS- Regan wants new nuclear arms program- Strategic Defense initiative- SDI- Development of orbiting anti missile system to protect US- Violated SALT treaty- constraints on missiles- Convinced soviets that US plotting attack
REAGAN DOCTRINE- Anticommunist approach thatguided policies- Aimed at stopping spread ofcommunism in world- US military force and moneywill undermine communism- Direct military, economic andpolitical pressurestrain SovietUnion
RELATIONS GO BAD- Soviets leave 3 arms negotiations- US deploys Pershing cruise missiles in West Europe-Soviets view it as aggressive- Large scale NATO exercise- Operation Able Archer 83-convinced soviets of attack
GORBACHEV INOFFICE- 1985- Mikhail Gorbachev takes officein Soviet union- Wants to open society andrestructure the economy- Reagan admin. supports him-US open to improved relations- 6 years since US-SU summit
THE NEWRELATIONSHIP- 1985-1988- November 19th 1985- GenevaSummit- 1st day rocky- US wantsSDI, Gorbachev says no- Next day- Gorbachevunderstands Reagan sociallybut not politically- Non political chats betteredrelations- Gorbachev announces 1986elimination of all nukes by2000, and treaty to removeintermediate range missilesfrom Europe
REYKJAVIK SUMMIT- 1986, Iceland- Gorbachev wants to explain need for arms reduction- Reagan and him agreed on zero option of intermediaterange missiles in Europe- Agree on full elimination of all nuclear missiles in 10 years- No agreement on SDI- gorbachev wants it to be limitiedresearch, reagan won’t give up
DC SUMMIT- Productive summit in 1987- Gorbachev gave up anti-SDI position and is willing to endarms race- INF Treaty signed- Eliminated all intermediate range nuclear arms in Europe,inspection of missiles sites
MOSCOW SUMMIT- US senate ratifying INF in DCin Spring of 1988- Reagan goes to Moscow inlast two weeks in office- Change in attitude- “evilempire” to agreement- US president had not visitedSoviet Union for 14 years- Kept working relationship- 6 months later- Gorbachevdecides European nationsshould choose owngovernment, removal oftroops and weaponry in eastEurope
IMPACT ON FOREIGNPOLICY WITH RUSSIATODAY- New relationship with Russia in following years- George H.W Bush and Gorbachev- end of cold war,- NATO and Warsaw Pact nonaggression act- signing of Peace of Paris- Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin- US Russian relationship hasrocky patch- Yugoslavian war- US supports ethnic republics in seekingindependence, Russia supports Yugoslav gov’t
IMPACT CONTINUED- George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin- relationship declines at first, but found commonground, after 9/11- Russia becomes one of US’s strongest allies againstterrorism, provides support with bases and arms- 2002 Bush Putin Summit- Strategic Offensive ReductionsTreaty signed, new partnership formed
SUMMARY- Russia transformed from an enemy to a US ally- US seen as more reliable to form alliances with- US has strong commitment to finding peaceful relationsacross the globe
WORKS CITEDAllport, Alan. "Iran-Contra Scandal: Cold War." World at War:Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013.Web. 11 May 2013.
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