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Post-Its and Placemarks

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Semantische Annotation, Geotagging und Georeferenzierung mittels Linked Data

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Post-Its and Placemarks

  1. 1. Post Its & Placemarks Semantische Annotation, Geotagging und Georeferenzierung mittels Linked Data Rainer Simon Austrian Institute of Technology Bernhard Haslhofer Cornell University 10. Mai 2011 | Köln, Deutschland
  2. 2. <ul><li>Hintergrund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeana und das EuropeanaConnect Projekt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YUMA: Medienanntotation & Tagging in EuropeanaConnect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Szenario Landkartenannotation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linked Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was ist Linked Data? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wie publiziert man Daten als Linked Data? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Annotation von Landkarten mit YUMA Map </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantische Annotation mit Linked Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georefenzierung mit YUMA Map </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zusammenfassung & Fazit </li></ul>Inhalt EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  3. 3. Hintergrund EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  4. 4. Europeana Connect EU Projekt Kernkomponenten für „Europas Digitale Bibliothek“ www.europeana.eu EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  5. 5. Europeana | The European Cultural Heritage Web Portal EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  6. 6. Europeana Connect | End-User Medienannotation <ul><li>Basis für Wissensaustausch und Kommunikation </li></ul><ul><li>Anreiz für Besucher sich eingehender mit der Materie zu beschäftigen </li></ul><ul><li>Unterstützt community building </li></ul><ul><li>Erzeugt zusätzliche Metadaten für die Sammlungsobjekte </li></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  7. 7. Europeana Connect | Annotation & Wissenschaftliche Arbeit <ul><li>Annotation ist eine fundamentale Praktik in verschiedensten wissen- schaftlichen Disziplinen </li></ul><ul><li>Forscher organisieren und interpretieren Quellen mittels Annotationen und Notizen </li></ul><ul><li>Forscher teilen und tauschen Wissen durch Annotationen aus </li></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus by Romana Klee CC BY-SA 2.0
  8. 8. YUMA | Y UMA U niversal M edia A nnotator <ul><li>Zeichnen, Markieren, Notieren </li></ul><ul><li>auf Bildern, Audio, Video & Landkarten </li></ul><ul><li>Kommunizieren & Diskutieren </li></ul><ul><li>Teilen und Kommentieren von Annotationen </li></ul><ul><li>„ Folgen“ von Annotationen via RSS </li></ul><ul><li>Semantische Annotation </li></ul><ul><li>Endbenutzer als „Assistenten“ bei der Beschlagwortung der Inhalte </li></ul><ul><li>Datenvernetzung </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vernetzen von Annotationen mit relevanter Kontextinformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Öffnen von Annotationsdaten zur externen Wiederverwendung </li></ul></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  9. 9. dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana http://www.dilibri.de/urn/urn:nbn:de:0128-1-11799 Mittelalterliche Waffen: Hellebarde, Morgenstern,… Johann Hofmann 1689 Köln! Rhein Festung v. Fort-Louis, Bas-Rhin, Frankreich
  10. 10. Cologne Mehrsprachige Suche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  11. 11. 科隆 Mehrsprachige Suche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  12. 12. Hoffmannum, Iohannem Synonymsuche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  13. 13. Geographische Suche? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  14. 14. “ Read more...”? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  15. 15. “ Read more...”? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  16. 16. “ Read more...”? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  17. 17. Darstellungen mittelalterlicher Waffen? Flüsse in Deutschland, 17. Jh.? Festungsanlangen im Elsass? Komplexe Fragestellungen? EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  18. 18. Linked Data! EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  19. 19. <ul><li>Wissenschaftliche Daten, Publikationsdaten, Ereignisse, Nationale Statisiken, Wetterdaten, Persönliche Daten,… </li></ul><ul><li>Rohdaten – nicht (nur) Dokumente! </li></ul>http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web.html Linked Data | Vom Web der Dokumente zum Web der Daten EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  20. 20. <ul><li>Wissenschaftliche Daten, Publikationsdaten, Ereignisse, Nationale Statisiken, Wetterdaten, Persönliche Daten,… </li></ul><ul><li>Rohdaten – nicht (nur) Dokumente! </li></ul><ul><li>Datenvernetzung! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entdecken von Mustern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darstellen von Zusammenhängen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eigene Ergebnisse anderen öffnen! </li></ul>http://www.ted.com/talks/ hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty.html Linked Data | Vom Web der Dokumente zum Web der Daten EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  21. 21. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  22. 22. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  23. 23. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  24. 24. Linking Open Data cloud diagram, by Richard Cyganiak and Anja Jentzsch. http://lod-cloud.net/
  25. 25. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  26. 26. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  27. 27. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  28. 28. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  29. 29. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  30. 30. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  31. 31. EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  32. 32. Linked Data | Wie publiziert man Daten als Linked Data? <ul><li>Use URIs as names for things </li></ul><ul><li>Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names </li></ul><ul><li>When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information , using the standards (RDF, SPARQL) </li></ul><ul><li>Include links to other URIs so that they can discover more things </li></ul><ul><li>Berners-Lee, T. (2006) Design Issues: Linked Data. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html </li></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  33. 33. URI? | Uniform Resource Identifier <ul><li>“ a compact string of characters for identifying an abstract or physical resource” </li></ul><ul><li>In der IT-Praxis dienen URIs häufig zur Identifikation einer Ressource am Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Eine URL (Uniform Resource Locator) ist eine URI die die Ressource und die Zugriffsmethode definiert, z.B. </li></ul><ul><li>http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Locator </li></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  34. 34. RDF? | Resource Description Framework <ul><li>Ein Modell zur Repräsentation von Daten am World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>Mehrere Statements (Triple) bilden einen Graphen </li></ul>Cologne Cathedral rdfs:label ケルン大聖堂 rdfs:label EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus Kölner Dom http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Cologne_Cathedral World Heritage Site http://dbpedia.org/ontology/WorldHeritageSite rdf:type POINT(6.958 50.9413) geo:geometry
  35. 35. SPARQL? | SPARQL Protocol And Query Language <ul><li>Query-Sprache und Protokoll für den Zugriff auf RDF Daten am Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SELECT DISTINCT ?x </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHERE {?x rdf:type <http://dbpedia.org/ontology/WorldHeritageSite>} </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIMIT 10 </li></ul></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  36. 36. Linked? Open? Data Project? <ul><li>Open Data Die Philosophie oder der Grundsatz, Daten frei für jedermann zugänglich zu machen, ohne Einschränkungen durch Copyright, Patente, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Linked Data Methode für das Publizieren, Verteilen und Verknüpfen von Daten mittels URIs und RDF </li></ul><ul><li>Linking Open Data Ein Community Projekt des World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), mit dem Ziel das Web um ein “Gemeingut” an Daten zu erweitern, durch publizieren offener Datensets als RDF und Setzen von Links zwischen Ressourcen in verschiedenen Datensets </li></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  37. 37. Semantische Annotation auf Landkarten mit YUMA Map EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  38. 38. dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana http://www.dilibri.de/urn/urn:nbn:de:0128-1-11799 Mittelalterliche Waffen: Hellebarde, Morgenstern,… Johann Hofmann 1689 Köln! Rhein Festung v. Fort-Louis, Bas-Rhin, Frankreich
  39. 39. dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana http://www.dilibri.de/urn/urn:nbn:de:0128-1-11799 Johann Hofmann http://viaf.org/viaf/ 2541140/ http://dbpedia.org/ resource/Rhine http://sws.geonames.org/ 2886242/ http://sws.geonames.org/ 3017690/ http://annocultor.eu/ time/1689 http://dbpedia.org/ resource/Halberd http://dbpedia.org/ resource/Fortification / Festung v. Fort-Louis, Bas-Rhin, Frankreich Mittelalterliche Waffen: Hellebarde, Morgenstern,… 1689 Köln! Rhein
  40. 40. Kölle Johann Hofmann viaf:2541140 Hellebarde dbpedia:Halberd Köln geonames:2886242 Rhein dbpedia:Rhine 1689 annocultor:1689 Deutschland geonames:2921044 gn:parentCountry owl:sameAs gn:alternateName xml:lang=&quot;ksh&quot; EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus dbpedia:category: Medieval_weapons dcterms:subject dbpedia:category: Rivers_of_Germany dbpedia:Germany dcterms:subject dbpedia-owl:country dbpedia-owl:River rdf:type 1629 rdaGr2:dateOfBirth rdaGr2:dateOfDeath 1698
  41. 41. YUMA Map | Annotation (Video) EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  42. 42. YUMA Map | Mehrsprachige Suche & Synonymsuche (Video) EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  43. 43. Georeferenzierung EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  44. 44. Georeferenzierung <ul><li>Unterstützt beim Verständnis der Konstruktionsmethode </li></ul><ul><li>Kann auf verwendete Projektionen und Quelldaten hinweisen </li></ul><ul><li>Hilft bei Beurteilung der Genauigkeit </li></ul><ul><li>Voraussetzung für erweiterte Funktionen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ortssuche </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kartenüberlagerung/-vergleich </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>geographische Suche,... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kann kooperativ erfolgen! </li></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  45. 45. YUMA Map | Georeferenzierung per Control Points EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  46. 46.
  47. 47. Georeferenzierung | Annotationsexport EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  48. 48. http://dme.ait.ac.at/annotation Infos, Videos, Live Demo http://github.com/yuma-annotation Source code, Setup- und Entwicklerinformation [email_address] Für alles weitere… EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  49. 49. Zusammenfassung <ul><li>Annotation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundamentale Praktik in der wissenschaftlichen Forschung </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linked Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Einfache Prinzipien für die Publikation von Daten am Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ermöglicht Vernetzung über Domänengrenzen! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Menge an (offenen) Datensets steigt! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>YUMA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annotation für Bilder, Audio, Video – und Landkarten! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantische Annotation mittels Linked Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georeferenzierung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bereitstellen von Annotationsdaten als Linked Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erweiterte Suche: Mehrsprachig, Synonym-, Geo-Suche </li></ul></ul>EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  50. 50. It’s about people doing their bit, to produce a little bit, and it all connecting. That’s how Linked Data works. - Tim Berners-Lee EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  51. 51. You may not have a lot of data which you have yourself to put on there, but you know to demand it. - Tim Berners-Lee EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus
  52. 52. Danke für die Aufmerksamkeit! Fragen? [email_address] Bildquellen dilibri Rheinland-Pfalz / Europeana Library of Congress – Discovery and Exploration Maps Österreichische Nationalbibliothek psdgraphics.com EuropeanaConnect is coordinated by the Austrian National Library Co-funded by the European Community Programme eContent plus

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