Hinduism 2010

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Hinduism 2010

  1. 1. Hinduism Earliest religion of South Asia
  2. 2. GODS – some of the many <ul><li>Vishnu- the preserver & destroyer - came in different forms when demonic forces threatened (Rama, Krishna, </li></ul><ul><li>and the Buddha) </li></ul><ul><li>Shiva – represented creation and destruction (symbolic dance) </li></ul><ul><li>Devi - mother goddess – represented fertility and love Or violence and destruction </li></ul>
  3. 3. GODS <ul><li>There were thousands (if not more) of gods, sects, and local practices. </li></ul><ul><li>This has NOT separated Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>All gods were seen as the various manifestations of single divine force, Brahman </li></ul>
  4. 5. Life & Worship <ul><li>One approached gods through knowledge, discipline, and/or devotion to deities </li></ul><ul><li>Statues of gods were places where the god came for direct contact </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrimages to shrines and festival attendance </li></ul><ul><li>Ganges was sacred </li></ul>
  5. 6. Life & Worship <ul><li>The world is an illusion that is born, dies, and is reborn like humans. </li></ul><ul><li>How one lives determines aspects of REINCARNATION </li></ul>
  6. 7. Ultimate goal of Hinduism? <ul><li>Spiritual enlightenment (freed from earthly desires), allows a person to reach an ideal state and cease to be reborn </li></ul>
  7. 8. Sacred Texts <ul><li>Vedas and Upanishads are some of the religious texts. </li></ul>
  8. 9. How Hinduism changed in the classical period. <ul><li>Hinduism as a religion became more defined as a response to the changes caused by the presence of Buddhism & Jainism in the 600s bce. </li></ul><ul><li>Greater focus on direct contact with the gods through meditation and worship. </li></ul>

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