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Latin america and mexico after independence

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Latin america and mexico after independence

  1. 1. Late 19 th century and 20 th centuries Snapshot Latin America & Mexico (after independence)
  2. 2. Political Changes <ul><li>After independence, Nations and Regions in Latin America separated after revolutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gran Colombia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bolivia and Peru </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Provinces of Central America </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Political Continuities <ul><li>Caudillo Political Leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military leaders who rose to power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many became dictators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance of the military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military leadership took control to end chaos or solve problems others couldn’t solve. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Economic Continuities <ul><li>Plantation then estate agriculture for export was a base of the economies. </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency on the West </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western markets determined Latin American exports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latin America was dependent on Western investment and manufactured goods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited industrialization </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Dollar Diplomacy (creating “Banana Republics”) <ul><li>Western companies gained considerable political influence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was the United Fruit Company in Central America like the British East India Company? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Economic Changes <ul><li>Mining and early oil industry began </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of road and rail networks </li></ul><ul><li>World Wars and Economic depression created major disruptions in LA economies. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Continuity in Latin America – US involvement
  8. 9. Effects of the Great Depression on Latin America <ul><li>Foreign investments and purchases declined </li></ul><ul><li>The liberals were discredited and so was laissez-faire capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Violent coups in 12 countries. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Responses to the Economic Crisis <ul><li>Socialism or corporatism – the govt. controlled the economy to mediate the interests of different groups </li></ul><ul><li>Fascism & nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Reforms to include more groups in govt. and economy. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Effects of World Wars on Latin America <ul><li>Import substitution industrialization – growth in industry in Latin America to manufacture what had been imported </li></ul><ul><li>Distrust of Western ideas of government and economy. Growth of . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialism/communism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberation theology </li></ul></ul>

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