Communist Revolutions in Russia and China Before the revolutions – monarchs from a long lasting dynasty • QING – 1644-1912 • Romanov Tsars – 1300s to 1918 PROBLEMS – economic, social class tensions, rebellions Revolution part 1 – Dynasty fell and a provisional government took over Problems continue, Provisional government fails, radicals gain power
-Socialism –The means of production (businesses and services) are owned by the ―public‖ and operated for the good of all. The government controls key industries and thus parts of the economy.-Marxism / Communism - A radical type of socialism based upon the belief that: the working class majority would unite and forcibly take the political and economic power from the wealthy minority—who took advantage of them. The working class would then control the government, industry and agriculture. Worker councils would govern ―democratically‖. Goods and services, profits and benefits would be shared equally. Eventually, a classless society would develop.
Russian Revolution & Communist RussiaRussia = Soviet Union = USSR
THE FALL of TSAR’s Government PROBLEMS in Russia: lack of freedom, poor leadership, major economic problems, & food shortages. EVENTS that challenged the Tsar’s authority: westernization, defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, “Bloody Sunday”, 1905 Revolution, & losses during World War I.
Stages of Russian Revolution 1916-1917 Soldiers, rural and urban workers, & intelligentsia lead protests. Bloodless Revolution in March 1917: the Tsar abdicated the throne and a PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT was set up.
PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT failed as Russian losses in WWI and economic problems continued Radical movements gained support and momentum.
The BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION 1917 The Bolsheviks (one of the radical communist groups) and their leader, Vladmir LENIN, gained enough support and power to seize control of the government “on behalf of the people”