Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Russia 1450 1750


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Russia 1450 1750

  1. 1. Russia Brief History of an Empire 1450s to 1700s
  2. 2. CULTURAL & POLITICAL INFLUENCES on RUSSIA <ul><li>Slavic, Viking, European and Central Asian cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine missionaries brought Orthodox Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of Asian Russia had converted to Islam </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Orthodox Christianity was eventually controlled by the Tsar. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early Russia & Invasion <ul><li>Feudal Lords were loosely organized in what was call the Kievan Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Then INVASION by the Mongols and Russia became part of the Mongol Empire from the 1200s to 1400s. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1240-1480 Mongol Rule <ul><li>After the Mongols withdrew (or were they defeated?), a kingdom centered around Moscow had begun. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Russia 1450 - 1690 <ul><li>The first TSARS (Caesars) expanded power and the growing Russian Empire into Siberia and Central Asia. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Russia 1450 - 1690 <ul><li>The first TSARS (or Czars) </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to gain power over the boyars (nobles) and create a strong central government. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Russia 1450 - 1690 <ul><li>Conflicts over the rule of Russia led to series of civil wars and political turmoil and outside invasions. </li></ul>
  9. 11. The Romanovs <ul><li>Romanov Dynasty began in 1613, when Russian independence was restored (lasting to 1914) after a period of civil wars and outside invasions. </li></ul>
  10. 12. The power of the Tsars increased <ul><li>Councils of Russian nobles were eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Trained bureaucrats came from “lower classes” in the government and military instead of nobles being officials </li></ul><ul><li>Secret police and Tsar’s special forces suppressed rebellion </li></ul>
  11. 13. New Openness to the West <ul><li>1689-1725 Tsar Peter the Great </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Westernization </li></ul><ul><li>Modernized army, built a navy, and continued expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Instituted an educational system </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Western dress, architecture, styles & </li></ul><ul><li>BEARDS! </li></ul><ul><li>(But not politics.) </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Allowed mobility in government based upon merit </li></ul><ul><li>Built St. Petersburg </li></ul><ul><li>Organized and modernized trade and commerce. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Russia became one of the great land empires. <ul><li>“ Pioneers” expanded Russian territorial control </li></ul>
  15. 19. Reform, then Repression <ul><li>1762-1796 Catherine the Great (Tsarina) </li></ul><ul><li>Continued expansion and westernization </li></ul><ul><li>Was initially open to social reforms . . . “Enlightened Despot” </li></ul><ul><li>The French Revolution & rebellion at home caused her to become more oppressive </li></ul>
  16. 20. Russian interaction with . . . <ul><li>Ottoman Empire , Eastern Europe, and Central Asia Russian war victories led to territorial gains (especially Poland and around the Caspian sea) </li></ul><ul><li>China – mutual agreement on boundaries </li></ul>
  17. 22. Russian interaction with . . . <ul><li>Western Europe – Westerners carried on much of the trade in Russia, Western styles from architecture to the military were mimicked, but Russia remained politically isolated from Western Europe. </li></ul>
  18. 23. Themes in Early Modern Russia <ul><li>Russia remained a traditional agricultural society. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles continued to control the lower classes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serfdom was expanded and rural peasants suffered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little freedom was offered to the lower classes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social unrest and revolt was common </li></ul>