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Russia 1450 1750

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Russia 1450 1750

  1. 1. Russia Brief History of an Empire 1450s to 1700s
  2. 2. CULTURAL & POLITICAL INFLUENCES on RUSSIA <ul><li>Slavic, Viking, European and Central Asian cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine missionaries brought Orthodox Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of Asian Russia had converted to Islam </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Orthodox Christianity was eventually controlled by the Tsar. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early Russia & Invasion <ul><li>Feudal Lords were loosely organized in what was call the Kievan Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Then INVASION by the Mongols and Russia became part of the Mongol Empire from the 1200s to 1400s. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1240-1480 Mongol Rule <ul><li>After the Mongols withdrew (or were they defeated?), a kingdom centered around Moscow had begun. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Russia 1450 - 1690 <ul><li>The first TSARS (Caesars) expanded power and the growing Russian Empire into Siberia and Central Asia. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Russia 1450 - 1690 <ul><li>The first TSARS (or Czars) </li></ul><ul><li>Worked to gain power over the boyars (nobles) and create a strong central government. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Russia 1450 - 1690 <ul><li>Conflicts over the rule of Russia led to series of civil wars and political turmoil and outside invasions. </li></ul>
  9. 11. The Romanovs <ul><li>Romanov Dynasty began in 1613, when Russian independence was restored (lasting to 1914) after a period of civil wars and outside invasions. </li></ul>
  10. 12. The power of the Tsars increased <ul><li>Councils of Russian nobles were eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Trained bureaucrats came from “lower classes” in the government and military instead of nobles being officials </li></ul><ul><li>Secret police and Tsar’s special forces suppressed rebellion </li></ul>
  11. 13. New Openness to the West <ul><li>1689-1725 Tsar Peter the Great </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Westernization </li></ul><ul><li>Modernized army, built a navy, and continued expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Instituted an educational system </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Western dress, architecture, styles & </li></ul><ul><li>BEARDS! </li></ul><ul><li>(But not politics.) </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Allowed mobility in government based upon merit </li></ul><ul><li>Built St. Petersburg </li></ul><ul><li>Organized and modernized trade and commerce. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Russia became one of the great land empires. <ul><li>“ Pioneers” expanded Russian territorial control </li></ul>
  15. 19. Reform, then Repression <ul><li>1762-1796 Catherine the Great (Tsarina) </li></ul><ul><li>Continued expansion and westernization </li></ul><ul><li>Was initially open to social reforms . . . “Enlightened Despot” </li></ul><ul><li>The French Revolution & rebellion at home caused her to become more oppressive </li></ul>
  16. 20. Russian interaction with . . . <ul><li>Ottoman Empire , Eastern Europe, and Central Asia Russian war victories led to territorial gains (especially Poland and around the Caspian sea) </li></ul><ul><li>China – mutual agreement on boundaries </li></ul>
  17. 22. Russian interaction with . . . <ul><li>Western Europe – Westerners carried on much of the trade in Russia, Western styles from architecture to the military were mimicked, but Russia remained politically isolated from Western Europe. </li></ul>
  18. 23. Themes in Early Modern Russia <ul><li>Russia remained a traditional agricultural society. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles continued to control the lower classes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serfdom was expanded and rural peasants suffered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little freedom was offered to the lower classes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social unrest and revolt was common </li></ul>

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