Comparisons &ccot religions 2011


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Comparisons &ccot religions 2011

  2. 2. Belief systems in CONTEXT<br />Historians view religion in the context of time and place. <br />For example: Buddhists in India in the 300s ce were not the same as Buddhists in Southeast Asia in the 1800s ce thogh some of the core beliefs remained unchanged.<br />Historians view religions as an influence ON culture AND influenced BY culture.<br />For example: Christianity changed Roman culture and the Renaissance in Europe influenced Christianity. <br />
  3. 3. Belief systems as a study topic<br />Historians view religions as a part of human experience<br />For example: Hinduism is not judged as right or wrong in its beliefs or practices, but interpreted in how it influenced human history as it started in South Asia and spread elsewhere.<br />Confucianism is not judged as good or bad, but understood in the ways it influenced Chinese social classes, etc.<br />
  4. 4. Hinduism, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Daoism & Christianity<br />Belief Systems of the Classical Period<br />
  5. 5. Foundations<br />There is no recorded founder of Hinduism – it is the oldest institutional religion of the early belief systems.<br />Judaism began in the Middle East around the 1200s bce when it had its own political empire. <br />First monotheistic religion <br />
  6. 6. Foundations<br />Daoism emerged in East Asia in the 600s to 300s BCE from the teachings of Laozi and later Zhuangzi<br />Zoroastrianism arose in Persia in the 500s BCE from the teachings of Zarathustra<br />
  7. 7. Foundations<br />Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), the founder of Buddhism, was originally a Hindu in the upperclass. <br />Buddhism emerged in South Asia out of Hinduism starting in the 500s bce.<br />
  8. 8. Foundations<br />Jesus of Nazareth, the founder of Christianity, was a lower-class Jew living in Roman controlled Middle East. <br />The Jesus movement became Christianity with non-Jewish converts.<br />
  9. 9. Existence after Death<br />Hinduism and Buddhism – Existence is cyclical until one breaks from the cycle and becomes eternally spirit. <br />Judaism (some forms), Zoroastrianism, & Christianity – Existence is linear; one lives and then becomes eternally spirit.<br />
  10. 10. Spread<br />Groups within Buddhism and Christianity supported missionaries – men and women who purposely took the message of a religion into different regions.<br />Religions also spread through conquest, along trade routes, and through migrations.<br />
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  12. 12. Spread<br />Buddhism spread from South Asia into East and SE Asia. <br />Buddhism by the 500s ce was stronger in areas where it spread than where it originated.<br />How does this compare to Zoroastrianism?<br />How does this compare with Hinduism?<br />
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  14. 14. Spread<br />Judaism spread after the Romans exiled Jews to new territories in Europe <br />Christianity spread into the Roman Empire, into North and East Africa, and beyond. <br />Christianity by the 1200s was stronger in areas where it had spread than in where it originated. <br />
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  17. 17. Spread & CHANGE<br />As religions spread and new interpretations arose – there were changes, splits into different sects (or groups), and new influences<br />
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  21. 21. Texts<br />The founders of Buddhism and Christianity did not record their own statements or life story. <br />Which belief systems are connected to these texts?<br />Vedas and Upanishads<br />Torah<br />Gospels & Epistles<br />Analects<br />Sutras<br />
  22. 22. Challenges to Society<br />Both Buddhism and Christianity, more than the other belief systems, challenged the social class system and women’s status.<br />Especially in the early centuries, these religions appealed to lower classes and women.<br />