Bio innovation


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Bio innovation

  2. 2. BIO INNOVATIONMISSIONOperate in a safe, profitable, with social and environmental responsibility in themarketplace by providing products and services tailored to customer needs andcontributing to sustainable development.VALUES• Sustainable development• Integration• Results• Readiness for change• Entrepreneurship and innovation• Ethics and Transparency• Respect for life• Pride of always innovateTHE PROJECTIn summary, the construction affects the environment through the removal ofmaterials from nature that are not returnable, such as sand, cal, iron, aluminum,wood, water and also the rubble, which is the result of leftovers, waste and wastebuilding materials into a work that can be demolition, paving or construction of house,fence or building. With this, new building technologies are being created, including:recycling of rubble.Among the materials commonly used in constructions that the plastic today, the plasticindustry is greater than the steel and aluminum combination. The plastic has a historyof probably the most spectacular growth between materials engineering. Within arelatively short time of its inception, this versatile material started to replace metalsand wood in various applications.WHY USE RECYCLED BRICKS?We currently face many disasters and delays in the construction area. However, withthe use of the brick is recyclable plastic can quickly build a property because it is a dryconstruction. Also, the bricks are heavily engaged and this greatly reduces the cost andconstruction time.Another innovation is that avoids the use of mortar or metal structures, which reducesthe emission of pollutants and the use of these materials.
  3. 3. WHAT IS A RECYCLING? All actions that aim to enable the reuse of materials and / or products in order to extend its life cycle and reduce the problems with the form of waste disposal or emission of pollutants, are considered recycling activities. BENEFITSWASTE PRODUCTION RECYCLING COST SAVINGS COST IMPACT INVESTMENTS: • Feedstock • Equipment • energy • Technology • water COST TO RECYCLE SALE OF PRODUCTS FROM RECYCLED. OPERATING EXPENSES INHERENT AND RECYCLINGSOURCE: Adapted Ferreira (Ferreira, 20013, p.6) FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF RECYCLING IN CONSTRUCTION To make the analysis of the viability of recycling a piece of construction, it was necessary to measure the costs of investment in recycling equipment and their operating costs and also the use of new technologies such as "Ecological Brick". This was measured spending for investments in equipment and operation. To measure the return on investment in recycling and new technologies has made a case study to determine the cost of building a masonry wall made in the normal process then was compared to the construction costs of the same products generated using the recycling.
  4. 4. COST OF RECYCLINGAccording to data provided by city hall Ribeirão Preto, rode up the followingworksheets spending recycling:Costs at a recycling plant construction INITIAL INVESTMENTCIVIL WORKS USD 46.540,00EQUIPMENT USD 63.020,00TOTAL USD 109.550,00OPERATING COSTS PER MONTHMaintenance Of Equipment And Facilities USD 242,38Disposal Of Waste To The Landfill USD 193,90Transportation From Recyclable Material USD 38,78Hand of Work USD 7.270,00Rental Of A Shovel - Mechanical Loaders USD 900,00Electricity (1,000 kWh / month) USD 157,71Cost Shovel - Mechanical Loaders USD 1.220,00Total USD 10.030,00SOURCE: Recycling Plant Construction of City Hall of Ribeirão – 2011The cost of retro table, described as follows:• Maintenance of equipment and facilities: These are fixed costs because on averagethese are the amounts spent for providing technical assistance to equipment;• Disposal of waste to landfill: Also are fixed costs because they are spending toorganize the debris that is deposited in the landfill of the Municipality;• Transport from Recycled Material: It is a variable cost because it is an expense totransport aggregates recycling sites themselves;• Hand-to-Work: It is considered a variable cost because it is linked directly to therecycling process;• Rent the Shovel - Mechanical Handling: It is a fixed cost for being an expense that theplant has and is in agreement with fixed value;• Electricity: It is a variable cost because it is directly related to the production ofaggregates.Detailing the costs of the best recycling process will have the following situation:• Production of rubble per day: 80,000 kg or 66.67 m³• Cost to recycle 80,000 kg of rubbish day: U.S. $ 334,19• Cost of Recycling Rubble per kg = $ 0.01
  5. 5. This is the cost of reusing materials used and should be outweighed by the benefits: reduced operational costs of construction and elimination of environmental damage and its consequences COST OF MANUFACTURE OF BRICK ECOLOGICAL The brick is an ecological alternative offered by recycling. The said construction material is produced from recycled materials. According to data provided by the company Sahara (2004) it was found that the investment to manufacture eco brick is USD 3.930,00 relating to equipment purchases. Using the labor of three mason helpers for mixing the raw material, operate the shredder and handle the final product is totaled USD 1,71 per hour. Operating costs per hour (Production of 100 bricks per hour) Hand of Work USD 1,71 raw Material USD 4,92 Total USD 6,63 As equipment produces 100 bricks per hour, the unit cost of a brick equals USD 0.07.TO CONCLUDE, IT IS PROFITABLE TO INVEST? If they are counting the cost of purchasing the equipment Investment property and to deploy the recycling process, plus the costs of purchasing equipment manufacturing brick eco give a total of USD 113.050,00 According to studies conducted by the team, this machine has the capacity to recycle 80.000kg per day and has a positive daily USD 5.790,00 and to confront the outcome of the total invested, will conclude that at 19, 51 (USD 113.050,00 / USD 5.790,00) days we paid the initial investment. Therefore it is concluded to be a worthwhile investment to invest. POTENTIAL CLIENTS ALL WOMAN INTERVIEWEES MEN 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120%
  6. 6. ANALYSIS OF ISSUES• You would like to buy products recycled plastic? WOMAN MAN 16% 13% YES YES 84% 87% NO NO• What to consider when buying an item of recycled plastic? 12% 15% PRICE 73% DURABILITY QUALITY• How much would you pay for this kind of product?All surveyed do not have a position on the issue of price, just generally argue that theyshould have the price cheaper than the conventional.
  7. 7. LEARNING We performed a search with 40 potential clients where questioned severalaspects like price, what they consider important in products if they would use ourproduct, and in general 80% of respondents would use. Also we enter into contact withcompanies working on sustainable projects to assess the profit, the work system,example of this was the PETROBRAS BRAZIL who provided us with the necessarymaterial, also we come into contact with the Municipality of Ribeirão Preto - São Paulo- Brazil, where they have adopted a recycling system where so we may analyze thevalue of the investment, and that this would bring profit, and concludes queinvestindoafter 19.51 days would have the profit, ie, it is profitable. A requirement perceived bycustomers is that the product has lower cost than the conventional product. Finally,we must continue to pursue this sustainable idea that will be beneficial to both
  8. 8. By BIO INNOVATION Providing the OpportunityChuck Eesley: Assistant Professor, Management Science & Engineering, StanfordUniversityVenture Lab, Stanford UniversityParticipants:Abner ReisAkash MandalJia XuPrem SagarYordan NenovMatthew Lee Zhi JieMir Dost BrohiAkshi Maheshwari (mentor)Matt Pru (mentor).