Legacies of ancient greece

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Legacies of ancient greece

  1. 1. The Legacies of Ancient Greece©2012, TESCCC
  2. 2. What is a legacy? Traditions, skills, and knowledge of a culture that get passed on to people in the future something a culture is known for Martin Luther King’s legacy is Civil Rights A gift from the past©2012, TESCCC
  3. 3. The Legacies of Ancient Greece architecture epics theater scientific method democracy Socratic Method Greek tragedy mythology comedy classification trial by philosophy jury marathon Olympics Hippocratic Oath©2012, TESCCC
  4. 4. Democracy A government where the people have the right to make decisions about leaders and lawsGreek word meaning Athens developed the “rule of the people” first democracy The U.S. government is based on Athenian democracy©2012, TESCCC
  5. 5. Democracy in Athens Athens had the first democratic constitution. (A set of rules for how the government should run.) All men over 20 years old could participate in the Assembly. (The lawmaking group) Each year 500 names of citizens were drawn to be on the Council of Five Hundred who ran the daily business of Athens.©2012, TESCCC
  6. 6. Trial By Jury When a group of citizens decides if a person is innocent or guilty of a crime Serving on a jury was a citizen’s duty. About 500 jurors for a trial Jurors were paid for service.©2012, TESCCC
  7. 7. Epics Long poems written about gods, heroes, and history of a culture Homer is the most famous author of Greek epics. Wrote the Iliad about the Trojan War The Odyssey is about a Trojan War hero, Odysseus In the 17th - 19th Centuries, a “Classical Education” included the study of Latin and Greek. Students learned Greek by translating the Iliad and Odyssey; therefore, students grew up reading the stories of Greek Heroes©2012, TESCCC
  8. 8. Greek Mythology Myths are stories about gods & goddesses that were used to explain events in nature. 12 Major Gods & Goddesses of Mt. Olympus Zeus Poseidon Hades Hermes Hera Apollo Artemis Hephaestus Athena Demeter Aphrodite Ares©2012, TESCCC
  9. 9. Theater Grew out of festivals dedicated to Dionysus and developed into stories that were acted out Plays were performed at festivals and became competitions. Only male actors but women could watchActors wore masks to show gender, age & mood. Theater was carved into a hillside.©2012, TESCCC
  10. 10. Tragedy & Comedy Types of plays first developed by the Greeks Tragedy: Plays about suffering Aeschylus Comedy: Plays with a happy ending that poke fun at certain Aristophanes types of people©2012, TESCCC
  11. 11. Olympic Games Festival held in Olympia to honor Zeus Every four years - began 776 BC. Only men; women couldn’t watchOlympians swore not to cheat. Called a truce from war Won an olive wreath Winners were heroes.©2012, TESCCC
  12. 12. Olympic Games Foot races Javelin Warrior’s Race Discus Boxing Wrestling Pentathlon Messengers & Trumpeters©2012, TESCCC
  13. 13. Marathon Footrace that is 26 miles Greeks defeated the Persians at Marathon. Pheidippides ran to Athens (about 26 miles) to announce the victory. He reached Athens, cried out “Nike!” (“victory”), and fell over dead.©2012, TESCCC
  14. 14. Architecture The art and science of building Doric Ionic Corinthian Greeks well known for using three styles of columns in their buildings.©2012, TESCCC
  15. 15. Greek Architecture • Parthenon • Temple of Athena©2012, TESCCC
  16. 16. ArchitectureThe design of many buildingstoday has been influenced by the classical style of the Greeks. Why would many U.S. government buildings have been built using Greek architecture?©2012, TESCCC
  17. 17. U.S. Capitol / Texas Capitol©2012, TESCCC
  18. 18. Supreme Court Building Lincoln Memorial©2012, TESCCC
  19. 19. Philosophy Love of wisdom; trying to figure things out through learning and reasoning Socrates Socratic Method Plato Political Science Aristotle Science & Logic©2012, TESCCC
  20. 20. Socratic Method Teaching through step-by-step questions that are designed to lead the student to the truth Socrates was a Athenians were Greek afraid and philosopher who threatened by wanted people to his ideas, so he question and was tried and think for put to death. themselves.©2012, TESCCC
  21. 21. Classification of Living Things A system of grouping plants and animals that have similar characteristics Developed by Aristotle Helps scientists to handle a lot of info. Still used today©2012, TESCCC
  22. 22. Scientific Method Process used by scientists to study something 1 2 3 Collect Form Test Info Hypothesis Hypothesis©2012, TESCCC
  23. 23. Hippocratic Oath A list of rules about practicing medicine that doctors today still promise to followHippocrates Honor their teachers Believed that was the disease came “Father of Do their best for the sick from natural Scientific causes not evil Medicine” Never give poisons spirits Keep the secrets of patients Above all, do no harm! ©2012, TESCCC
  24. 24. Legacies of Ancient Greece Now that you are aware of them, you will see the legacies of the ancient Greeks cropping up all over the place!©2012, TESCCC

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