Imperialism and Africa•   Imperialism is the extension of political,    economic, or social control by    industrialized n...
Imperialism and AfricaAfrica Before Imperialism    • 100s of ethnic groups       •   Christianity and Muslim       •   100...
Motives Driving ImperialismWe are Better Than You  •   Racism      •   One race is superior to another  •   Social Darwini...
Motives Driving ImperialismNeed Our Goods  •   Raw Materials for fancy new factories  •   To force European goods onto Afr...
Forces Allowing ImperialismEuropean Motives  •   Nationalism – “we are here, not you”  •   Econ competition – profit  •   ...
Berlin Conference           Preventing War             •   Competition was fierce for Africa             •   Berlin Confer...
Colonial Control Forms  Forms of Imperialism            Explanation  Colony                  A country is governed by a fo...
How to Manage Those Colonies  Indirect Control                       Direct Control  Local rulers used to           Foreig...
Impact of Colonial Rule of AfricaThe Negative  •   Lost land and independence  •   War  •   Famine  •   Loss of culture
Impact of Colonial Rule of Africa             The Positive               •   Reduced local tribal wars               •   H...
•   By 1914, Africa had    been split up :•   Note that Ethopia and Liberia    remained uncolonized.•   Liberia was a sett...
•   See if you can identify part of the problem with colonization.
Imperialism and africa edmodo
Imperialism and africa edmodo
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Imperialism and africa edmodo

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Imperialism and africa edmodo

  1. 1. Imperialism and Africa• Imperialism is the extension of political, economic, or social control by industrialized nations on other weaker nations, regions, and territories. (A stronger nation tries to dominate a weaker nation through economic, political and social means).
  2. 2. Imperialism and AfricaAfrica Before Imperialism • 100s of ethnic groups • Christianity and Muslim • 1000s of languages • Europe is kept out • African armies kept Europe out for 400 years • Travel nearly impossible - rivers • IR and natural resources are the sparks needed for domination
  3. 3. Motives Driving ImperialismWe are Better Than You • Racism • One race is superior to another • Social Darwinism • The “fittest” and strong survive to enjoy the wealth, success, and superiority • This “gives” Europe the right to bring progress • Social Darwinism is what it sounds like. The Euros thought that since they were the most technologically and administratively advanced people they encountered anywhere on the globe and that they were capable of conquering others, they were necessarily fitter than all others and were superior to them
  4. 4. Motives Driving ImperialismNeed Our Goods • Raw Materials for fancy new factories • To force European goods onto Africa • To expand European power • To “civilize” the savage
  5. 5. Forces Allowing ImperialismEuropean Motives • Nationalism – “we are here, not you” • Econ competition – profit • European racism • Missionaries • Military and Naval – more controlExternal Forces • Maxim gun – 1st auto machine gun • Railroads, steamships, cable (communication)Internal Forces  Different cultures/language – no unity  Europe learned to play each culture against each other
  6. 6. Berlin Conference Preventing War • Competition was fierce for Africa • Berlin Conference Berlin Conference 1884 • No one wanted war so …. • Gave “rules” on how to divide Africa LOL  No African nation was rep in meeting
  7. 7. Colonial Control Forms Forms of Imperialism Explanation Colony A country is governed by a foreign power Protectorate A country has its own government but is controlled by an outside power An country where outside powers claim Sphere of Influence exclusive rights to trade and economics (no one else can trade with.) A country that is independent but Economic Imperialism undeveloped and controlled by business not another govt.
  8. 8. How to Manage Those Colonies Indirect Control Direct Control Local rulers used to Foreign rulers used to govern help govern Some self rule No self rule Goal is to develop Goal is to assimilate entire culture future “loyal” local rulers European style with Based solely on European styles local rules Example: US Pacific Example: French Islands Vietnam
  9. 9. Impact of Colonial Rule of AfricaThe Negative • Lost land and independence • War • Famine • Loss of culture
  10. 10. Impact of Colonial Rule of Africa The Positive • Reduced local tribal wars • Humanitarian efforts • Hospitals • Schools • Economy/Industry • Railroads • Dams • Communication
  11. 11. • By 1914, Africa had been split up :• Note that Ethopia and Liberia remained uncolonized.• Liberia was a settlement by freed American slaves.• Ethiopia successfully fought off Italian colonizers.
  12. 12. • See if you can identify part of the problem with colonization.

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