Intro chinese communist 2012

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Intro chinese communist 2012

  1. 1. Revolution in China and Communist China (How does this compare with the Russian Revolution and Stalin’s Soviet Union) This presentation relies heavily on a power point created by Dan McDowell. Teaching Point, ©2003 Slide 1
  2. 2. Background• Manchu / Qing Dynasty maintained limited power while other nations held major concessions in the 20th century. Slide 2
  3. 3. QING DYNASTY FELL • Rural & urban workers, nationalists, communists, and intellectuals protested against the government. • The dynasty fell in 1911 and a weak provisional government took its place. • 1911 – 1925 Chinese Republic Slide 3
  4. 4. CIVIL WAR 1925-1937• After the provisional government failed, the NATIONALISTS led by Chiang Kai- shek, the COMMUNISTS led by Mao Zedong, and various WARLORDS began a CIVIL WAR for control of China Slide 4
  5. 5. Mao Zedong • Led the army in developing guerilla warfare tactics to fight the Nationalists and later the Japanese Slide 5
  6. 6. 1937 – Japan invaded China• Communists & Nationalists fought the Japanese “separately together”.• Communists were more effective in their guerilla war against the Japanese. Slide 6
  7. 7. Civil War Continued 1945-1949 • The West supported the Nationalist Army and the USSR sent some support to Mao Slide 7
  8. 8. Communist Victory1949• the Communists founded the People’s Republic of China. Slide 8
  9. 9. China under Communist • Foreigners were kicked out • Redistribution of land by the government • Industrialization began • Women gained power Slide 9
  10. 10. Mao consolidated power • Many who were nationalists, upperclass, or dissidents were imprisoned in forced labor camps or killed. Slide 10
  11. 11. Social Class Changes • Wealthy upper class (including ruling families) was removed. • Landowning class was destroyed. • Intellectuals attacked Slide 11
  12. 12. Great Leap Forward 1950s- • Mao’s government took control of all the land. • Started “back yard industrialization” Slide 12
  13. 13. Great Leap Forward• The plan failed miserably – famine caused over 20 million deaths, steel production dropped drastically.

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