Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe   Feudalism-the system of political    organization prevailing in Europe from    the 9th to...
Feudalism   Reciprocal military obligations between    members of the warrior nobility in    Medieval Europe
Feudalism Characteristics-Lords grant parcels of land  known as fiefs to lesser knights who are  known as vassals, who in...
Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe   Manorialism-smallest economic social    unit revolving around an estate,    controlled by...
Manorialism   Land=Wealth!!!   Characteristics-Manors were self-sufficient    where serfs raised and produced nearly    ...
Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe Schism-a formal division in or separation  from a church or religious body Great Schism- 1...
Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe   Hundred Years’ War-a series of wars    fought between England and France    from 1337-145...
The Spread of Christianity During the Middle Ages- “The         Age of Faith” Church develops in power during the  Middle...
Christianity in Medieval Europe-“The Age of Faith” Missionaries spread Christianity Authority in Medieval Europe based o...
Religious Influence-The          Medieval Church   Unifying force   Shared beliefs and rituals   Sense of security and ...
Thomas Aquinas   Catholic philosopher and theologian of the    Middle Ages-13th Century   “Summa Theologica” AKA “Summar...
Roman Catholicism vs. EasternOrthodoxy Pope has authority over      Patriarch and other  all other bishops, kings,     b...
How did the development of Christianity actas a unifying social and political factor inMedieval Europe and the Byzantine E...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Unit 4 a middle ages in europe notes and vocab

2,498 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Unit 4 a middle ages in europe notes and vocab

  1. 1. Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe Feudalism-the system of political organization prevailing in Europe from the 9th to about the 15th centuries having as its basis the relation of lords granting parcels of land known as fiefs to lesser knights who are known as vassals, who in turn provide military service to the lord.
  2. 2. Feudalism Reciprocal military obligations between members of the warrior nobility in Medieval Europe
  3. 3. Feudalism Characteristics-Lords grant parcels of land known as fiefs to lesser knights who are known as vassals, who in turn, provide military service to the lord. Chivalry and fealty between the lord and vassal Contributing Factors-Fall of the Roman Empire leaves a gap in protection and services to the people, invaders overrun communities, people turn to their local lord for protection
  4. 4. Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe Manorialism-smallest economic social unit revolving around an estate, controlled by a lord, who gives land and protection to his serfs, who in turn give him their services.
  5. 5. Manorialism Land=Wealth!!! Characteristics-Manors were self-sufficient where serfs raised and produced nearly everything needed for that community. The open-field system allowed several families of serfs to farm strips of the same parcel of land. Living conditions were generally harsh. Contributing Factors-Model of villas in the Roman Empire used to manage rural economies; decline in overland and sea trade after the fall of Rome as well as threats from invaders promoted the self-sufficiency of the manor.
  6. 6. Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe Schism-a formal division in or separation from a church or religious body Great Schism- 1054-divides the Eastern and Western Churches into Roman Catholic and the Orthodox Church
  7. 7. Unit 4A-Middle Ages in Europe Hundred Years’ War-a series of wars fought between England and France from 1337-1453…Joan of Arc.
  8. 8. The Spread of Christianity During the Middle Ages- “The Age of Faith” Church develops in power during the Middle Ages-THE AUTHORITY! People look to the Church for security, stability, and protection in times of frequent wars Shared beliefs bond the people of Medieval Europe 1054-Great Schism-divides the Eastern and Western Churches into Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church
  9. 9. Christianity in Medieval Europe-“The Age of Faith” Missionaries spread Christianity Authority in Medieval Europe based on the Church Charlemagne crowned emperor by Pope Leo III, which shows the close connection between Church and state Church creates a system of justice, canon law, to regulate peoples’ conduct
  10. 10. Religious Influence-The Medieval Church Unifying force Shared beliefs and rituals Sense of security and community At the local level, Church was the religious AND social center. People met there for service, social gatherings, and festive celebrations Performed social services such as caring for the sick and the poor-operated most hospitals in Medieval Europe
  11. 11. Thomas Aquinas Catholic philosopher and theologian of the Middle Ages-13th Century “Summa Theologica” AKA “Summary of Theology Establishment of universities-emerging from the Dark Ages and “rediscovering” classical thought (especially the Greeks!) It had been preserved by the Byzantine and Islamic world Tried to reconcile Faith and Reason Known as Scholasticism-set the stage for the Renaissance and Reformation
  12. 12. Roman Catholicism vs. EasternOrthodoxy Pope has authority over  Patriarch and other all other bishops, kings, bishops lead the church and emperors as a collective group Services conducted in  Services conducted in Latin Greek or local languages Priests cannot marry  Priests may marry Divorce is not permitted  Divorce is allowed under certain circumstancesRoman Catholicism- Eastern Orthodox-Western Europe Byzantine Empire
  13. 13. How did the development of Christianity actas a unifying social and political factor inMedieval Europe and the Byzantine Empire? Missionaries  Constantine relocated the Political authority based on capital of the Eastern Roman Empire-Constantinople the Church  Justinian constructs Hagia Charlemagne crowned Sophia and other churches emperor by the Pope throughout the Byzantine Shared beliefs act as a Empire to show close bond connection between Church and state Stability and security  Missionaries St. Cyril and St. “Age of Faith” Methodius-Cyrillic language System of justice-canon and Christianization of the law Slavs (Russia)Medieval Europe Byzantine Empire

×