China during the Sui, Tang, & Song Dynasties Sui  589-618 Tang  618-907 Song  960 -1279
Background <ul><li>After the fall of the Han Empire in 220 c.e., northern China was controlled by Central Asian & Tibetan ...
Background <ul><li>By 589, the first emperor of the Sui dynasty had forcefully reunited northern and southern China once a...
 
 
“ A Golden Age” <ul><li>China during the Tang and Song dynasties enjoyed  </li></ul><ul><li>political stability </li></ul>...
 
 
 
 
 
Even though there were many changes, Chinese culture  retained  many of its characteristics from earlier dynasties. <ul><l...
<ul><li>Written language was separate from spoken languages </li></ul><ul><li>The social class structure and gender roles ...
CHARACTERISTICS OF CHINA DURING THE SUI, TANG, and SONG DYNASTIES
Politics & Government <ul><li>The frontiers were stabilized & attempts at expansion were partially successful. </li></ul><...
Agriculture in Tang & Song China <ul><li>Agricultural production improved & crop specialization intensified with improved ...
INDUSTRY & TRADE <ul><li>China continued to </li></ul><ul><li>be a main producer </li></ul><ul><li>of . . . </li></ul><ul>...
TRADE <ul><li>Regional trade  improved due to improved infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean trade  increased with...
 
Finance <ul><li>Banking and  Credit  system (flying money) </li></ul><ul><li>Government issued paper money. </li></ul><ul>...
Social Classes <ul><li>Landowners (landed gentry) were at the top of the social class system.  </li></ul><ul><li>Scholar-b...
Gender Roles <ul><li>Women’s status slowly declined (despite attempts at reform by several empresses). </li></ul><ul><li>T...
From Ning Lao T'ai-t'ai  <ul><li>“ A girl's beauty and desirability were counted more by the size of her feet than by the ...
 
 
 
Technology and Innovation <ul><li>First chain driven mechanism - the clock (1088) </li></ul><ul><li>Gunpowder  </li></ul><...
Other Advancements included: <ul><li>Tang and Song China had some of the largest cities in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>So...
<ul><li>In terms of advancements, innovations, and knowledge, China benefited from centuries of Chinese scholarship and te...
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Sui,tang, and song nathan's

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Sui,tang, and song nathan's

  1. 1. China during the Sui, Tang, & Song Dynasties Sui 589-618 Tang 618-907 Song 960 -1279
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>After the fall of the Han Empire in 220 c.e., northern China was controlled by Central Asian & Tibetan nomads; no group in southern China was strong enough to control the entire region (30 dynasties in about 300 years claimed the Mandate of Heaven). </li></ul><ul><li>For 350 years, regional rule was the political reality. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background <ul><li>By 589, the first emperor of the Sui dynasty had forcefully reunited northern and southern China once again. </li></ul><ul><li>The foundations for the Tang & Song Dynasties were laid. </li></ul>
  4. 6. “ A Golden Age” <ul><li>China during the Tang and Song dynasties enjoyed </li></ul><ul><li>political stability </li></ul><ul><li>economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>intellectual & artistic achievement </li></ul>
  5. 12. Even though there were many changes, Chinese culture retained many of its characteristics from earlier dynasties. <ul><li>Confucianism remained a foundation of society and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>China continued to be superior in many advancements, in technology, and ideas to other areas of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Power of the emperor & scholar-bureaucracy returned </li></ul>
  6. 13. <ul><li>Written language was separate from spoken languages </li></ul><ul><li>The social class structure and gender roles remained relatively constant. </li></ul>
  7. 14. CHARACTERISTICS OF CHINA DURING THE SUI, TANG, and SONG DYNASTIES
  8. 15. Politics & Government <ul><li>The frontiers were stabilized & attempts at expansion were partially successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized government returned along with a bureaucracy of trained civil servants. </li></ul>
  9. 16. Agriculture in Tang & Song China <ul><li>Agricultural production improved & crop specialization intensified with improved infrastructure , iron implements, and printing . </li></ul><ul><li>New crop – </li></ul><ul><li>Champa rice – </li></ul><ul><li>Could be harvested twice </li></ul>
  10. 17. INDUSTRY & TRADE <ul><li>China continued to </li></ul><ul><li>be a main producer </li></ul><ul><li>of . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Silk (though monopoly was lost) </li></ul><ul><li>Porcelain </li></ul><ul><li>Metals </li></ul><ul><li>China began cotton, tea, and sugar production and export. </li></ul>
  11. 18. TRADE <ul><li>Regional trade improved due to improved infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean trade increased with Tang control over coastal Southern China </li></ul><ul><li>Silk Road trade increased </li></ul>
  12. 20. Finance <ul><li>Banking and Credit system (flying money) </li></ul><ul><li>Government issued paper money. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of cities led to growth of industry, trade, and the empires’ economy </li></ul>
  13. 21. Social Classes <ul><li>Landowners (landed gentry) were at the top of the social class system. </li></ul><ul><li>Scholar-bureaucrats (scholar gentry) & military leaders were also in upper-class. </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants and artisans could acquire a great deal of wealth - but were in the lower classes. </li></ul>
  14. 22. Gender Roles <ul><li>Women’s status slowly declined (despite attempts at reform by several empresses). </li></ul><ul><li>The Song Period saw women </li></ul><ul><li>at a very low social status. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence: Seclusion, lack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of property rights, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exclusion from education, & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOOTBINDING. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 23. From Ning Lao T'ai-t'ai <ul><li>“ A girl's beauty and desirability were counted more by the size of her feet than by the beauty of her face. Matchmakers were not asked, 'Is she beautiful?' but 'How small are her feet?' A plain face is given by heaven but poorly bound feet are a sign of laziness.” </li></ul>
  16. 27. Technology and Innovation <ul><li>First chain driven mechanism - the clock (1088) </li></ul><ul><li>Gunpowder </li></ul><ul><li>Paper production and block printing techniques were invented and then advanced—moveable type. </li></ul><ul><li>Boat building and navigational technology was more advanced than the rest of the world. </li></ul>
  17. 28. Other Advancements included: <ul><li>Tang and Song China had some of the largest cities in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Song Chinese were the first to use fractions in computations and equations. </li></ul><ul><li>Solar year was accurately measured </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors in Song China compiled and printed medical texts </li></ul>
  18. 29. <ul><li>In terms of advancements, innovations, and knowledge, China benefited from centuries of Chinese scholarship and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Influences from other parts of the world (especially during the Tang period) also had a considerable effect. </li></ul>

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