Did the ideals of the revolution change as its
Were the original goals achieved? Did they hold on to
Which social classes gained the most from the
revolution? Which lost?
How was the old political, social, and economic order
of society changed?
Least violent revolution and most stable government
Expansion of voting rights (among white men)
Articles of Confederation created a limited
government. (Democracy was a gradual process!)
The Constitution created the best government EVER.
(Remember, history is all about interpretation!)
Bill of Rights and Constitution=1st sustained effort to
put Enlightenment ideals into practice!
Right to Revolution!!!
The new U.S. developed in relative isolation.
Real politics in the public sphere emerged for the 1st
time-More involvement by ordinary people
Common people begin thinking of themselves as part
of a NATION!
State replaces Church!
Napoleon spread revolutionary ideas through
For decades following the revolution, the French
government changed frequently from Republic to
Monarchy, with intermittent periods of violence and
Other European powers made alliances to balance the
power of Europe and keep stability (no more
Only completely successful slave revolt in world history
Most whites fled or were killed
Private/State lands redistributed-Nation of small-scale
farmers producing mostly for their own needs (contrast
with former plantation economy)
Destructive internal divisions of race/color/class
Inspired other slave rebellions-temporary expansion of
In Latin America-deep caution and social conservativism
in independence movement leaders
Political/Social: Tended to be undemocratic (military junta)
Continued battles between liberals, conservatives and the
military over how to best rule. Unstable.
Tensions between articulate political forces and the separate
Unable to free itself from dependence on Western-controlled
Dependent on foreign tech and investment
Cultural/intelligent: Colonial relationship still existed
Distinct cultural entity
combination of Western styles and values plus its racial diversity,
colonial past, and social structure of a semi-colonial economy.