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Intro to islam


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Intro to islam

  1. 1. ISLAM In CONTEXT Islam – submission Muslim – one who submits
  2. 2. Foundations <ul><li>Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula within Arab Bedouin culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Bedouin culture was largely nomadic and polytheistic. </li></ul>
  3. 5. Foundations <ul><li>Muhammad was a merchant who experienced a revelation of God (Allah) that would begin a new religion – with connections to Judaism and Christianity. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Texts <ul><li>The Quran (Koran) contains the revelations given to Muhammad. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hadith are the teachings and actions of Muhammad. </li></ul>
  5. 7. Spread <ul><li>After Muhammad gained followers and won a civil war against other clan leaders, more groups joined him. </li></ul><ul><li>Military success, the weakness of surrounding Empires, and elements of Islamic belief allowed Muslims to expand their control. </li></ul><ul><li>The next centuries saw rapid expansion of the Islamic empire. </li></ul>
  6. 9. Spread <ul><li>As it spread, Arabic language and culture spread and mixed with other cultures. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Spread & CHANGE <ul><li>Soon after Muhammad’s death, two groups developed as a result of conflicting ideas about leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunni and Shi’a branches of Islam continued to split into smaller groups. </li></ul>
  8. 13. Spread & CHANGE <ul><li>As Islam spread into other regions it influenced cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>New cultures also influenced elements of Islam. </li></ul>
  9. 14. Connections with Judaism and Christianity <ul><li>Islam retained elements of Judaism and Christianity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus (as a prophet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Torah and Quran have similar narratives </li></ul></ul>
  10. 15. ESSAY Prompts <ul><li>Analyze the continuities and changes over time in Islamic Civilization as it spread from 600 ce to 1500 ce. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the similarities and differences in TWO of the following societies as they were impacted by Islam from 600 to 1500 ce. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anatolia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul>