Ming and tokugawa intro 2011

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Ming and tokugawa intro 2011

  1. 1. Ming China and Tokugawa Japan Empires that chose ISOLATION
  2. 2. MING CHINA 1368-1644
  3. 3. “ New” Dynasty in China – the Ming
  4. 4. In 1400, MING CHINA had . . . <ul><li>a stable government and bureaucracy (after overthrowing the last Mongol rulers of the Yuan dynasty) </li></ul><ul><li>Reinstated their education system for scholar-officials </li></ul><ul><li>more wealth, resources, & productivity in ag than most empires </li></ul>
  5. 5. In 1400, MING CHINA had . . . <ul><li>been using gunpowder, the compass, maps, and moveable print </li></ul><ul><li>larger armies than W. Europe & good shipbuilding technology </li></ul><ul><li>favorable terms for international trade </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ming China expanded its power <ul><li>Ming Emperors sent several gov-sponsored expeditions in the early 1400s. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of ships and thousands of men made diplomatic “contacts” and trade connections from China to East Africa. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Voyages of the Chinese, 1405-1433
  8. 9. Ming rulers chose internal development over trade and expansion <ul><li>By the late 1400s, Chinese officials destroyed the journals about the voyages. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade with Europeans was limited. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese rulers placed emphasis on border security, building campaigns, and agricultural production for China. </li></ul>
  9. 11. MING CHINA did NOT have . . . <ul><li>momentum toward expansion, technological innovation, or scientific progress </li></ul><ul><li>armies as well-trained or as deadly as the armies of Europe or the Islamic empires </li></ul>
  10. 12. Tokugawa Japan 1600-1867
  11. 14. In 1600, Japan had <ul><li>Recently been “unified.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Tokugawa family ruled Japan into the 1800s) </li></ul>
  12. 16. Tokugawa Ieyasu’s Casa
  13. 17. In 1600s, Japan had <ul><li>a long tradition of the warrior - elites </li></ul><ul><li>adopted some of the weapons of Europeans – and begun to manufacture their own. </li></ul>
  14. 18. By the late 1600s, the Tokugawa rulers imposed isolation by. . . <ul><li>severely limiting European trade goods & outlawing Christian missionaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Limiting Japanese travel </li></ul><ul><li>Banning Western books </li></ul><ul><li>Creating an education system that promoted Japanese identity </li></ul>
  15. 19. Keeping an eye on the “hairy barbarians” <ul><li>For the next centuries, the Japanese elite kept contact with developments in Europe through trade contacts with the Dutch. </li></ul>
  16. 20. Japan did NOT have <ul><li>many natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>success in invading Korea or China </li></ul>

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