The name " Binondo " is a toponym derived fromthe archaic spelling of the Tagalog term " binondoc " (modern orthography: binund ó k ), ormountainous, referring to the districts originally hilly terrain.
Founded in 1594, Binondo was created by SpanishGovernor Luis Pérez Dasmariñas as a permanent settlementfor Chinese immigrants (the Spanish called the Chinesesangleys ) who converted to Catholicism. The Spanish gave aland grant for Binondo to a group of Chinese merchants andartisans in perpetuity, tax-free and with limited self-governing privileges. In 1603 a Chinese revolt took place ledby Juan Suntay, a wealthy Catholic Chinese. It was put downby joint Spanish and native forces led by Luis PérezDasmariñas. In the aftermath most of the 20,000 Chinesethat composed the colony were killed. During the brief British occupation of Manila ,between 1762 and 1764, Binondo was bombarded on severaloccasions and some of its structures destroyed. ManySpanish, Mestizos, Chinese and natives were killed andbrought into prisons indiscriminately. Among the many whomarried at the historic Binondo Churchwas Andres Bonifacioin 1895, who became a hero of Philippine Revolution.Binondo was believed the oldest Chinatown in the world andprobably the most assimilated Chinese neigborhood inSoutheast Asia.
Binondo Church: Built in 1596, Binondo Church is one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. It is located in Plaza San Lorenzo Ruiz and is the home of the Santo Cristo de Longos or the Crucified Christ, believed to be miraculous. Philippine revolutionary hero Andres Bonifacio married another national hero, Gregoria de Jesus, in the church.
There are alsorestaurants that are serving ChineseDelicacies. There are also herbal stores, Grocery shop etc.
Yearly, Chinatown is at its most active during ChineseNew Year (January/February), when locals perform dragon dances, light up firecrackers, and rush to Buddhist temples like Kuang Kong and SengGuan Temple to burn incense, know their fortune, and offer fruits and food to Buddha. Chinese New Year culminates with LanternFestival. After Hungry GhostFestival, the people celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival, which is also called MoonFestival or Mooncake , locals eat moon cakes and offer round fruits to the moon goddess Chang’e and to thegod of agriculture, Shen Nong. Eating a moon cake also symbolizes unity among the Chinese.
• Like other Chinatowns in the world, Binondo is famous for its diverse Chinese cuisine. Carvajal Street boasts of savory Chinese dishes, fresh fruits, and a row of Chinese restaurants and stalls selling foodstuffs like mami (noodle soup) and siopao (the Hokkien version of steamed buns or Baozi with meat filling). Among the restaurants that offer these are Wai Ying Fastfood in Benavides Street, Crepe De Chine in Juan Luna corner Dasmariñas Streets, Dong Bei Dumplings in Nueva Street, Savory Restaurant in Escolta, and Ying Ying Teahouse in Dasmariñas corner Yuchengco Streets.
Binondo has only one hotel, Binondo Suites (Tel. No. +63 2 736-6501,firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +63 2 7365783), a three-starstandard business inn at the heart of Chinatown, specifically in 801Ongpin and S. Padilla Streets. For more options, the nearest hotels are in Ermita.
• Binondo is about a kilometer from Manila City hall and the National Museum. It is just behind Quiapo, across the Pasig River from Intramuros, and right beside Divisoria. There are many taxis in Manila that can get you to Binondo, although taxi drivers often dread going there because of the heavy traffic. By LRT, ride from Baclaran Station to Carriedo Station then start walking from there. You may also get off at Central Station, walk towards the Manila City Hall, and take a jeepney there bound for Divisoria. By water shuttle, the Pasig River Ferry stops at Escolta Station near the Jones Bridge.• Via jeepney, take the Divisoria route via Taft Avenue in Pasay City and ask the driver to drop you off near the Binondo Church. It is relatively safe to walk around Binondo on foot, but riding the calesa (horse-drawn carriage) might provide a different experience.