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Gunpowder empires intro


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Gunpowder empires intro

  1. 1. Introduction to Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires
  2. 2. INCOME <ul><li>How much does Bill Gates make per year? </li></ul><ul><li>About 2 billion? Net worth over 50 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>How much does the President of the U.S. make? </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 + a 50,000 expense account </li></ul>
  3. 3. INCOME <ul><li>King of Saudi Arabia’s net worth is . . . </li></ul><ul><li>21 billion </li></ul>
  4. 4. INCOME <ul><li>King of France in 1500 c.e. received about: </li></ul><ul><li>1 million per year </li></ul><ul><li>Suleiman, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire in the 1500s received about . . . </li></ul><ul><li>80 million per year </li></ul>
  5. 5. Suleiman the Lawgiver
  6. 8. The Point Is . . . <ul><li>The Ottoman Empire was one of the wealthiest and most powerful Empires of the world at its time. It was the dominating power of the Mediterranean. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Do you remember? <ul><li>By the 1100s, the Islamic Empire had split into several different caliphates . . . centered in Spain, Egypt, and the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><li>The Seljuk Turks were the group in control of the Middle East by the 1100s. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongols invaded and killed the Seljuk caliph of Baghdad. </li></ul>
  8. 12. The Ottoman Empire <ul><li>The Ottoman Turks started as soldiers and slaves of the Seljuks. After the Seljuks were defeated by the Mongols, the Ottoman Turks gained power after the Mongols left. </li></ul>
  9. 18. Other Major Islamic Empires <ul><li>Safavid (Persia) and Mughal (India) </li></ul><ul><li>The Safavid Empire was mostly Shi’ite and a rival of the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mughal Empire was an empire in which a Muslim minority controlled a Hindu majority creating a very complex culture. </li></ul>
  10. 20. Primary Source Analysis <ul><li>Read the descriptions of Turks and Christians by Brocquière and Sultan Bayezid II from the handouts. </li></ul><ul><li>------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Read Busbecq’s Letter (Docs in WH Vol 2 p 47-49) on “The Turkish Army.” </li></ul><ul><li>------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Read Busbecq’s Letter (Docs in WH Vol 2 p 49-50) on “Bows and Arrows and Other Matters” & “Christian Slaves.” </li></ul>
  11. 21. Primary Source Analysis <ul><li>SOAPStone </li></ul><ul><li>What is the source about? What are the important details? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the source say about gender roles? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the source say about religion? </li></ul>