Inference                Roman Republic                   World History                  Unit 3, Lesson 2©2012, TESCCC
Inference• The act or process of deriving logical  conclusions from premises known or  assumed to be true.©2012, TESCCC
Inference:  The act or process of  deriving logical conclusions  from premises known or         From a historian’s  assume...
How mightgeography                                      Rise of Romeaffect anemergingcivilization?                        ...
Early Romans:      • Latin- Early settlers of Rome      • Etruscans- Northern Italy           – Eventually take control of...
©2012, TESCCC
Roman Government: Republic   • Republic - a government     with elected representatives   • Twelve Tables   • Patricians  ...
Roman government                • Patricians- wealthy landowners                  that controlled the republic.           ...
The Senate • 300-member council of   patricians that made laws and   served Rome      –Most powerful part       of the Rep...
The Plebeians     • The common people (common farmers, artisans, merchants)     • Had no say in government     • Allowed t...
How mightgeography                                    Rise of Romeaffect anemergingcivilization?                          ...
Julius Caesar•    Reforms Rome     1. Reorganized government with him as dictator.     2. Lowered taxes.     3. Makes gove...
The Roman Empire • Rome had a superior army due to its discipline and   organization • Roman Legions (army units) • Punic ...
The Roman Empire     • Augustus Caesar gains control of the       following:           – Military                • Takes c...
Why do Empires Fall?Empire: A major politicalunit having a territory ofgreater extent or a numberof territories or peoples...
Fall of Rome                       Invasions                                            Weak military                     ...
The Rise and Fall of Rome                   Pax                 Romana500                                 476BC           ...
Roman Empire is divided into the Western Empire and the             Eastern Empire (Byzantine Empire)              Justini...
Roman InfluencesAdd titles or descriptions to weblinks:http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-rome/videos#coliseum-deconstr...
Roman InfluencesDraw a graphic organizer on your booklet (last two pages of your booklet). Youmay add more extensions to t...
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  • Provide examples of one or two images and model how to infer based on an image.
  • Pace this activity so that enough time is provided for students to infer after each image is projected. Spend no more than ________
  • The Italian Peninsula image is hyperlinked to the next slide for additional information on the early settlement of Rome.The hyperlink provides students with more information and images.
  • The Italian Peninsula image is hyperlinked to the next slide for additional information on the early settlement of Rome.The hyperlink provides students with more information and images.
  • Inference and roman republic

    1. 1. Inference Roman Republic World History Unit 3, Lesson 2©2012, TESCCC
    2. 2. Inference• The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.©2012, TESCCC
    3. 3. Inference: The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or From a historian’s assumed to be true. perspective, what might this shape represent?©2012, TESCCC
    4. 4. How mightgeography Rise of Romeaffect anemergingcivilization? Pax Romana “Roman Peace” (lasting about 200 Roman Republic years from 27 BC Expands: The to 395 AD) Roman Empire Roman Republic is Go to Slide: Established at Roman Empire around 509 BC Early Settlement of Rome in the Italian Peninsula at around 700 BC along the Tiber River http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhisto ry/romans/city_of_rome/ ©2012, TESCCC
    5. 5. Early Romans: • Latin- Early settlers of Rome • Etruscans- Northern Italy – Eventually take control of Rome and build it into a great city. – Build it on 7 hills for protection. • 509 BC- Romans drive Etruscans out. Click on map to go back to “Rise of Rome” slide©2012, TESCCC
    6. 6. ©2012, TESCCC
    7. 7. Roman Government: Republic • Republic - a government with elected representatives • Twelve Tables • Patricians • Plebeians • Senate • Consuls©2012, TESCCC
    8. 8. Roman government • Patricians- wealthy landowners that controlled the republic. • Consuls- two individuals that directed the daily affairs of government and led the army. – One-year terms©2012, TESCCC
    9. 9. The Senate • 300-member council of patricians that made laws and served Rome –Most powerful part of the Republic©2012, TESCCC
    10. 10. The Plebeians • The common people (common farmers, artisans, merchants) • Had no say in government • Allowed to take part in the assembly, but had less power than the Senate. • Twelve Tables- 451 BCE – Plebeians have Roman laws written. – Gives common people some protection against unfair patrician decisions. – Twelve Tables may be found at: http://www.csun.edu/~hcfll004/12tables.html Click on map to go back to “Rise of Rome” slide©2012, TESCCC
    11. 11. How mightgeography Rise of Romeaffect anemergingcivilization? Pax Romana “Roman Peace” Roman Republic (lasting about 200 Expands: The years from 27 BC Roman Empire to 395 AD) Roman Republic is Go to Slide: Established at Roman Empire around 509 BC Early Settlement of Rome in the Italian Peninsula at around 700 BC along the Tiber River http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhisto ry/romans/city_of_rome/ ©2012, TESCCC
    12. 12. Julius Caesar• Reforms Rome 1. Reorganized government with him as dictator. 2. Lowered taxes. 3. Makes governors responsible to him. 4. Grants citizenship to conquered peoples.• March 15, 44 BCE- Caesar assassinated – Stabbed in the Senate “Beware the Ides of March.” – Augustus Caesar next ruler – Pax Romana (a period of peace: 27 BC to 395 AD)©2012, TESCCC
    13. 13. The Roman Empire • Rome had a superior army due to its discipline and organization • Roman Legions (army units) • Punic Wars (a series of wars that were fought to expand the size of Rome) • Rome expands to North Africa, parts of Europe and other lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. • Julius Caesar (Roman general becomes Emperor) • Read more at: add website©2012, TESCCC
    14. 14. The Roman Empire • Augustus Caesar gains control of the following: – Military • Takes complete control of • Gives veterans bonuses of land. – Provinces • Supervised all the governors. – Loyalty to Rome • Granted citizenship to more conquered peoples of Europe.©2012, TESCCC
    15. 15. Why do Empires Fall?Empire: A major politicalunit having a territory ofgreater extent or a numberof territories or peoplesunder a single sovereignauthority. ©2012, TESCCC
    16. 16. Fall of Rome Invasions Weak military Failure to collect• Empire was too taxes large• Increase use of slaves put Romans Bad leadership out of work• Prices increased• Corruption• Decrease in trade• Invasions: Franks, Visigoths, Huns, Vandals, Saxons 476 AD marks the official fall of Rome©2012, TESCCC
    17. 17. The Rise and Fall of Rome Pax Romana500 476BC AD ©2012, TESCCC
    18. 18. Roman Empire is divided into the Western Empire and the Eastern Empire (Byzantine Empire) Justinian CodeAfter the fall of the Roman Empire, the easternpart of the empire (Byzantine Empire) underEmperor Justinian clarified roman laws.Justinian, at around 529 (AD) formed acommittee of ten men to work on this project.The end product was the Justinian Code ofLaws. Today, much of modern day laws arebased on Roman Law and the Justinian Codeof Laws. ©2012, TESCCC
    19. 19. Roman InfluencesAdd titles or descriptions to weblinks:http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-rome/videos#coliseum-deconstructedOther helpful links:http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/romans/http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/romanpages.html©2012, TESCCC
    20. 20. Roman InfluencesDraw a graphic organizer on your booklet (last two pages of your booklet). Youmay add more extensions to the organizer. Religious Political Roman Influences Culture©2012, TESCCC

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