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  1. 1. Imperialism in the 18 th & 19 th Centuries
  2. 2. IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914) Imperialism is the extension of political, economic, or social control by industrialized nations on other weaker nations, regions, and territories. In the 19th century, imperialism was a trend in the world.
  3. 3. European Colonies - 1700
  4. 4. Western control at 1900
  5. 8. The partition of Africa 1800s
  6. 9. The partition of Africa 1914
  7. 10. The British Empire 19 th century
  8. 11. WHY did industrialized nations seek to control other areas of the world in the 18 th and 19 th centuries?
  9. 12. Industrial Revolution Source for Raw Materials Markets for Finished Goods European Nationalism Missionary Activity Military & Naval Bases European Motives For Colonization Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Soc. & Eco. Opportunities Humanitarian Reasons European Racism “ White Man’s Burden” Social Darwinism
  10. 13. Because they could! <ul><li>Industrialized nations had: </li></ul><ul><li>“ united” effort and a “superiority complex” </li></ul><ul><li>wealth for investment and influence </li></ul><ul><li>superior firepower, military technology, & armies and navies </li></ul>
  11. 16. U.S. Troops in the Philippines
  12. 17. <ul><li>Industrialized nations had: </li></ul><ul><li>new technology & machines for industry </li></ul><ul><li>Medicines and medical technology </li></ul>
  13. 18. And Western nations wanted: PROFIT!! <ul><li>Industrialized nations wanted access to: </li></ul><ul><li>raw materials for their factories </li></ul>
  14. 19. <ul><li>Industrialized nations wanted: </li></ul><ul><li>markets for their factory products </li></ul>
  15. 20. <ul><li>To control the trade of valuable products around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialized nations wanted: </li></ul>
  16. 21. And they wanted Glory! <ul><li>Taking new lands and creating an empire was a measure of national greatness. </li></ul>
  17. 22. “ Civilizing Mission” <ul><li>Missionaries, aid societies, and others wanted to “Christianize” and/or “civilize” people in less developed regions. </li></ul>
  18. 23. Case Study Imperialism in Africa
  19. 24. Scramble for Africa <ul><li>Europe had been interested in Africa for centuries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through the slave trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Much of Africa still unexplored until 1880s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European influence restricted to coastline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially difficult to get to interior due to geography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases made exploration difficult. (malaria, yellow fever etc) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 25. Technology Encourages Europeans to explore African interior <ul><li>Steamboats </li></ul><ul><li>Advances in medicine </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quinine – stops malaria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Suez Canal </li></ul>
  21. 26. Geographical Impact of the Suez Canal, 1869 See why the Suez canal is a “strategic” location? AFRICA EUROPE Suez Canal EAST ASIA Indian Ocean 16,000 KM 10,000 KM
  22. 28. Social Darwinism
  23. 29. What is being advertised? Where is this taking place? How can you tell? What is going on? What does it tell us about imperialism / colonialism? Who was the queen at the time? Common advertisement during Imperialism
  24. 30. Geopolitics! Europeans wanted to control more territory. <ul><li>The more places a nation controlled, the better it could gain access to and control other areas around the world for BOTH trade and naval & military purposes. </li></ul>
  25. 32. British control of India